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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #1969 - ἐπιπλήσσω

from (G1909) and (G4141)
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  1. to strike upon, beat upon
  2. to chastise with words, to chide, upbraid, rebuke
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
ASV (1)
1 Timothy 1
BSB (1)
1 Timothy 1
CSB (1)
1 Timothy 1
ESV (1)
1 Timothy 1
KJV (1)
1 Timothy 1
LEB (0)
The Lexham English Bible
did not use
this Strong's Number
LSB (2)
1 Timothy 2
N95 (2)
1 Timothy 2
NAS (2)
1 Timothy 2
NLT (1)
1 Timothy 6
WEB (1)
1 Timothy 1
YLT (1)
1 Timothy 1
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions


I Att. ἐπιπλήρ-ττω, strike, τόξῳ ἐπιπλήσσων Il. 10.500; ὑπέροισιν Nic. Th. 952.


1. punish, chastise, esp. with words, rebuke. reprove, c.acc.pers., καί μ' οὔ τινά φημι ἄλλον ἐπιπλήξειν Il. 23.580, cf. Pl. Prt. 327a: c. dat., Ἕκτορ, ἀεὶ μέν πώς μοι ἐπιπλήσσεις Il. 12.211, cf. Isoc. 1.31; ἐμαυτῷ Pl. Lg. 805b, cf. 1 Timothy 5:1, etc.; ἐπί τινι for a thing, Pl. Plt. 286b: Pass., to be rebuked, Id. Grg. 478e.

2.. ἐ. τινί τι cast a thing in one's teeth, Hdt. 3.142, 7.136; τὴν.. αὐθαδίαν.. μὴ 'πίπλησσέ μοι A. Pr. 80; ἐ. τινὶ τοῦτο, ὅτι.. Pl. Prt. 319d: c. acc. rei only, τί τόδ' ἐπέπληξας; S. OC 1730 (lyr.): abs., Id. Aj. 288, X. Oec. 13.12, etc.

III. intr., fall upon, ἀρούραις Arat. 1095.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

ἐπιπλήσσω: 1 aorist ἐπεπληξα;

a. properly, to strike upon, beat upon: Homer, Iliad 10, 500.

b. tropically, to chastise with words, to chide, upbraid, rebuke: 1 Timothy 5:1. (Homer, Iliad 12, 211; Xenophon, Plato, Polybius, others.)

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

* ἐπι -πλήσσω ,

1. to strike at, to punish.

2. to rebuke, reprove: 1 Timothy 5:1.†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

This NT ἅπ. εἰρ. = ";rebuke,"; ";reprove"; (1 Timothy 5:1), may be illustrated by BGU IV. 1138.22 (B.C. 19) καὶ αὐτὸ (ν) ̣π ̣ι ̣π ̣λ ̣ ̣ξ ̣αι καταξίως, and P Flor II. 241.2 (A.D. 254) . . . απιτ. . ν ἢ τοὺς σὺν αὐτῷ ἐπιπλήσσιν, where the editor translates ";punish."; The same strong sense appears in the use of the subst. (cf. 2 Maccabees 7:33) in P Tebt I. 41.23 (c. B.C. 119) τύχηι τῆς ἁρμοζούσης ἐπιπλήξεως, ";may receive suitable punishment"; (Edd.), and so P Tor I. 1 iii. 14 (B.C. 117–6). A good parallel to the NT passage is afforded by Epict. Ench. xxxiii. 16 with reference to approaches to indecent speech—ἂν μὲν εὔκαιρον η, καὶ ἐπίπληξον τῷ προελθόντι, ";rebuke him who makes the approach"; (see Sharp Epict. p. 72 f.), and for the sense of severity in the word cf. Eustath. on Hom. Il. x. 500 τὸ ἐπιπλ. καὶ κόπτειν λέγεταιἔτι δὲ καὶ μαστίζεινἀφ᾽ οὗ καὶ τὸ λόγοις ἐπιπλήσσειν εἴρηται (cited by Wetstein ad 1 Timothy 5:1). See also Field Notes, p. 209.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
επιπληξης επιπλήξης ἐπιπλήξῃς epiplḗxeis epiplḗxēis epiplexes epiplēxēs
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