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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #1105 - γνόφος

Root Word (Etymology)
akin to (G3509)
Parts of Speech
masculine noun
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  1. darkness, gloom
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 651 ‑ אָפֵל (aw‑fale');  2822 ‑ חשֶׁךְ (kho‑shek');  5492 ‑ סוּפָה (soo‑faw');  5591 ‑ סַעַר (sah'‑ar, seh‑aw‑raw');  6049 ‑ עָנַן (aw‑nan');  6205 ‑ עֲרָפֶל (ar‑aw‑fel');  
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Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

γνόφ-ος, later form for δνόφος, darkness, Chron.Lind. D. 28, Hebrews 12:18, D.Chr. 34.37 (pl.), Luc. Peregr. 43: pl., storm-clouds, Arist. Mu. 391b12.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

γνόφος, γνόφου, (for the earlier (and poetic) δνόφος, akin to νέφος (so Alexander Buttmann (1873) Lexil. 2:266; but see Curtius, pp. 704f, 706, cf. 535; Vanicek, p. 1070)), darkness, gloom: Hebrews 12:18. (Aristotle, de mund. c. 2 at the end, p. 392b, 12; Lucian, de mort. Peregr. 43; Dio Chrysostom; the Sept. also for עָנָן a cloud, Deuteronomy 4:11, etc. and for עֲרָפֶל 'thick cloud,' Exodus 20:21, etc.; (Trench, § c.).)

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

γνόφος , -ου ,

(later form of δν -),

[in LXX for H651, H6205, etc.;]

darkness, gloom (including "an element of tempest," Tr., Syn., § c): Hebrews 12:18.†

SYN.: ἀχλύς G887, ζόφος G2217, σκότος G4655 (Tr., l.c.; DB, i, 457a).

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

Vettius Valens, p. 145.16, ἀστασία ἀνέμων γίνεται καὶ γνόφος . The use of ὁ γνόφος for the earlier and poetic ὁ δνόφος begins with Aristotle.



The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
γνόφον γνόφος γνόφου γνοφω γνόφω γνόφῳ γνοφώδεις γνοφώδης εγνόφωσεν gnopho gnophō gnóphoi gnóphōi
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