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Thursday, May 30th, 2024
the Week of Proper 3 / Ordinary 8
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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #1820 - ἐξαπορέομαι

Root Word (Etymology)
middle voice from (G1537) and (G639)
Parts of Speech
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  1. to be utterly at loss, be utterly destitute of measures or resources, to renounce all hope, be in despair
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 6323 ‑ פּוּן (poon);  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (2)
2 Corinthians 2
NAS (2)
2 Corinthians 2
HCS (2)
2 Corinthians 2
BSB (2)
2 Corinthians 2
ESV (2)
2 Corinthians 2
WEB (2)
2 Corinthians 2
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions


Middle voice from G1537 and G639

Thayer's Expanded Definition

ἐξαπορέω and (so in the Bible) deponent passive ἐξαπορέομαι, ἐξαποροῦμαι; 1 aorist ἐξηπορήθην; "to be utterly at a loss, be utterly destitute of measures or resources, to renounce all hope, be in despair" (cf. ἐκ, VI. 6) (Polybius, Diodorus, Plutarch, others): 2 Corinthians 4:8 (where it is distinguished from the simple ἀπορέομαι); τίνος of anything: τοῦ ζῆν, 2 Corinthians 1:8, on this genitive cf. Matthiae, ii., p. 828f (τοῦ ἀργυρίου, to be utterly in want of, Dionysius Halicarnassus 7, 18; active with the dative of respect, τοῖς λογισμοις, Polybius 1, 62, 1; once in the O. T. absolutely, Psalm 87:16 () 16).

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

ἐξ -απορέω , - ,

[in LXX, pass., for H6323, Psalms 88:15*;]

so in NT, depon. pass., to be utterly at a loss, be in despair: absol. (as Ps, l.c.), 2 Corinthians 4:8; τοῦ ζῆν , 2 Corinthians 1:8.†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

Moulton (Proleg. p. 237) claims the use of this verb in 2 Corinthians 4:8 as a good ex. of the ";perfectivising"; of an imperfective verb, the perfective ἐξ showing ";the ἀπορία in its final result of despair."; The verb is used in a weaker sense in P Eleph 2.10 (B.C. 285–4) where, amongst other testamentary dispositions, provision is made that if the parents are in want of anything—ἐὰν δέ τι ἐξαπορῶνται —they are to be provided for by their sons. In Syll 226.12 (iii/B.C.) it is used of the exhaustion of the public resources of Olbia—τῶν δὲ κοινῶν ἐξηπορημένων.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
εξαπορηθηναι εξαπορηθήναι ἐξαπορηθῆναι εξαπορουμενοι εξαπορούμενοι ἐξαπορούμενοι εξηπορήθην exaporethenai exaporethênai exaporēthēnai exaporēthē̂nai exaporoumenoi exaporoúmenoi
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