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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Strong's #121 - ἄθωος

Transliteration
áthōos
Phonetics
ath'-o-os
Origin
from (G1) (as a negative particle) and probably a derivative of (G5087) (meaning a penalty)
Parts of Speech
Adjective
TDNT
None
Definition
Thayer's
  1. not guilty, innocent, unpunished
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 4421 ‑ מִלְחָמָה (mil‑khaw‑maw');  5352 ‑ נָקָה (naw‑kaw');  5352 ‑ נָקָה (naw‑kaw');  5355 ‑ נָקִי (naw‑kee', naw‑kee');  5356 ‑ נִקָּיֹן (nik‑kaw‑yone', nik‑kaw‑yone');  8549 ‑ תָּמִים (taw‑meem');  8552 ‑ תָּמַם (taw‑mam');  
Frequency Lists  
  1. Book
  2. Word
  3. Parsing
KJV (2)
Matthew
2
NAS (2)
Matthew
2
HCS (2)
Matthew
2
BSB (2)
Matthew
2
ESV (2)
Matthew
2
WEB (2)
Matthew
2
Verse Results
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

ἀθῷος, ον, (θωά, Ion. θωιή):

1. scot-free, E. Ba. 672, etc.; ἐγὼ μὲν ἀ. ἅπασι D. 18.125; ἀθῴους καθιστάναι τινάς to secure their immunity, Id. 3.11; ἀθῷον ἀφιέναι Test. ap. eund. 21.107; ἀ. ἀπαλλάττειν or -εσθαι to get off scot-free, Pl. Sph. 254d, Lys. 6.4; ἀπέρχεσθαι Archipp. 40; διαφυγεῖν Men. 130.

2. c. gen., free from a thing, πληγῶν Ar. Nu. 1413; ἀ. ἀδικημάτων unpunished for offences, Lycurg. 79, cf. D.S. 14.76.

3. unharmed by, ἀθῷος τῆς Φιλίππου.. δυναστείας D. 18.270. II not deserving punishment, guiltless, ἀ. ὁ κτείνων Democr. 257; ἀ. χερσί LXX Psalms 24:4(23).4; ἀ. ἀπὸ τοῦ αἵματος Matthew 27:24.

III Act., causing no harm, harmless, κίνδυνος D. Prooem. 26. (ἀθῷος distinguished by Gramm. from Ἄθωος, of Mt. Athos, A. Ag. 285, cf. Hdn.Gr. 1.128.)

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

ἀθῷος

(Rec. wrongly, -ῶος ; LS, s.v.; Mayser, 131), -ον

(< θωή , a penalty),

[in LXX chiefly for H5352 ni., pi., H5355;]

1. unpunished (MM, GT, s.v.).

2. innocent: Matthew 27:4 (WH, R, mg., δίκαιον ) Matthew 27:24.†


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

P Oxy II. 237viii. 17 (ii/A.D.) ο [ ]δ ̣[ ] τότε ἀθο ̑ος ἐσόμενος, ἀλλὰ τοῖς τεταγμένοις ἐπιτίμοις ἐνεχόμενος, ";and even so he shall not escape his liabilities, but shall be subject to the legal penalties";—a legal opinion quoted in the lengthy Petition of Dionysia. An earlier example is afforded by P Tebt I. 44.28 (ii/B.C.) where certain precautions are taken lest an assailant ἀθῶιος διαφύγηι, ";should escape unpunished."; Cf. Syll 790.59 (i/B.C.) ἃ ἐὰν ὀμό [σω ]σιν, ἔστωσαν ἀθῷοι.

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
αθώα αθώοι αθώοις αθώον αθώόν Αθωος αθώος αθώός Ἀθῷός αθώου αθωωθής αθωωθήσεται αθωωμένη αθώων αθωώσει αθωώσης αθώωσόν αθωώσω Athôiós Athō̂iós Athoos Athōos
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org. Copyright 1999-2021. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
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