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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #1497 - εἴδωλον

Transliteration
eídōlon
Phonetics
i'-do-lon
Root Word (Etymology)
from (G1491); an image (i.e. for worship)
Parts of Speech
neuter noun
TDNT
2:375,202
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Definition   
Thayer's
  1. an image, likeness
    1. i.e. whatever represents the form of an object, either real or imaginary
    2. used of the shades of the departed, apparitions, spectres, phantoms of the mind, etc.
  2. the image of an heathen god
  3. a false god
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 410 ‑ אֵל (ale);  433 ‑ אֱלֹהַּ (el‑o'‑ah, el‑o'‑ah);  457 ‑ אֱלִיל (el‑eel');  1116 ‑ בּוּם (baw‑maw');  1167 ‑ בַּעַל (bah'‑al);  1544 ‑ גִּלֻּל (ghil‑lool', ghil‑lool');  1892 ‑ הֲבֵל (heh'‑bel, hab‑ale');  2553 ‑ חַמָּן (kham‑mawn');  4656 ‑ מִפְלֶצֶת (mif‑leh'‑tseth);  6090 ‑ עֹצֶב (o'‑tseb);  6459 ‑ פֶּסֶל (peh'‑sel);  6754 ‑ צֶלֶם (tseh'‑lem);  8163 ‑ שָׂעִר (saw‑eer', saw‑eer');  8251 ‑ שִׁקֻּץ (shik‑koots', shik‑koots');  8655 ‑ תְּרָפִים (ter‑aw‑feme');  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (11)
Acts 2
Romans 1
1 Corinthians 4
2 Corinthians 1
1 Thessalonians 1
1 John 1
Revelation 1
NAS (11)
Acts 2
Romans 1
1 Corinthians 4
2 Corinthians 1
1 Thessalonians 1
1 John 1
Revelation 1
HCS (11)
Acts 2
Romans 1
1 Corinthians 4
2 Corinthians 1
1 Thessalonians 1
1 John 1
Revelation 1
BSB (11)
Acts 2
Romans 1
1 Corinthians 4
2 Corinthians 1
1 Thessalonians 1
1 John 1
Revelation 1
ESV (10)
Acts 2
Romans 1
1 Corinthians 4
2 Corinthians 1
1 Thessalonians 1
Revelation 1
WEB (11)
Acts 2
Romans 1
1 Corinthians 4
2 Corinthians 1
1 Thessalonians 1
1 John 1
Revelation 1
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

εἴδωλον, τό, (εἶδος)

I

1. phantom, Il. 5.451, Od. 4.796, Hdt. 5.92. ή, Pl. Lg. 959b; βροτῶν εἴδωλα καμόντων, of ghosts, Od. 11.476, etc.; ψυχῶν Procl. Inst. 64.

2. any unsubstantial form, εἴδωλον σκιᾶς A. Ag. 839, S. Fr. 659.6, Chaerem. 14.15; οὐδὲν ἄλλο πλὴν εἴδωλα.. ἢ κούφην σκιάν S. Aj. 126; εἴ. ἄλλως a mere form, Id. Ph. 947; αἰῶνος εἴ. Pi. Fr. 131.3.

3. image reflected in a mirror or in water, Pl. Sph. 266b, Arist. Div.Somn. 464b9.

4. in the system of Epicurus, film given off by any object and conveying an impression to the eye, Epicur. Ephesians 1 p.10U., Nat. 2.1, al., Cic. Fam. 15.16.1, etc.

II image in the mind, idea, X. Smp. 4.21; phantom of the mind, fancy, Pl. Phd. 66c; εἴ. καὶ ψεῦδος Id. Tht. 150c.

