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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #1128 - γυμνάζω

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  1. to exercise naked (in a palaestra or school of athletics)
  2. to exercise vigorously, in any way, either the body or the mind
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
ASV (4)
1 Timothy 1
Hebrews 2
2 Peter 1
BSB (4)
1 Timothy 1
Hebrews 2
2 Peter 1
CSB (4)
1 Timothy 1
Hebrews 2
2 Peter 1
ESV (4)
1 Timothy 1
Hebrews 2
2 Peter 1
KJV (4)
1 Timothy 1
Hebrews 2
2 Peter 1
LEB (0)
The Lexham English Bible
did not use
this Strong's Number
LSB (4)
1 Timothy 1
Hebrews 2
2 Peter 1
N95 (4)
1 Timothy 1
Hebrews 2
2 Peter 1
NAS (4)
1 Timothy 1
Hebrews 2
2 Peter 1
NLT (4)
1 Timothy 1
Hebrews 3
2 Peter 2
WEB (4)
1 Timothy 1
Hebrews 2
2 Peter 1
YLT (4)
1 Timothy 1
Hebrews 2
2 Peter 1
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions


fut. -άσω: aor. ἐγύμνασα A. Ag. 540: pf. γεγύμνακα Id. Pr. 586 (lyr.): Med., (v. infr.): Pass., aor. ἐγυμνάσθην [ D. ] 61.43: pf. γεγύμνασμαι (v. infr.): (γυμνός):


1. train naked, train in gymnastic exercise: generally, train, exercise, τὸ σῶμα, τὴν ψυχήν, Isoc. 2.11; ἑαυτὸν καὶ τοὺς ἵππους X. An. 1.2.7; ἑαυτὸν πρός τι Arr. Epict. 2.18.27: c. inf., γ. τοὺς παῖδάς τι ποιεῖν train or accustom them to do a thing, X. Cyr. 1.6.32; γ. τινά τινι accustom him to it, ib. 1.2.10; τινὰ περί τι Isoc. 10.5; teach rhetoric, Phld. Rh. 2.50S.: Med., exercise for oneself, practise, γυμνάσασθαι τέχνην Pl. Grg. 514e; τὰ περὶ τὰς διαίτας Str. 14.2.19; γυμνάσιον τὸ εἰωθός Ael. VH 5.6; practise gymnastic exercises, Thgn. 1335, Hdt. 7.208, Th. 1.6. etc.; δρόμῳ IG 4.955.8 (ii A. D.), etc.; generally, practise, ναῦς -ομένας X. HG 1.1.16; of a disputer, Arist. Top. 108a13, etc.: Pass., ὁ γεγυμνασμένος the trained or practised orator, opp. ὁ εὐφυής, Id. Rh. 1410b8; γεγυμνάσθαι πρός τι, ἔντινι, be trained or practised for or in a thing, Pl. Lg. 626b, 635c; περὶ τὰ ὅπλα γυμνάζεσθαι X. HG 6.5.23: c. acc., τὰ πρὸς τὰς πολεμικὰς πράξεις γεγυμνασμένοι τὰς ἕξεις.. Arist. Pol. 1319a22; θήραν Philostr. VA 3.9: c. gen., γεγ. θαλάττης, πολέμων, σοφίας, Id. Her. 2.15, 3.1, 10.1; καρδία γεγ. πλεονεξίας τινί 2 Peter 2:14; also ὕδωρ ὑπὸ συνεχῶν πληγῶν γεγ. καὶ κεκαθαρμένον J. AJ 3.1.2.

2. prepare, βιβλίδιον PFlor. 338.4 (iii A. D.).

II metaph.,

1. wear out, harass, ἄδην με.. πλάναι γεγυμνάκασι A. Pr. 586; ἔρως πατρῴας τῆσδε γῆς σ' ἐγύμνασε Id. Ag. 540; κρυμὸς.. πλευρὰ γυμνάζει χολῆς, of pleurisy, E. Fr. 682: Pass., τοὺς ὑπερμήκεις δρόμους.. γυμνάζεται A. Pr. 592.

