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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #1106 - γνώμη

Root Word (Etymology)
from (G1097)
Parts of Speech
feminine noun
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  1. the faculty of knowledge, mind, reason
  2. that which is thought or known, one's mind
    1. view, judgment, opinion
    2. mind concerning what ought to be done
      1. by one's self: resolve purpose, intention
      2. by others: judgment, advice
      3. decree
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 1881 ‑ דָּת (dawth);  2940 ‑ טַעַם (tah'‑am);  2942 ‑ טְעֵם (teh‑ame');  5475 ‑ סוֹד (sode);  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (7)
1 Corinthians 3
2 Corinthians 1
Philemon 1
Revelation 2
NAS (8)
1 Corinthians 3
2 Corinthians 1
Philemon 1
Revelation 3
CSB (9)
Acts 1
1 Corinthians 3
2 Corinthians 1
Philemon 1
Revelation 3
BSB (9)
Acts 1
1 Corinthians 3
2 Corinthians 1
Philemon 1
Revelation 3
ESV (6)
1 Corinthians 3
Revelation 3
WEB (9)
Acts 1
1 Corinthians 3
2 Corinthians 1
Philemon 1
Revelation 3
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

γνώμ-η, ἡ,

I means of knowing: hence, mark, token, Thgn. 60 (pl.); of the teeth (cf. γνώμων 111), Arist. HA 576b15.

II organ by which one perceives or knows, intelligence,

1 thought, judgement (τῆς ψυχῆς ἡ γ. Pl. Lg. 672b), ἐκμαθεῖν ψυχήν τε καὶ φρόνημα καὶ γ. S. Ant. 176: acc. abs., γνώμην ἱκανός intelligent, Hdt. 3.4; γ. ἀγαθός, κακός, S. OT 687, Ph. 910; τοιάδε τὴν γ. Id. El. 1021; κατὰ γ. ἴδρις Id. OT 1087 (lyr.); γνώμᾳ διπλόαν θέτο βουλάν Pi. N. 10.89; γνώμῃ μαθεῖν τι S. OC 403; γνώμῃ κυρήσας Id. OT 398; γνώμῃ φρενῶν, opp. ὀργῇ, ib. 524; γνώμης ξύνεσις Th. 1.75; γνώμης μᾶλλον ἐφόδῳ ἢ ἰσχύος Id. 3.11; ταῖς γ. καὶ τοῖς σώμασι σφάλλεσθαι X. Cyr. 1.3.10, cf. Th. 1.70; γνώμῃ, opp. τύχῃ, σωφρονοῦντες Isoc. 3.47; γνώμης ἅπτεσθαι affect the head, of wine or fever, Hp. Acut. 63, Fract. 11; γνώμην ἔχειν understand, S. El. 214 (lyr.), Ar. Ach. 396; πάντων γ. ἴσχειν S. Ph. 837 (lyr.); προσέχειν γνώμην give heed, attend, δεῦρο τὴν γ. προσίσχετε Eup. 37; πρὸς ἕτερον γνώμην ἔχειν Aeschin. 3.192; to be on one's guard, Th. 1.95; δηλοῦν τὴν γ. ἔν τινι to show one's wit in.., Id. 3.37; ἐν γνώμῃ τι παραστῆσαι D. 4.17; ἀπὸ γνώμης φέρειν ψῆφον δικαίαν with a good conscience, A. Eu. 674; but οὐκ ἀπὸ γ. λέγεις not without judgement, with good sense, S. Tr. 389; ἄτερ γνώμης A. Pr. 456; ἄνευ γ. S. OC 594; γνώμῃ κολάζειν with good reason, X. An. 2.6.10; γνώμῃ τῇ ἀρίστῃ (sc. κρίνειν or δικάζειν) to the best of one's judgement, in the dicasts' oath, Arist. Rh. 1375a29; ἡ καλουμένη γ. τοῦ ἐπιεικοῦς κρίσις ὀρθή Id. EN 1143a19; so περὶ ὧν ἂν νόμοι μὴ ὦσι, γνώμῃ τῇ δικαιοτάτῃ κρινεῖν D. 20.118; γ. τῇ δ. δικάσειν ὀμωμόκασιν Id. 23.96, cf. 39.40; τῇ δ. γ. Arist. Pol. 1287a26; ὅστις γνώμῃ μὴ καθαρεύει has not a clear conscience, Ar. Ra. 355.

