Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Strong's #1849 - ἐξουσία

Transliteration
exousía
Phonetics
ex-oo-see'-ah
Origin
from (G1832) (in the sense of ability)
Parts of Speech
Noun Feminine
TDNT
2:562,238
Definition
Thayer's
  1. power of choice, liberty of doing as one pleases
    1. leave or permission
  2. physical and mental power
    1. the ability or strength with which one is endued, which he either possesses or exercises
  3. the power of authority (influence) and of right (privilege)
  4. the power of rule or government (the power of him whose will and commands must be submitted to by others and obeyed)
    1. universally
      1. authority over mankind
    2. specifically
      1. the power of judicial decisions
      2. of authority to manage domestic affairs
    3. metonymically
      1. a thing subject to authority or rule 4c
    4. jurisdiction
      1. one who possesses authority 4c
    5. a ruler, a human magistrate 4c
    6. the leading and more powerful among created beings superior to man, spiritual potentates
    7. a sign of the husband's authority over his wife
      1. the veil with which propriety required a women to cover herself
    8. the sign of regal authority, a crown
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 1884 ‑ דְּתָבַר (deth‑aw‑bawr');  4475 ‑ מֶמְשָׁלָה (mem‑shaw‑law');  7982 ‑ שֶׁלֶט (sheh'‑let);  7985 ‑ שָׁלְטָן (shol‑tawn');  7989 ‑ שַׁלִּיט (shal‑leet');  8614 ‑ תִּפְתָּי (tif‑tah'ee);  
Frequency Lists  
  1. Book
  2. Word
  3. Parsing
KJV (102)
Matthew
10
Mark
10
Luke
15
John
8
Acts
7
Romans
6
1 Corinthians
10
2 Corinthians
2
Ephesians
4
Colossians
4
2 Thessalonians
1
Titus
1
Hebrews
1
1 Peter
1
Jude
1
Revelation
21
NAS (102)
Matthew
10
Mark
10
Luke
16
John
8
Acts
7
Romans
5
1 Corinthians
10
2 Corinthians
2
Ephesians
4
Colossians
4
2 Thessalonians
1
Titus
1
Hebrews
1
1 Peter
1
Jude
1
Revelation
21
HCS (102)
Matthew
10
Mark
10
Luke
16
John
8
Acts
7
Romans
5
1 Corinthians
10
2 Corinthians
2
Ephesians
4
Colossians
4
2 Thessalonians
1
Titus
1
Hebrews
1
1 Peter
1
Jude
1
Revelation
21
BSB (102)
Matthew
10
Mark
10
Luke
16
John
8
Acts
7
Romans
5
1 Corinthians
10
2 Corinthians
2
Ephesians
4
Colossians
4
2 Thessalonians
1
Titus
1
Hebrews
1
1 Peter
1
Jude
1
Revelation
21
ESV (92)
Matthew
6
Mark
10
Luke
13
John
7
Acts
6
Romans
5
1 Corinthians
10
2 Corinthians
2
Ephesians
4
Colossians
4
2 Thessalonians
1
Titus
1
Hebrews
1
1 Peter
1
Revelation
21
WEB (102)
Matthew
10
Mark
10
Luke
16
John
8
Acts
7
Romans
6
1 Corinthians
9
2 Corinthians
2
Ephesians
5
Colossians
4
Titus
1
Hebrews
1
1 Peter
1
Jude
1
Revelation
21
Verse Results
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

ἐξουσ-ία, ἡ,

(ἔξεστι)

I

1. power, authority to do a thing, c. inf., χαίρειν καὶ νοσεῖν ἐ. πάρεστι S. Fr. 88.11 codd.; αὐτῷ ἐ. ἦν σαφῶς εἰδέναι Antipho 1.6, cf. Th. 7.12; ἐξουσίαν ὁ νόμος δέδωκε permission to do.., Pl. Smp. 182e; ἐ. ποιεῖν Id. Cri. 51d, etc.; ἐ. λαβεῖν And. 2.28, X. Mem. 2.6.24, etc.; λαβὼν ἐ. ὥστε.. Isoc. 3.45; ἐπὶ τῇ τῆς εἰρήνης ἐ. with the freedom permitted by peace, D. 18.44: c. gen. objecti, ἐ. ἔχειν θανάτου power of life and death, Poll. 8.86; πρᾶγμα οὗ τὴν ἐ. ἔχουσιν ἄλλοι control over.., Diog.Oen. 57; ἐ. τινός power over, licence in a thing, τοῦ λέγειν Pl. Grg. 461e; ἐν μεγάλῃ ἐ. τοῦ ἀδικεῖν ib. 526a, cf. R. 554c; κατὰ τὴν οὐκ ἐ. τῆς ἀγωνίσεως from want of qualification for.., Th. 5.50: abs., power, authority, E. Fr. 784.

