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Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical DictionaryHebrew Lexicon

Strong's #2859 - חָתַן

Transliteration
châthan
Phonetics
khaw-than'
Root Word (Etymology)
a primitive root
Parts of Speech
verb
TWOT
781b
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חָתָן
Definition   
Brown-Driver-Briggs'

1) to become a son-in-law, make oneself a daughter’s husband

1a) (Qal) wife’s father, wife’s mother, father-in-law, mother-in-law (participle)

1b) (Hithpael) to make oneself a daughter’s husband

Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 1918 ‑ ἐπιγαμβρεύω (ep‑ee‑gam‑bryoo'‑o);  3995 ‑ πενθερός (pen‑ther‑os');  3994 ‑ πενθερά (pen‑ther‑ah');  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (33)
Genesis 1
Exodus 15
Numbers 1
Deuteronomy 2
Joshua 1
Judges 5
1 Samuel 5
1 Kings 1
2 Chronicles 1
Ezra 1
NAS (18)
Genesis 1
Deuteronomy 1
Joshua 1
1 Samuel 9
1 Kings 3
2 Chronicles 2
Ezra 1
CSB (33)
Genesis 1
Exodus 15
Numbers 1
Deuteronomy 2
Joshua 1
Judges 5
1 Samuel 5
1 Kings 1
2 Chronicles 1
Ezra 1
BSB (33)
Genesis 1
Exodus 15
Numbers 1
Deuteronomy 2
Joshua 1
Judges 5
1 Samuel 5
1 Kings 1
2 Chronicles 1
Ezra 1
ESV (18)
Genesis 1
Numbers 1
Deuteronomy 2
Joshua 1
Judges 5
1 Samuel 5
1 Kings 1
2 Chronicles 1
Ezra 1
WEB (33)
Genesis 1
Exodus 15
Numbers 1
Deuteronomy 2
Joshua 1
Judges 5
1 Samuel 5
1 Kings 1
2 Chronicles 1
Ezra 1
Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

2224) nth (ההתנ HhTN) AC: Relate CO: Wedding AB: In-law: A relating to another through marriage. [from: th- taking hold]

V) nth (ההתנ HhTN) - Relate: To have a relationship with another through marriage. KJV (33): (vf: Paal, Hitpael, Participle) in-law, affinity, marriage - Strongs: H2859 (חָתַן)

Nm) nth (ההתנ HhTN) - In-law: One related by marriage. KJV (20): in-law, bridegroom, husband - Strongs: H2860 (חָתָן)

Nf1) enth (ההתנה HhTNH) - Wedding: KJV (1): espousal - Strongs: H2861 (חֲתֻנָּה)

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2024
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
 חֹתֵן verbal noun 1. masculine wife's father (Arabic a circumciser, hence father-in-law, with reference to circumcision performed on young men just before marriage; relation on wife's side; see We Prol. 1886,355 Anm, 1; Skizzen iii, 154 Sta ZAW 1886. 143Aum. ZMG 1886,187; otherwise Dl Proverbs 91 Lag BN 116) — construct חֹתֵן Exodus 18:1 + 9t., חֹתֶנְךָ Exodus 18:6, חֹתְנוֺ Exodus 3:1+ 9t.; — usually of Moses' wife's father Exodus 3:1; Exodus 4:18; Exodus 18:1,2,5,6,7,8,12 (twice in verse); Exodus 18:14; Exodus 18:15; Exodus 18:17; Exodus 18:24; Exodus 18:27 (all E), Numbers 10:29 (J), Judges 1:16; Judges 4:11; of a Levite Judges 19:4,7,9.

2. feminine wife's mother, only suffix חֹתַנְתּוֺ Deuteronomy 27:23.

II. חתן verb denominative only

Hithpa`el make oneself a daughter's husband (Late Hebrew Hithpa`el id., Aramaic Ithpa`al id.) — Perfect 2 masculine plural וְהִתְחַתַּנְתֶּם consecutive Joshua 23:12; Imperfect וַיִּתְחַתֵּן 1 Kings 3:1; 2 Chronicles 18:1; 2 masculine תִּתְחַתֵּן Deuteronomy 7:3; 1 Samuel 18:21; Imperative הִתְחַתֵּן 1 Samuel 18:22, הִתְחַתְּנוּ Genesis 34:9; Infinitive הִתְחַתֵּן 1 Samuel 18:23 3t.; —

1 make oneself daughter's husband ( Song of Solomon -in-law) to, with בְּ 1 Samuel 18:21,22,23,26,27; with אֶת 1 Kings 3:1; Genesis 34:9 (P); with לְ 2 Chronicles 18:1, of marriage of Jehoshaphat's son and Ahab's daughter (compare 2 Kings 8:18 2 Chronicles 21:6).