2. investigate, Sammelb. 5941.12 (Pass., vi A. D.).

III = cross γυμνόω, PSI 1.70 (Pass., vi A. D.).

Thayer's Expanded Definition

γυμνάζω; (perfect passive participle γεγυμνασμενοσ'; (γυμνός); common in Greek writings from Aeschylus down;

1. properly, to exercise naked (in the palaestra).

2. to exercise vigorously, in any way, either the body or the mind: ἑαυτόν πρός εὐσέβειαν, of one who strives earnestly to become godly, 1 Timothy 4:7; γεγυμνασμενος exercised, Hebrews 5:14; Hebrews 12:11; καρδίαν γεγυμνασμένην πλεονεξίας (Rec. πλεονεξίαις), a soul that covetousness or the love of gain has trained in its crafty ways, 2 Peter 2:14; cf. Winer's Grammar, § 30, 4.

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

** γυμνάζω

(< γυμνός ),

[in LXX: 2 Maccabees 10:15*;]

1. properly, to exercise naked.

2. Generally, to exercise, train the body or mind: 1 Timothy 4:7, Hebrews 5:14; Hebrews 12:11, 2 Peter 2:14.†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

The metaphorical use of this word, as in 1 Timothy 4:7, may be illustrated from the popular philosophy of the day—Epict. i. 26. 3 πρῶτον οὖν ἐπὶ τῆς θεωρίας γυμνάζουσιν ἡμᾶς οἱ φιλόσοφοι , ii. 18. 27 οὗτός ἐστιν ὁ ταῖς ἀληθείαις ἀσκητὴς ὁ πρὸς τὰς τοιαύτας φαντασίας γυμνάζων ἑαυτόν . In PSI I. 93.6 (iii/A.D.) πολλὰ συνεγυμνάσθην πρὸς αὐτούς is presumably, ";I had a good bout with"; certain ἐπίτροποι . So BGU II. 615.25 (ii/A.D.) συ [ν ]γυμνάσθητι ἐ [μ ]πίροις , τί δι᾽ ἡμᾶς πρᾶξε . For the literal sense cf. Syll 804.8 (ii/A.D.) δρόμῳ γυμνάζεσθαι , etc. Ib. 523.28 (iii/B.C.) ὅπως δὲ ἐπιμελῶς ἐν τοῖς μαθήμασιν γυμνάζωνται οἵ τε παῖδες καὶ οἱ ἔφηβοι , τὸν παιδονόμον καὶ τὸν γυμνασίαρχον ἐπιμελεῖσθαιτὰ μουσικὰ μανθάνειν has occurred just before—shows the beginnings of its extension. P Flor III. 338.4 (iii/A.D.) εὐσεβὲς τὸ πρᾶγμα ποιεῖς , ἐὰν ποιήσῃς τὸ βιβλίδιον ἐκεῖνο ὡς ἐγύμνασα αὐτὸ σύν σοι ἐν τῇ πόλει —the ";practising"; of this petition by the two anxious ἀδελφοί is suggestive. The verb is unchanged in MGr, and still = ";practise.";

[Supplemental from 1930 edition]

γυμνάζω = ";discuss"; = cf. P Flor III. 338.4 (iii/A.D.) έγύμνασα αὐτὸ σύν σοι ἐν τῇ πόλει , and P Lond V. 1717.22 (c. A.D. 560–573).



The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
γεγυμνασμενα γεγυμνασμένα γεγυμνασμενην γεγυμνασμένην γεγυμνασμενοις γεγυμνασμένοις γυμναζε γύμναζε gegumnasmena gegumnasmenen gegumnasmenēn gegumnasmenois gegymnasmena gegymnasména gegymnasmenen gegymnasmenēn gegymnasménen gegymnasménēn gegymnasmenois gegymnasménois gumnaze gymnaze gýmnaze
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