2. abuse of authority, licence, arrogance, ὕβρις καὶ ἐ. Th. 1.38, cf. 3.45, D. 19.200; ἡ ἄγαν ἐ. ib.272; ἄμετρος ἐ. OGI 669.51 (i A.D.).

3. Lit. Crit., ἐ. ποιητική poetic licence, Str. 1.2.17, Jul. Or. 1.10b.

II

1. office, magistracy, ἀρχαὶ καὶ ἐ. Pl. Alc. 1.135b; οἱ ἐν ταῖς ἐ. Arist. EN 1095b21; οἱ ἐν ἐ. ὄντες Id. Rh. 1384a1; οἱ ἐπ' ἐξουσιῶν LXX Daniel 3:2; ἡ ὑπατικὴ ἐ. the consulate, D.S. 14.113, etc.; also ἡ ὕπατος ἐ. D.H. 7.1; ἡ ταμιευτικὴ ἐ. the quaestorship, Id. 8.77; δημαρχικὴ ἐ., v. δημαρχικός; ἡ τοῦ θαλάμου ἐ., in the Roman empire, lordship of the bedchamber, Hdn. 1.12.3.

2. concrete, body of magistrates, D.H. 11.32; αἱ ἐ. (as we say) the authorities, Luke 12:11,al., Plu. Phil. 17. ἡ ἐ. as an honorary title, POxy. 1103 (iv A.D.), etc.

III abundance of means, resources, ἐξουσίας ἐπίδειξις Th. 6.31; πλοῦτος καὶ ἐ. Id. 1.123, cf. D. 21.138; ἐνδεεστέρως ἢ πρὸς τὴν ἐ. Th. 4.39; τῶν ἀναγκαίων ἐ. Pl. Lg. 828d; excessive wealth, opp. οὐσία, Com.Adesp. 25a.5D. pomp, Plu. Aem. 34.

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

ἐξουσία , -ας ,

(< ἐξεστι ),

[in LXX: 2 Kings 20:13, Psalms 114:2; Psalms 136:8-9, Isaiah 39:2, Jeremiah 51:28 (H4475), freq. in Da for Aram. H7985, etc., Wisdom of Solomon 10:14, Sirach 9:13, al.;]

1. prop., liberty or power to act, freedom to exercise the inward force or faculty expressed by δύναμις (q.v.): 1 Corinthians 9:12; . ἔχειν , 2 Thessalonians 3:9; id. seq. inf., John 10:18, 1 Corinthians 9:4-5; c. gen. obj., Romans 9:21; seq. ἐπί , c. acc, Revelation 22:14; περί , 1 Corinthians 7:37.

2. Later (cf. Milligan, Th., 114; MM, Exp., xiv), of the power of right, authority: Matthew 21:23, Mark 11:28, Luke 20:2; of Messianic authority, Matthew 9:6, Mark 2:10, al.; of apostolic authority, 2 Corinthians 10:8; 2 Corinthians 13:10; of the authority of government: Matthew 8:9; Matthew 28:18, Judges 1:25, Re:, al.; esp. of judicial authority, Luke 20:20, John 19:10-11

3. Metori.,

(a) jurisdiction: Luke 23:7 (cf. 1 Maccabees 6:11, Isaiah 39:2);

(b) a ruler or magistrate: Romans 13:1-3; p1., Luke 12:11, Romans 13:1, Titus 3:1;

(c) of supramundane powers (syn. with ἀρχή , δύναμις , θρόνος , κυριότης ): 1 Corinthians 15:24, Ephesians 1:21; Ephesians 3:10, Colossians 2:10, 1 Peter 3:22, al. (Cremer, 236).

SYN.: see δύναμις G1411.