2 in General form marriage-alliance with, with בְּ Deuteronomy 7:3; Joshua 23:12 (D), Ezra 9:14.


Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

חָתַן (1)  to give one’s daughter in marriage (verhehrathen). Hence part. Kal חֹתֵן a father-in-law, the wife’s father (a husband’s father is called חָם), who gives his daughter in marriage. חֹתֵן משֶׁה the father-in-law of Moses, Exodus 18:1; Judges 19:4, seq. Fem. חֹתֶנֶת a mother-in-law, wife’s mother. Deuteronomy 27:25.

(2) to take in marriage, hehrathen. Hence חָתָן, חֲתֻנָּה.

Hithpael, to give daughters in marriage to one another, [“to give or receive a daughter in marriage”]; to join affinity, followed by אֵת, with any one, Genesis 34:9; 1 Kings 3:1 בְּ Deuteronomy 7:3; Joshua 23:12; 1 Samuel 18:22, 23 1 Samuel 18:23, 26 1 Samuel 18:26, 27 1 Samuel 18:27; Ezra 9:14 לְ 2 Chronicles 18:1. (Arab. ختن Conj. III. id., خَتَنُ a son-in-law, connection by marriage [“father-in-law”].) [“Further this root signifies, Conj. I. to circumcise an infant; خِتَانُ circumcision, place of circumcision خَتِينُ, مختون a circumcised infant. These significations are shown to be joined together by a common bond, not only by Exodus 4:25 (see below in חָתָן ) but also by ختن Conj. I. to provide a nuptial feast, or a feast at the circumcision of an infant, خَتَنُ, خِتَانُ a feast at a circumcision. The primary and genuine meaning may be to cut off, to circumcise, another trace of which is in ختن to diminish, خَتْنُ a cutting off (comp. the roots קָטַן, חָתַךְ, and others which begin with the syllable kat); and then the word used for the festival of circumcision was applied to that of a marriage.” Thes.]


These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available BibleSupport.com
List of Word Forms
הִתְחַתֵּ֣ן הִתְחַתֵּ֥ן התחתן וְהִֽתְחַתְּנ֖וּ וְהִֽתְחַתַּנְתֶּ֥ם וַיִּתְחַתֵּ֖ן וַיִּתְחַתֵּ֣ן וּ֨לְהִתְחַתֵּ֔ן והתחתנו והתחתנתם ויתחתן ולהתחתן חֹֽתְנ֗וֹ חֹֽתְנוֹ֙ חֹֽתַנְתּ֑וֹ חֹתְנ֑וֹ חֹתְנ֔וֹ חֹתְנ֖וֹ חֹתְנ֣וֹ חֹתֵ֣ן חֹתֵ֥ן חֹתֵ֨ן חֹתֶנְךָ֥ חתן חתנו חתנך חתנתו לְהִתְחַתֵּ֖ן לְחֹ֣תְנ֔וֹ לְחֹתְנ֑וֹ להתחתן לחתנו תִּתְחַתֵּ֥ן תִתְחַתֵּ֖ן תתחתן chotanTo choTen chotenCha choteNo hiṯ·ḥat·tên hitchatTen hiṯḥattên ḥō·ṯan·tōw ḥō·ṯə·nōw ḥō·ṯên ḥō·ṯen·ḵā ḥōṯantōw ḥōṯên ḥōṯenḵā ḥōṯənōw lə·hiṯ·ḥat·tên lə·ḥō·ṯə·nōw leChoteNo lehitchatTen ləhiṯḥattên ləḥōṯənōw tiṯ·ḥat·tên ṯiṯ·ḥat·tên titchatTen tiṯḥattên ṯiṯḥattên ū·lə·hiṯ·ḥat·tên ulehitchatTen ūləhiṯḥattên vaiyitchatTen vehitchattanTem vehitchatteNu way·yiṯ·ḥat·tên wayyiṯḥattên wə·hiṯ·ḥat·tan·tem wə·hiṯ·ḥat·tə·nū wəhiṯḥattantem wəhiṯḥattənū
 
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