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Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #1439 - ἐάω
- to allow, permit, let
- to allow one to do as he wishes, not to restrain, to let alone
- to give up, let go, leave
contr. ἐῶ Il. 8.428, etc.; εἰῶ 4.55; Ephesians 2:1-22; Ephesians 3:1-21 sg. ἐάᾳς, ἐάᾳ, Od. 12.137, Il. 8.414; inf. ἐάαν Od. 8.509: impf. εἴων, as, a, Il. 18.448, Od. 19.25, Th. 1.28, etc.; Ion. and ἔων Hdt. 9.2, ἔα Il. 5.517, 16.731; also ἔασκον or εἴασκον, 2.832, 5.802, etc.: fut. ἐάσω [ᾱ ] 18.296, etc.: aor. εἴᾱσα (εἴᾰσεν is v.l. for εἴᾱς ' in 10.299) 24.684, etc.; ἔᾱσα 11.437: pf. εἴᾱκα D. 8.37, 43.78, Cerc. 17.35: — Pass., fut. ἐάσομαι in pass. sense, E. IA 331, Th. 1.142: aor. εἰάθην Isoc. 4.97: pf. Pass. εἴᾱμαι D. 45.22. — Hdt. never uses the augm. in this Verb. [ ᾰ in pres. and impf., ᾱ in fut. and aor. even in Ion. (so prob. in Anacr. 56, 57; forms with - ασς - occur as vv.ll. in Hom. and Parm. 8.7). Synizesis occurs in 3 sg. ἐᾷ Il. 5.256, in 1 subj. ἐῶμεν 10.344, and prob. in ἐάσουσιν Od. 21.233; also in Trag., in imper. ἔα S. OT 1451, Ant. 95, Ar. Nu. 932; ind. ἐῶ Id. Lys. 734: Hsch. has the form ἦσεν· εἴασεν, cf. ἦσαι· παῦσαι ]: —
1. suffer, permit, c. acc. pers. et inf., τούσδε δ' ἔα φθινύθειν leave them alone to perish, Il. 2.346; αἴ κεν ἐᾷ με.. ζώειν Od. 13.359, etc.; ἐᾶν οἰκεῖν Th. 3.48, cf. IG 12.1; ἐ. τοὺς Ἕλληνας αὐτονόμους ib.2.17.9; ἐᾶν ἄκλαυτον, ἄταφον S. Ant. 29, cf. Tr. 1083; ἐᾶν τί τινι Plu. 2.233d: — so in Pass., Κρέοντί γε θρόνους ἐᾶσθαι should be given up, S. OC 368. concede, allow in argument, c. acc. et inf., Pl. Prm. 135b.
2. with neg., οὐκ ἐᾶν not to suffer: hence, forbid, prevent, τρεῖν μ' οὐκ ἐᾷ Παλλὰς Ἀθήνη Il. 5.256; εἴπερ γὰρ φθονέω τε καὶ οὐκ εἰῶ διαπέρσαι 4.55; esp. of the law, Aeschin. 3.21; δμωὰς δ' οὐκ εἴας προβλωσκέμεν Od. 19.25, etc.: used elliptically with ἀλλά following, οὐκ ἐῶν φεύγειν, ἀλλὰ [κελεύων] μένοντας ἐπικρατέειν Hdt. 7.104, cf. Th. 2.21; also, persuade or advise not to do.., Id. 1.133: an inf. may freq. be supplied, οὐκ ἐάσει σε τοῦτο will not allow thee [to do] this, S. Ant. 538; κἂν μηδεὶς ἐᾷ even if all men forbid, Id. Aj. 1184, cf. Ph. 444: — so in Pass., οὐκ ἐᾶσθαι, c. inf., to be hindered, E. IT 1344, Th. 1.142, D. 2.16.
1. let alone, let be, c. acc., ἔα χόλον Il. 9.260; μνηστήρων μὲν ἔα βουλήν heed not the suitors' plan, Od. 2.281; ἐπεί με πρῶτον ἐάσας as soon as thou hast dismissed me, Il. 24.557, cf. 569, 684; ἤ κέν μιν ἐρύσσεαι, ἦ κεν ἐάσῃς or wilt leave him alone, 20.311, cf. Hdt. 6.108, etc.; ἐάσωμεν ἕκηλον αὐτόν S. Ph. 825; [ πρᾶγμα] ἀκάθαρτον ἐᾶν Id. OT 256; τὰ παθήματα.. παρεῖσ' ἐάσω Id. OC 363, cf. Th. 2.36; ἐᾶν φιλοσοφίαν Pl. Grg. 484c: c. inf., ἐπὶ Σκύθας ἰέναι.. ἔασον let it alone, Hdt. 3.134; κλέψαι μὲν ἐάσομεν Ἕκτορα we will have done with stealing Hector, Il. 24.71; ἐᾶν περί τινος Pl. Prt. 347c, etc.; ἐῶ γὰρ εἰ φίλον D. 21.122: abs., ἀλλ' ἄγε δὴ καὶ ἔασον have done, let be, Il. 21.221, cf. A. Pr. 334; οὐ χρὴ μάχεσθαι πρὸς τὸ θεῖον, ἀλλ' ἐᾶν E. Fr. 491.5; θεὸς τὸ μὲν δώσει, τὸ δ' ἐάσει he will give one thing, the other he will let alone, Od. 14.444: — Pass., ἡ δ' οὖν ἐάσθω S. Tr. 329, etc.
2. for ἐᾶν χαίρειν, v. χαίρω sub fin. (ἐϝάω, cf. ἔβασον· ἔασον, and εὔα· ἔα, Hsch. who also has ἔησον· ἔασον.)
ἐάω , -ῶ ,
[in LXX for H7503 hi., etc.;]
1. to let, permit: c. acc, c. inf., c. acc et inf. (M, Pr., 205): Matthew 24:43, Luke 4:41; Luke 22:51, Acts 14:16; Acts 16:7; Acts 19:30; Acts 23:32; Acts 27:32; Acts 28:4, 1 Corinthians 10:13.
2. to let alone, leave: ἀγκύρας , Acts 27:40 (cf. προσ -εάω ).†
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
For ἐάω followed by the inf. cf. P Grad 8.16 (B.C. 223–2?) καλῶς ποιήσεις γράψας τοῖς φυλακίταις ἐᾶν αὐτοῖς κατανέμειν, ";to allow them to use the pastures,"; P Fay 122.6 (c. A.D. 100) ἐά [σ ]ας αὐτὸν βαστάξαι ἀρτάβας εἴκοσι ὀκτώ, τὰς δὲ λοιπὰς ὑπὸ τὴν ἀμφοτέρ [ω ]ν σφραγεῖδα ἐάσας, ";allowing him to carry off 28 artabae and leaving the rest under the seals of you both"; (Edd.) : see also Proleg. p. 205. In P Tebt II. 289.6 (A.D. 23) we have the participle, οὕτως γὰρ γνώσομαι πότερον ἐπὶ τόπων σε ἐάσω πράττοντά τι, ";for I shall thus know whether I shall leave you in employment where you are"; (Edd.). In P Oxy X. 1293.19 ff. (A.D. 117–38), as in Acts 16:7; Acts 19:30, an inf. has to be supplied—λέγει μοι Σαρᾶς Ἔασον τοὺς ἄλλους πέντε μετρητὰς περὶ ὧν γράφεις εἰς τὸ ἄλλο ἀγώγιον · ἐὰν δὲ μὴ εὕρω τὸν βαστάζοντα, ἐάσω αὐτό, ";Saras says to me, ‘Let the other five metretae about which you write wait for the other load, and if I cannot find a carrier, I shall do so’ "; (Edd.) : see also P Flor II. 213.7 (A.D. 255) ἔασον παρά σοι, ";keep by you"; certain memphitia of wine. For ἐάω = ";leave,"; as on its second occurrence in P Fay l.c. above, see also P Tebt II. 319.24 (A.D. 248) εἰακέναι δὲ αὐτοὺς κοινὰς τὰς ὑπαρχούσας (ἀρούρας) β ̄ οὔσας περὶ κώμην Τεπτῦνιν, ";they have left as common property the two arourae belonging to them near the village of Tebtunis."; In P Par 63.162 (B.C. 165) (= P Petr III. p. 32) καὶ μηθεὶς ἐαθῆι στρατεύσασθαι, Mahaffy translates, as required by the context, ";and if no one be let off to serve in the army.";
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Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
the Sixth Week after Easter