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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #1918 - ἐπιγαμβρεύω

from (G1909) and a derivative of (G1062)
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  1. to be related to by marriage, enter into affinity with
    1. become any one's father-in-law or son-in-law
    2. to marry the widow of a brother who has died childless
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 2859 ‑ חָתַן (khaw‑than');  2992 ‑ יָבַם (yaw‑bam');  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (1)
Matthew 1
NAS (1)
Matthew 1
HCS (1)
Matthew 1
BSB (1)
Matthew 1
WEB (0)
WEB (1)
Matthew 1
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions



1. become son-in-law, τῷ βασιλεῖ LXX 1 Samuel 18:22, cf. Lyd. Mens. 1.13.

2.. become father-in-law, τινί LXX 1 Maccabees 10:54; 1 Maccabees 10:56.

II. ἐ. γυναῖκα take a woman to wife as her husband's next of kin, ib. Genesis 38:8 (v.l.), Matthew 22:24.

III. Med., intermarry with, LXX Genesis 34:9, 2 Chronicles 18:1.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

ἐπιγαμβρεύω: future ἐπιγαμβρεύσω; to be related to by marriage, enter into affinity with;

1. The Sept. for הִתְחַתֵּן, to become anyone's father-in-law or son-in-law: τίνι, Genesis 34:9; 1 Samuel 18:22ff; 2 Chronicles 18:1; 2 Esdr. 9:14; 1 Macc. 10:54, 56.

2. τινα, for יִבֵּם, to marry the widow of a brother who has died childless: Genesis 38:8; Matthew 22:24, where allusion is made to the levirate law recorded in Deuteronomy 25:5-10; cf. Winers RWB, under the word Leviratsehe; (BB. DD., under the word ). (Not found in native Greek authors (except sehol. ad Euripides, Or. 574ff; cf. with 26).)

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

ἐπι -γαμβρεύω

(< γαμβρός , a connection by marriage),

[in LXX: Genesis 34:9, 1 Samuel 18:21 ff., 2 Chronicles 18:1, Ezra 9:14 (H2859 hithp.), Genesis 38:8 R (H2992 pi.), 1 Maccabees 10:54-56 *;]

1. to enter into affinity with: c. dat. (LXX, ll. c., exc. Genesis 38:8).

2. to marry (as deceased husband's next of kin, cf. Genesis 38:8): c. acc, Matthew 22:24.†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

For this terminus technicus which is used c. acc. in sense of ";take to wife after"; in Matthew 22:24, under the influence of Genesis 38:8, see Anz Subsidia, p. 378. Elsewhere in the LXX (e.g. 1 Kings 18:22) it represents the Heb. הִתֲחתֵּן = ";become son-in-law.";


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
επιγαμβρεύεται επιγαμβρεύσαι επιγάμβρευσαι επιγαμβρεύσασθε επιγαμβρεύσατο επιγαμβρευσει επιγαμβρεύσει ἐπιγαμβρεύσει επιγαμβρεύσεις επιγάμβρευσον επιγαμίας epigambreusei epigambreúsei
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