2. will, disposition, inclination, εὐσεβεῖ γνώμᾳ Pi. O. 3.41; γ. Διός A. Pr. 1003; ἐν γνώμῃ γεγονέναι τινί to stand high in his favour, Hdt. 6.37; πάσῃ τῇ γ. with all one's zeal, Th. 6.45; τίνα αὐτοὺς οἴεσθε γ. ἕξειν περὶ σφῶν αὐτῶν And. 1.104; γ. ἔ. περί τινα Lys. 10.21; πρὸς τοὺς Ἀθηναίους τὴν γ. ἔχειν to be inclined towards.., Th. 5.44; ἐμπιμπλάναι τὴν γ. τινός satisfy his wishes, X. An. 1.7.8, cf. HG 6.1.15 (pl.); ἀφ' ἑαυτοῦ γνώμης on his own initiative, Th. 4.68; ἐκ μιᾶς γ. of one accord, with one consent, D. 10.59; μιᾷ γνώμῃ Th. 1.122, 6.17; διὰ μιᾶς γ. γίγνεσθαι Isoc. 4.139; κατὰ γνώμην according to one's mind or wishes, ὅταν τἀκεῖ θῶ κατὰ γνώμην ἐμήν E. Andr. 737; ἄν τι μὴ κατὰ γ. ἐκβῇ D. 1.16: in pl., φίλιαι γνῶμαι friendly sentiments, Hdt. 9.4.

III judgement, opinion, βροτῶν γ. Parm. 8.61; ταύτῃ.. τῇ γνώμῃ πλεῖστός εἰμι

1 in cline mostly to this view, Hdt. 7.220 (s. v.l.); also ταύτῃ πλεῖστος τὴν γνώμην εἰμί Id. 1.120; ἡ πλείστη γ. ἐστί τινι Id. 5.126; τλέον φέρει ἡ γ. τινί Id. 8.100; τὸ πλεῖστον τῆς γ. εἶχεν.. προσμεῖξαι Th. 3.31; γνώμην τίθεσθαι Hdt. 3.80; οὕτως τὴν γ. ἔχειν to be of this opinion, Th. 7.15, cf. X. Cyr. 6.2.8, Ar. Nu. 157; εἴ τινι γ. τοιαύτη παρειστήκει περὶ ἐμοῦ And. 1.54; τὴν αὐτὴν γ. ἔχειν Th. 2.55; τῆς αὐτῆς γ. εἶναι, ἔχεσθαι, Id. 1.113, 140; ὁ αὐτὸς εἰμὶ τῇ γ. Id. 3.38; κατὰ γ. τὴν ἐμήν in my judgement or opinion, Hdt. 2.26, 5.3; ellipt., κατά γε τὴν ἐμήν Ar. Ec. 153, cf. Plb. 18.1.18, D.H. Isoc. 3: abs., γνώμην ἐμήν Ar. V. 983, Pax 232; παρὰ γνώμην τοῖς Ἕλλησιν ἐγένετο contrary to general opinion, Th. 4.40; but παρὰ γ. κινδυνευταί reckless venturers, Id. 1.70, cf. 4.19; εἰπὲ μὴ παρὰ γ. ἐμοί either contrary to my wish, or contrary to your true opinion, A. Ag. 931, cf. Supp. 454: freq. of opinions delivered publicly, ἑστάναι πρὸς τὴν γ. τινός Th. 4.56; Θεμιστοκλέους γνώμῃ by the advice of Th., Id. 1.90, 93; γνώμην ἀποφαίνειν deliver an opinion, Hdt. 1.40; ἀποδείκνυσθαι ib. 207; ἐκφαίνειν Id. 5.36; τίθεσθαι S. Ph. 1448 (anap.), Ar. Ec. 658; ἀποφαίνεσθαι E. Supp. 336; ποιεῖσθαι περί τινων Th. 3.36; γνώμας κατέθεντο have made up their minds, Parm. 8.53. verdict, ἡ τοῦ δικαστοῦ γ. IG 4.364 (Corinth, iv A. D.), cf. 685.32 (pl., Cret., ii B. C.).

2. proposition, motion, γνώμην εἰσφέρειν Hdt. 3.80, 81; εἰπεῖν Th. 8.68, etc.; (but γνώμας προτιθέναι hold a debate, Th. 3.36); γνῶμαι τρεῖς προεκέατο Hdt. 3.83: freq. in Inscrr., resolution, IG 12.118.28, etc.; γ. στρατηγῶν ib.22.27; Κλεισόφου καὶ συμπρυτάνεων ib.1; ἡ ἐκφερομένη γ. ib.1051c26; γνώμην νικᾶν carry a motion, Ar. V. 594, Nu. 432; κρατεῖν τῇ γ. Plu. Cor. 17.

3. γνῶμαι, αἱ, practical maxims, Heraclit. 78, S. Aj. 1091, X. Mem. 4.2.9, Arist. Rh. 1395a11 (sg., 1394a22).

4. in pl., fancies, illusions, S. Aj. 52.

5. intention, purpose, resolve, ἀπὸ τοιᾶσδε γνώμης with some such purpose as this, Th. 3.92; γνώμην ποιεῖ σθαι, c. inf., propose to do, Id. 1.128; κατὰ γνώμην of set purpose, D.H. 6.81 (so also γνώμης Lib. Or. 33.13, 50.12); τίνα ἔχουσα γνώμην; with what purpose? Hdt. 3.119; οἶδα δ' οὐ γνώμῃ τίνι; with what intent? S. OT 527, cf. Aj. 448; ἡ ξύμπασα γ. τῶν λεχθέντων the general purport.., Th. 1.22; ἦν τοῦ τείχους ἡ γνώμη.., ἵνα.. the purpose of it was.., that.., Id. 8.90.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

γνώμη, γνώμης, (from γινώσκω);

1. the faculty of knowing, mind, reason.

