Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #1656 - ἔλεος
- mercy: kindness or good will towards the miserable and the afflicted, joined with a desire to help them
- of men towards men: to exercise the virtue of mercy, show one's self merciful
- of God towards men: in general providence; the mercy and clemency of God in providing and offering to men salvation by Christ
- the mercy of Christ, whereby at his return to judgment he will bless true Christians with eternal life
I pity, mercy, compassion, Il. 24.44, etc.: also in pl., Pl. R. 6c6 c, D. 25.83; μ' ἔ. τινος ἐσῆλθε pity for.., E. IA 491; ἔλεον ποιήσασθαι ἐπί τινι D. 24.111; ἐλέου τυχεῖν παρά τινος Antipho 1.27: — later ἔλεος, τό, Plb. 1.88.2, LXX Genesis 19:19, etc.:pl., ἐλέη, τά, ib. Psalms 17:7(16).7; ἐ. ποιεῖν μετά τινος ib. Genesis 24:12, al. (but masc. is also found, ib. Psalms 83:12 (84). 12, Plb. 33.11.3, Agatharch. 83, Phld. Rh. 1.65 S., James 2:13, etc.).
II personified. worshipped at Athens, Sch. S. OC 260; at Epidaurus, IG 4.1282; Ἔ. ἐπιεικὴς θεός Timocl. 31.
III object of compassion, piteous thing, E. Or. 832.
ἔλεος , -ους , τό
(cl. -ου , ὁ , and so Rec., Matthew 9:13; Matthew 12:7; Matthew 23:23, Titus 3:5, Hebrews 4:16; on the Hellenistic form τό ἔ ., v. WH, App., 158; M, Pr., 60; Mayser, 277; Kühner, i, 515),
[in LXX chiefly for H2617;]
mercy, pity, compassion;
2. Of God: Luke 1:50; Luke 1:54; Luke 1:58, Romans 15:9, Ephesians 2:4, 2 Timothy 1:16; 2 Timothy 1:18, Titus 3:5, Hebrews 4:16, 1 Peter 1:3; esp. in benedictions, Galatians 6:16, 1 Timothy 1:2, 2 Timothy 1:2, 2 John 1:3, Judges 1:2; σκευὴ ἐλέους , Romans 9:23; σπλάγχνα ἐλέους , Luke 1:78; ποιεῖν ἔ . (v. supr.), Luke 1:72; τ . ὑμετέρῳ ἐλέει , Romans 11:31.
3. Of Christ: Judges 1:21.†
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
The masc. form of this word, which in the NT is wholly rejected by WH, and in the LXX is comparatively rare (e.g. Psa. 83꞉12 [MT Psalms 84:2]) : see further Thackeray Gr. i. p. 158) is found in Syll 376.21 καὶ νῦν δὲ οὐ δι᾽ ἔλεον ὑμᾶς, ἀλλὰ δι᾽ εὔνοιαν εὐεργετῶ, Nero’s address to the Greeks at Corinth : the Emperor’s composition master took care that he atticized properly in this great oration. For the word see also P Magd 18.6 (a petition—B.C. 221) ἵνα ὦ, βασιλεῦ, διὰ σοῦ τοῦ δικαίου καὶ ἐλέου τετευχὼς εἰς τὸ [λοι ]πὸν τοῦ βίου. The subst. remains neuter in MGr, cf. Hatzidakis Gr. p. 357, and see further Moulton Gr. ii. § 54.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
the First Week of Lent