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Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #2022 - הַר
1112) re (הר HR) AC: High CO: Hill AB: ?: The pictograph r is a representation of a head. In Hebrew thought all things are in motion. A mountain or hill is not inanimate but the head of the landscape rising up out of the ground. (eng: hill - an exchange for the l and r)
Jeff Brenner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
הַר m. with art. הָהָר, with ה local הָרָה Genesis 12:8, 19:17, 19 Genesis 19:19, etc. Once הֶרָה Genesis 14:10. Plur. הָּרִים constr. הָרֵי, with art. הֶהָרִים m.
a mountain, a primitive noun as if from a verb, Med. Gem. [so derived in Thes.], whence also הָרָר, הֶרֶר, also הוֹר which see. (Corresponding to this are Greek ὄρος, Slav. gora.) A word of very frequent occurrence; it often means a mountain tract of country, Genesis 14:10 hence הַר יְהוּדָה the mountainous district of the tribe of Judah, Joshua 15:48, seq.; also κατʼ ἐξοχὴν, הָהָר Joshua 10:40, 11:16 ἡ ὀρεινή, Luke 1:39, 65 הַר אֶפְרַיִם the mountainous district of Ephraim (see אֶפְרַיִם ). הַר הָאֱלֹהִים the mount of God, a name of
(a) Sinai, as the abode of Jehovah [at the giving of the law], Exodus 3:1, 4:27 18:5.
(b) Zion, Psalms 24:3; Isaiah 2:3 often called also the holy mountain of God (commonly הַר קָדְשִׁי, הַר קָדְשׁוֹ, so used that the suffix refers to God), Isaiah 11:9, 56:7 57:13 Psal. 2:6 15:1 43:3 Obadiah 1:16; Ezekiel 20:40. More fully Zion [Moriah rather] is called הַר בֵּית יְיָ Isaiah 2:2. (c) once the mountain of Bashan, i.e. Hermon, Psal. 68:16, as being a very lofty mountain.
(d) the holy land, as being mountainous [?] Isaiah 57:13 more often in plur. mountains of God, Isaiah 14:25, 65:9. Farther, as to the religion of the ancients, especially of the Hebrews [?], who regarded mountains as holy, and as the abodes of deities, see my remarks in Comment. on Isa. vol. it. p. 316, seq.; and in pref. to Gramberg’s book, Die Religionsideen des A. T. page xv. seq. [This would have much more to do with superstition and idolatry, than with revealed religion.] הַר הַמַּשְׁחִית the mountain, i.e. the fortress of the destroyer, used of Babylon, Jeremiah 51:25.
In proper names
(a) הַר חֶרֶם (“mount of the sun”), a city of [the territory afterwards belonging to] the Samaritans, Judges 1:35.
(b) הַר יְעָרִים, see יַעַר.
the Week of Proper 7 / Ordinary 12