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

For the primary meaning of this important word ";power of choice,"; ";liberty of action,"; cf. BGU IV. 1158.13 (B.C. 9), where it is joined with ἐγλογήμένε (ιν) περὶ ε ̣̈̀ατ (ὴν) Κορν (ηλίαν) τὴν ἐξουσία (ν) καὶ ἐγλογὴ (ν) ἑαυτὸν πράσσειν τὸ κεφά [λ ]αιο (ν). Hence the common usage in wills, contracts, and other legal documents, to denote the ";claim,"; or ";right,"; or ";control,"; one has over anything, e. g. P Oxy II. 272.13 (A.D. 66) ὁμολογ [ο ]ῦμεν ἔχειν σε ἐξουσί [αν σε ]αυτῆι τὴν ἀπ [αί ]τη [σ ]ιν ποιεῖσθαι παρὰ τοῦ Ἡρακλήου τῶν προκειμένων ἀργ (υρίου) (δραχμῶν), BGU I. 183.25 (A.D. 85) ἔχειν αὐτὴν τὴν ἐξουσίαν τῶν ἰδίων πάντων, P Tebt II. 319.21 (A.D. 248) ἐξουσίαν ἔχειν τῶν ἑαυτοῦ ὑπαρχόντων : see also Milligan ad 2 Thessalonians 3:9. For the definite idea of right given by law, see P Oxy II. 237vi. 17 (A.D. 186) ἀξιῶ τοῦ νόμου διδόντος μοι ἐξουσίαν κτλ. and ib. vii. 27, viii. 4 : cf. also ib. 259.18 (A.D. 23) where a man undertakes to produce a prisoner within a month—μὴ ἔχοντός μου ἐκξουσίαν (l. ἐξ —) χρόνον ἕτερον [κ ]τ ̣η ̣[σ ]εσθαι, ";as I have no power to obtain a further period of time."; In Syll 328.6 (B.C. 84) π ]ρὸς ἐμὲ ἦλθ [εν ἐ ]ν Ἀπαμηᾳ ἠρώτησέν τε [ὅπως ἂν ] ἐξουσίαν αὐ [τ ] [π ]οιήσω ἐπὶ τοῦ συν [βο ]υλίο [υ, where we seem at first to have the same construction as in Revelation 14:18, the editor understands the last words as = ";coram consilio."; The meaning ";power of rule,"; ";authority,"; appears in BGU IV. 1200.20 (B.C. 2) Ἡρακλείδης καὶ Διονύ [σιος. . .. . .] ἐξουσίαν ἔχοντες τῶν Ἀσκληπιάδου ἀνόμως ἀποδέδωκαν κτλ., P Ryl II. 81.8 (c. A.D. 104) τὴν γ ̣ὰρ ὅλου τοῦ πράγματος ἐξουσίαν τοῖς κατασ [π ]ορεῦσι ἐπεθέμην, P Giss I. 11.18 (A.D. 118) (= Chrest. I. p. 524) οὐκ ἀγνοεῖς ὅτι ἄλλας ὀκτὸ μυριάδες ἔχω πλο ̣ίων ὧν ἐξουσίαν ἔχω, and Wünsch AF 4.21 (iii/A.D.) ὁρκίζω σε τὸν θεὸν τὸν ἔχοντα τὴν ἐξουσίαν τῆς ὥρας ταύτης. For the general sense of exhibiting weight and authority, as in Mark 1:22, cf. P Fay 125.6 (ii/A.D.) ἀντιλαβὼν ἣν ἐξουσίαν ἔχεις, ";using all the influence you have"; (Edd.), and on the bearing of this meaning in the difficult 1 Corinthians 11:10, see Ramsay Cities, p. 202 ff., where it is shown that, in accordance with the Oriental view, ";a woman’s authority and dignity vanish along with the all-covering veil that she discards."; In P Par 63.176 (B.C. 164) (= P Petr III. p. 34) we have ἕτερός τις ἐμ βαρυ [τέ ]ραι κείμενος ἐξουσίαι, ";any other persons in high office"; (Mahaffy), and for the reference of the word to civil magistracy or rule, as in Romans 13:1, see P Lond 1178.9 (A.D. 194) (= III. p. 215, Selections, p. 98) δημαρχικῆς ἐξουσίας, the tribunicia potestas of Claudius, and cf. P Oxy VI. 904.7 ff. (petition to a preses—v/A.D.) ὅθεν τὰς ἱκεσίας προσφέρω τῇ ὑμετέρᾳ ἐξουσίᾳ. . . ἵνα κἀγὼ τούτου τυχὼν εὐχαριστήσω ταῖς ἀκλεινεῖς (l. ἀκλινέσι) ἀκοαῖς τῆς ὑμετέρας ἐξουσίας, ";accordingly I make my entreaties to your highness . . in order that having gained my request I may bless the impartial ears of your highness"; (Edd.).

In an interesting note in his Poimandres, p. 48 n..3, Reitzenstein claims that in the NT, as in the Hermes dialogue, the idea of ";knowledge"; is mingled with that of ";power.";

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
εξουσια εξουσιά εξουσία ἐξουσία ἐξουσίᾳ εξουσιαι εξουσίαι ἐξουσίαι εξουσιαις εξουσίαις ἐξουσίαις εξουσιαν εξουσίαν ἐξουσίαν εξουσιας εξουσίας ἐξουσίας εξουσιων εξουσιών ἐξουσιῶν exousia exousía exousiai exousíai exousíāi exousiais exousíais exousian exousían exousias exousías exousion exousiôn exousiōn exousiō̂n
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org. Copyright 1999-2021. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
Search for…
 or 
Choose a letter to browse: