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Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #6666 - צְדָקָה
1) justice, righteousness
1a) righteousness (in government)
1a1) of judge, ruler, king
1a2) of law
1a3) of Davidic king Messiah
1b) righteousness (of God’s attribute)
1c) righteousness (in a case or cause)
1d) righteousness, truthfulness
1e) righteousness (as ethically right)
1f) righteousness (as vindicated), justification, salvation
1f1) of God
1f2) prosperity (of people)
1g) righteous acts
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
(1) rectitude, right. (A trace of the original meaning is found in the phrase הֹלֵךְ צְדָקוֹת Isaiah 33:15.) 2 Samuel 19:29, “what right have I any more?” Nehemiah 2:20. Joel 2:23, הַמּוֹרֶה לִצְדָקָה “the early rain according to right,” i.e. the rain in just measure, as the ground naturally requires.
(2) justice, as of a king, Isaiah 9:6, 32:16, 17 Isaiah 32:17, 60:17 of God, Isaiah 59:16, 17 Isaiah 59:17 as shown both in punishing the wicked, Isaiah 5:16, 10:22, and in freeing, vindicating, and rewarding the godly, Psalms 24:5, 36:11. Pl. things done justly (benignantly), Psalms 11:7, 103:6 Judges 5:11, צִדְקוֹת פִּרְזֹנוֹ “his justice (acts of justice) towards his princes,” i.e. aid extended to them, victory, which he bestowed on them.
(3) In private persons, righteousness, piety, virtue, Isaiah 5:7, 28:17 46:12 54:14 59:14. עָשָׂה צְדָקָה Isaiah 56:1, 58:2. Genesis 15:6, “(God) reckoned it to him for righteousness,” took it as a proof of his probity or piety. [But see the true doctrine of “faith counted for righteousness,” Rom. iv.] Deuteronomy 6:25. Plur. צְדָקוֹת righteous acts, Isaiah 64:5. צִדְקַת יְהֹוָה piety such as pleases God, Psalms 5:9. Sometimes specially it is kindness and mercy, Psalms 11:7, 24:5 liberality [?], Proverbs 10:2; Micah 6:5. LXX. very often ἐλεημοσύνη, Deuteron. 6:25 24:13.
(4) welfare [?], i.q. צֶדֶק No. 4, which see (parall. יְשׁוּעָה, תְּשׁוּעָה), Isai. 45:8 46:13 48:18 51:6, Isaiah 51:8, 54:17 56:1 57:12 59:9, 17 Isaiah 59:17, 61:10, 11 Isaiah 61:11.
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