III image, likeness, γυναικὸς εἴ. χρύσεον Hdt. 1.51, cf. 6.58: metaph., λόγος εἴ. ψυχῆς Isoc. 3.7. later, image of a god, idol, LXX 2 Kings 17:12, 1 Corinthians 12:2, OGI 201.8 (Silco, vi A.D.), etc. εἴ. οὐράνια constellations, A.R. 3.1004, cf. Max. 56.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

εἴδωλον, εἰδώλου, τό (εἶδος (cf. Winers Grammar, 96 (91); Etym. Magn. 296, 9)), in Greek writings from Homer down, an image, likeness, i. e. whatever represents the form of an object, either real or imaginary; used of the shades of the departed (in Homer), of apparitions, spectres, phantoms of the mind, etc.; in Biblical writings (an idol, i. e.):

1. the image of a heathen god: Acts 7:41; 1 Corinthians 12:2; Revelation 9:20 (Isaiah 30:22; 2 Chronicles 23:17, etc.; θεῶν δαιμον´ων εἴδωλα, Polybius 31, 3, 13);

2. a false god: Acts 15:20 (on which see ἀλίσγημα); Romans 2:22; 1 Corinthians 8:4, 7; 1 Corinthians 10:19; 2 Corinthians 6:16; 1 Thessalonians 1:9 (often in the Sept.); φυλάσσειν ἑαυτόν ἀπό τῶν εἰδώλων, to guard oneself from all manner of fellowship with heathen worship, 1 John 5:21.


Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

εἴδωλον , -ου , τό

(< εἶδος ),

[in LXX for m H433, H1544, etc.;]

1. in cl.

(a) a phantom, image, likeness;

(b) an image in the mind, an idea, fancy.

2. In LXX and NT,

(a) an image of a god, an idol (cf. Polyb., xxxi, 3, 13): Acts 7:41, 1 Corinthians 12:2, Revelation 9:20;

(b) the false god or idol worshipped in an image (ICC, on 1 Th, l.c.): Acts 15:20, Romans 2:22, 1 Corinthians 8:4; 1 Corinthians 8:7; 1 Corinthians 10:19, 2 Corinthians 6:16, 1 Thessalonians 1:9, 1 John 5:21.†


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

In P Leid Wxx. 6 (ii/iii A.D.) εἴδωλα θ ̄ are the ";nine constellations,"; but in the astrological P Ryl II. 63.3 (iii/A.D.) the word is used in the more general sense of ";image,"; ";phenomenon,"; when Plato asks an Egyptian, τίς δὲ ἡ αἰτία τούτων [τ ] [ν εἰ ]δώλων; ";what is the cause of these phenomena?"; (Edd.), and receives a reply connecting various parts of the body with the sun, moon, etc. Cf. also the horoscope, P Lond 130.186 (i/ii A.D.) (= I. p. 137) ἀστέρα τὸν ἐν τῆι χλαμύδι καλούμενον Γανυμήδην ὁμωνύμως τῶι ὅλωι εἰδώλωι, and ib. 122.88 (iv/A.D.) (= I. p. 117) ἐγὼ γάρ εἰμι τὸ εἴδωλόν σου. The word is used of the images of heathen gods in the vi/A.D. Silco inscr., OGIS 201.8 ἐποίησα εἰρήνην μετ᾽ αὐτῶν καὶ ὤμοσάν μοι τὰ εἴδωλα αὐτῶν καὶ ἐπίστευσα τὸν ὅρκον αὐτῶν. Vett. Val. pp. 67.5 ὑπὸ δαιμονίων καὶ φαντασίας εἰδώλων χρηματισθήσονται, 113.17 τοῦ δὲ Κρόνου ἐν τῷ ὑπογείῳ εὑρεθέντος θεῶν καὶ νεκρῶν εἴδωλα ἐφαντάσθη.

 


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
ειδωλα είδωλα είδωλά εἴδωλα ειδώλοις ειδωλον είδωλον είδωλόν εἴδωλον εἴδωλόν ειδωλου ειδώλου εἰδώλου ειδωλω ειδώλω εἰδώλῳ ειδωλων ειδώλων εἰδώλων εικάδι εικάδος εικασθή eidola eidōla eídola eídōla eidolo eidōlō eidṓloi eidṓlōi eidolon eidōlon eidōlōn eidṓlon eidṓlōn eídolon eídolón eídōlon eídōlón eidolou eidōlou eidṓlou
 
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