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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Strong's #1939 - ἐπιθυμία

Transliteration
epithymía
Phonetics
ep-ee-thoo-mee'-ah
Origin
from (G1937)
Parts of Speech
Noun Feminine
TDNT
3:168,339
Definition
Thayer's
  1. desire, craving, longing, desire for what is forbidden, lust
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 183 ‑ אָוָה (aw‑vaw');  185 ‑ אַוָּה (av‑vaw');  827 ‑ אַשְׁפָּה (ash‑paw');  2530 ‑ חָמַד (khaw‑mad');  2531 ‑ חֶמֶד (kheh'‑med);  2837 ‑ חֵשֶׁק (khay'‑shek);  3700 ‑ כָּסַף (kaw‑saf');  3824 ‑ לֵבָב (lay‑bawb');  5716 ‑ עֲדִי (ad‑ee');  7522 ‑ רָצֹן (raw‑tsone', raw‑tsone');  8378 ‑ תַּאֲוָה (tah‑av‑aw');  
Frequency Lists  
  1. Book
  2. Word
  3. Parsing
KJV (38)
Mark
1
Luke
1
John
1
Romans
5
Galatians
2
Ephesians
2
Philippians
1
Colossians
1
1 Thessalonians
2
1 Timothy
1
2 Timothy
3
Titus
2
James
2
1 Peter
4
2 Peter
4
1 John
3
Jude
2
Revelation
1
NAS (38)
Mark
1
Luke
1
John
1
Romans
5
Galatians
2
Ephesians
2
Philippians
1
Colossians
1
1 Thessalonians
2
1 Timothy
1
2 Timothy
3
Titus
2
James
2
1 Peter
4
2 Peter
4
1 John
3
Jude
2
Revelation
1
HCS (37)
Mark
1
John
1
Romans
5
Galatians
2
Ephesians
2
Philippians
1
Colossians
1
1 Thessalonians
2
1 Timothy
1
2 Timothy
3
Titus
2
James
2
1 Peter
4
2 Peter
4
1 John
3
Jude
2
Revelation
1
BSB (38)
Mark
1
Luke
1
John
1
Romans
5
Galatians
2
Ephesians
2
Philippians
1
Colossians
1
1 Thessalonians
2
1 Timothy
1
2 Timothy
3
Titus
2
James
2
1 Peter
4
2 Peter
4
1 John
3
Jude
2
Revelation
1
ESV (32)
Mark
1
Luke
1
John
1
Romans
4
Galatians
2
Ephesians
2
Philippians
1
Colossians
1
1 Thessalonians
2
1 Timothy
1
2 Timothy
3
Titus
2
James
2
1 Peter
2
2 Peter
3
1 John
3
Revelation
1
WEB (35)
Mark
1
Luke
2
Romans
4
Galatians
2
Ephesians
2
Philippians
1
Colossians
1
1 Thessalonians
1
1 Timothy
1
2 Timothy
3
Titus
2
James
2
1 Peter
4
2 Peter
4
1 John
3
Jude
1
Revelation
1
Verse Results
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

ἐπιθῡμ-ία,

Ion. -ιη, ἡ,

I

1. desire, yearning, ἐ. ἐκτελέσαι Hdt. 1.32; ἐπιθυμίᾳ by passion, opp. προνοίᾳ, Th. 6.13: generally, appetite, Pl. Cra. 419d, etc.; αἱ κατὰ τὸ σῶμα ἐ. Id. Phd. 82c; esp. sexual desire, lust, Democr. 234 (pl.), Pl. Phdr. 232b, etc.; αἱ πρὸς τοὺς παῖδας ἐ. X. Lac. 2.14.

2.. c. gen., longing after a thing, desire of or for it, ὕδατος, τοῦ πιεῖν, Th. 2.52, 7.84, etc.; τοῦ πλέονος Democr. 224; τῆς τιμωρίας Antipho 2.1.7; τῆς μεθ' ὑμῶν πολιτείας And. 2.10; τῆς παρθενίας Pl. Cra. 406b; εἰς ἐ. τινὸς ἐλθεῖν Id. Criti. 113d; ἐν ἐ. τινὸς εἶναι Id. Prt. 318a, Tht. 143e; γεγονέναι Id. Lg. 841c; εἰς ἐ. τινὸς ἀφικέσθαι θεάσασθαι Id. Ti. 19b; ἐ. τινὸς ἐμβαλεῖν τινί X. Cyr. 1.1.5; ἐ. ἐμποιεῖν ἔς τινα an inclination towards.., Th. 4.81.

II. = ἐπιθύμημα, object of desire, ἐπιθυμίας τυχεῖν Thalesap. Stob. 3.1.172, cf. Lync. ap. Ath. 7.295a; ἀνδρὸς ἐ., of woman, Secund. Sent. 8; πενήτων ἐ., of sleep, prob. in ib. 13.

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

ἐπιθυμία , -ας ,

(< έπιθυμέω ),

[in LXX chiefly for H8378, H183; also for H2531, etc.;]

desire, longing: Luke 22:15 (see ἐπιθυμέω ), Philippians 1:23, 1 Thessalonians 2:17, Revelation 18:14; p1., Mark 4:19; esp. with ref. to forbidden things, desire, lust (Vg., concupiscentia): Romans 7:7-8, James 1:14-15, 2 Peter 1:4; pl., Galatians 5:24, 1 Timothy 6:9, 2 Timothy 2:22; 2 Timothy 4:3, 1 Peter 1:14; 1 Peter 4:2; πάθος ἐπιθυμίας , 1 Thessalonians 4:5; . κακή , Colossians 3:5; c. gen., μιασμοῦ , 2 Peter 2:10 (v. Mayor, in l); τ . καρδιῶν , Romans 1:24; τ . κόσμου (aroused by the world), 1 John 2:17; τ . σώματος , Romans 6:12; τ . ἀπάτης , Ephesians 4:22 (v. ICC, in l); τ . σαρκός , 1 John 2:16, 2 Peter 2:18 (without art.), Galatians 5:16; τ . ὀφθαλμῶν , 1 John 2:16; σαρκικαὶ ἐ ., 1 Peter 2:11 (cf. 4 Maccabees 1:32); κοσμικαί , Titus 2:12; εἰς ἐπιθυμίας , Romans 13:14; ποιεῖν τὰς ἐ ., John 8:44; ὑπακούειν ταῖς ἐ ., Romans 6:12; δουλεύειν , ἄγεσθαι , ἐπιθυμίαις , Titus 3:3, 2 Timothy 3:6; πορεύειθαι ἐν ἐ ., 1 Peter 4:3; κατά , Judges 1:16; Judges 1:18, 2 Peter 3:3; ἀναστρέφεσθαι ἐν ταῖς ἐ ., Ephesians 2:3.†

SYN.: πάθος G3806 (q.v.), ὄρεξις G3715.


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

ἐπιθυμία in the widest sense of ";desire,"; which Hort finds even in James 1:14, may be illustrated from P Giss I. 79 iii. 16 (c. A.D. 117) δι᾽ ἣν ἕξομεν εὐω [νεῖν κατ᾽ ἐπ ]ιθυμίαν σου, ";and then we shall be able to buy cheaply in accordance with your desire"; (ἀθυμέω = ";draw back,"; ";hesitate,"; occurs in the same document : see s.v.), BGU III. 970.25 (ii/A.D.) μεταδῶναί μοι ἀντίρρησιν. . . πρὸς τὴν ἰδίαν ἐπιθυμίαν, and Syll 366.12 (c. A.D. 38) (λ)είπτοις (";steadfast";) ἐκείνου τῆς ἐπιθυμίας βουλήμασιν. See also the iii/A.D. love-spell from Hadrumetum edited by Deissmann BS, p. 273 ff., where the forsaken husband is described as.7 f—ἐρῶντα μαινόμενον ἀγρυπνο [ῦν ]τα ἐπὶ τῇ φιλίᾳ αὐτῆς καὶ ἐπιθυμίᾳ, ";loving, frantic, sleepless with love and desire for her.";

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
επέθυεν επιθυμια επιθυμία ἐπιθυμία Ἐπιθυμίᾳ επιθυμιαι επιθυμίαι ἐπιθυμίαι επιθυμιαις επιθυμίαις ἐπιθυμίαις επιθυμιαν επιθυμίαν ἐπιθυμίαν επιθυμιας επιθυμίας ἐπιθυμίας επιθυμιων επιθυμιών ἐπιθυμιῶν επιθύοντας επιθύσαι epithumia epithumiai epithumiais epithumian epithumias epithumion epithumiōn epithymia epithymía epithymiai epithymíai Epithymíāi epithymiais epithymíais epithymian epithymían epithymias epithymías epithymion epithymiôn epithymiōn epithymiō̂n
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org. Copyright 1999-2021. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
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