2. that which is thought or known, one's mind;

a. view, judgment, opinion: 1 Corinthians 1:10; Revelation 17:13.

b. mind concerning what ought to be done, aa. by oneself, resolve, purpose, intention: ἐγένετο γνώμη (T Tr WH γνώμης, see γίνομαι 5 e. a.) τοῦ ὑποστρέφειν, Acts 20:3 (Buttmann, 268 (230)). bb. by others, judgment, advice: διδόναι γνώμην, 1 Corinthians 7:25 (40); 2 Corinthians 8:10. cc. decree: Revelation 17:17; χωρίς τῆς σής γνώμης, without thy consent, Philemon 1:14. (In the same senses in Greek writings; (cf. Schmidt, chapter 13, 9; Meyer on 1 Corinthians 1:10).)

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

γνώμη , -ης ,

(< γιγνώσκω ),

[in LXX: Da TH Daniel 2:15 (H1881), Psalms 83:3 (H5475), elsewhere, chiefly Ezra, for H2942;]

1. a means of knowing, a token (Theogn.).

2. In Attic writers, the mind, its operations and results (v. Edwards, Lex., App., A);

(a) mind, understanding;

(b) purpose, intention: Acts 20:3;

(c) judgment, opinion: 1 Corinthians 1:10 Revelation 17:13;

(d) counsel, advice: 1 Corinthians 7:25; 1 Corinthians 7:40, 2 Corinthians 8:10, Philemon 1:14;

(e) royal purpose, decree (as in Da, 1 Esdras and Ezra): Revelation 17:17 (Cremer, 671).†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

P Lond 17.47 (B.C. 162) (= I. p. 11) μετὰ τῆς τῶν εἰθισμένων γνώμης . P Oxy X. 1280.5 (iv/A.D.) ἑκουσίᾳ καὶ αὐθαιρέτῳ γνώμῃ , ";of my own free will."; The phrase κατὰ γνώμην is common in opening greetings, e. g. P Petr II. 11 (1).1 (iii/B.C.) (= Selections, p. 7) καλῶς ποιεῖς εἰ ἔρρωσαι καὶ τὰ λοιπά σοι κατὰ γνώμην ἐστίν , ";I am glad if you are in good health, and everything else is to your mind"; : cf. ib. III. 53(o).5, (q).3. The phrase occurs in Wisdom of Solomon 7:15εἰπεῖν κατὰ γνώμην . With Philemon 1:14 χωρὶς δὲ τῆς σῆς γνώμης , ";without your consent,"; cf. P Grenf II. 14(a).20 (iii/B.C.) ἄνευ τῆς σῆς γνώμης , and for similar phrases see P Tebt I. 6.37 (B.C. 140–39), ib. 104.28 (B.C. 92), P Par 62iii. 3 (ii/B.C.), BGU IV. 1051.30 (a marriage contract—time of Augustus), and μετὰ γνώμης in P Oxy IV. 729.43 (A.D. 137). It = ";consent"; in P Flor I. 58.8 (iii/A.D.), where a complainant declares he has been ousted from a holding δίχα παντὸς νόμου καὶ δί [χα . . .. . .. ] ἐξουσίας καὶ δίχα γνώμης ἐμῆς καὶ συνκαταθέσ ̣ε [ω ]̓. BGU IV. 1137.12 (B.C. 6) ἔδοξε κοινῇ γνώμῃ = ";carried unanimously."; P Gen I. 54.4 (iv/A.D.) οἷδας τὴν γνώμην μου ὅτι γν [ ]μη ὁποία ἐστίν : for ὅτι ὁπ ́οία Nicole compares BGU II. 601.10 (ii/A.D.) γράψον μοι . . . ὅτι τί ἔπραξας . For γνώμη = ";purpose, decree"; (as in 1 and 2 Esdras, Daniel, Revelation 17:17), see P Oxy I. 54.12 (A.D. 201) γνώμῃ τοῦ κοινοῦ τῶν ἀρχόντων , ";in accordance with the decision of the council of the archons"; (Edd.), P Fay 20.4 (an imperial edict—iii/iv A.D.) ὧν . . . τὴν γνώμην νῦν ἐμὴν ἐγὼ ποιοῦμαι , ";whose policy I now make my own"; (Edd.), and Priene 105.31 (B.C. 9) ἔδοξεν τοῖς ἐπὶ τῆς Ἀσίας Ἕλλη [σι ]ν , γνώ [μη ] τοῦ ἀρχιερέως Ἀπολ [λ ]ων [ ]ου κτλ . In MGr γνώμη = ";meaning,"; ";opinion.";



The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
γνωμη γνώμη γνώμῃ γνωμην γνώμην γνωμης γνώμης gnome gnōmē gnṓmei gnṓmēi gnomen gnōmēn gnṓmen gnṓmēn gnomes gnōmēs gnṓmes gnṓmēs
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