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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #1709 - ἐμπνέω

from (G1722) and (G4154)
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  1. to breathe in or on
  2. to inhale
    1. threatenings and slaughter were so to speak the element from which he drew his breath
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
ASV (1)
Acts 1
BSB (1)
Acts 1
CSB (1)
Acts 1
ESV (1)
Acts 1
KJV (1)
Acts 1
LEB (0)
The Lexham English Bible
did not use
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LSB (1)
Acts 1
N95 (1)
Acts 1
NAS (1)
Acts 1
NLT (1)
Acts 4
WEB (1)
Acts 1
YLT (1)
Acts 1
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions


poet. ἐμ-πνείω, fut. -πνεύσομαι E. Andr. 555; later -πνεύσω Aen.Gaz. 11:


1. blow or breathe upon, c. dat., πόντῳ Hes. Op. 508; ἐμπνείοντε μεταφρένῳ, of horses so close behind as to breathe upon one's back, Il. 17.502; of a lover, Hsch.; κατ' οὖρον, ὥσπερ ἱστίοις, ἐμπνεύσομαι τῇδε E.l.c.; ἄνεμος ἐμπνεύσας δορί Id. Cyc. 19; [ αὐλοῖς ] ἐμπνεῖν breathe into, play the flute, AP 9.266 (Antip.): c. acc. cogn., Χείλεσι μοῦσαν ἐ., of Pan, APl. 4.226 (Alc.): Pass., ἐμπνεόμενα ὄργανα Poll. 4.67; πνεῦμα -πνεόμενον τῷ αὐλῷ S.E. P. 1.54.

2. abs., breathe in, inhale, Hp. Flat. 4; but usu., breathe, live, be alive, A. Ag. 671, Ar. Th. 926, Pl. Ap. 29d, etc.; τὰ ἐμπνέοντα, = ἔμψυχα, Call. Iamb. 1.127; ἐ. τᾷ τέχνᾳ AP 9.777 (Phil.); of one expiring, βλέποντα κἀμπνέοντ' ἔτι S. Ph. 883; σμικρὸν ἐμπνέουσ' ἔτι E. Alc. 205; βραχὺν δὴ βίοτον ἐμπνέων ἔτι Id. Hipp. 1246.

3. c. gen., breathe of, be laden with, Ἀραβίης ὀδμῆς Perict. ap. Stob. 4.28.19; ἐ. ἀπειλῆς καὶ φόνου Acts 9:1.

II trans.,

1. blow into, ἄνεμος μέσον ἱστίον ἐ. swell the sail, h.Bacch. 33, cf. Pi. I. 2.40.

2. breathe into, infuse into, μένος, θάρσος. τινί, Il. 20.110, Od. 9.381, al.; [ Μοῦσαι ] ἐνέπνευσαν δέ μοι αὐδήν Hes. Th. 31; πατρὶ.. πατρὸς ἐνέπνευσεν μένος Pi. O. 8.70: also c. inf. pro acc., φᾶρος ἐνέπνευσε φρεσὶν ὑφαίνειν breathed into my mind (i.e. inspired me with the thought) to weave it, Od. 19.138: Pass., to be inspired, ὑπὸ θεοῦ Longin. 16.2; εἰς μαντικήν Plu. 2.421b.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

ἐμπνέω (T WH ἐνπνέω, see ἐν, III. 3);

1. to breathe in or on (from Homer down).

2. to inhale (Aeschylus, Plato, others); with partitive genitive, ἀπειλῆς καί φόνου, threatening and slaughter were so to speak the element from which he drew his breath, Acts 9:1; see Meyer at the passage, cf. Winers Grammar, § 30, 9c.; (Buttmann, 167 (146)); ἐμπνέον ζωῆς, the Sept. Joshua 10:40.

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

ἐν -πνέω , -

(Rec. ἐμπ -, see ἐν ),

[in LXX: Deuteronomy 20:16, Joshua 10:28 ff. Joshua 11:11; Joshua 11:14 (ptcp. neut., for H5315, H5397), Wisdom of Solomon 15:11 *;]

1. to breathe on.

2. to breathe;

(a) absol.;

(b) c. gen. part.: fig., ἀπειλῆς κ . φόνου , Acts 9:1.†

ἐμ -πνέω , - , see ἐν Papyri

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

Kaibel 562.9f. (ii/iii A.D.)—

ἐς δ᾽ ὅσον ἐνπνείει βίοτόν τε ἐπὶ ᾖμαρ ἐρύκει

δύσμορος ἀντλήσει πένθος ἀεξίβιον.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
εμπεποδοστάτηκάς εμπνέον έμπνεον εμπνέοντα εμπνέων ἐμπνέων εμποιή εμπολήσομεν ενεπόδιζον ενεπόδισθησαν ενπνεων ἐνπνέων empneon empneōn empnéon empnéōn
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