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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #1968 - ἐπιπίπτω

Root Word (Etymology)
from (G1909) and (G4098)
Parts of Speech
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  1. to fall upon, to rush or press upon
    1. to lie upon one
    2. to fall into one's embrace
    3. to fall back upon
  2. metaph.
    1. to fall upon one i.e. to seize, take possession of him
      1. of the Holy Spirit, in his inspiration and impulse
      2. of reproaches cast upon one
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 1058 ‑ בָּכָה (baw‑kaw');  2505 ‑ חָלַק (khaw‑lak');  4448 ‑ מָלַל (maw‑lal');  5307 ‑ נָפַל (naw‑fal');  5956 ‑ עָלַם (aw‑lam');  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (13)
Mark 1
Luke 2
John 1
Acts 8
Romans 1
NAS (10)
Mark 2
Luke 1
Acts 5
Romans 1
Revelation 1
CSB (11)
Mark 1
Luke 2
Acts 6
Romans 1
Revelation 1
BSB (11)
Mark 1
Luke 2
Acts 6
Romans 1
Revelation 1
ESV (11)
Mark 1
Luke 2
Acts 7
Romans 1
WEB (12)
Mark 1
Luke 2
John 1
Acts 7
Romans 1
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions



1. fall upon or over, ἐπέπιπτον ἀλλήλοις Th. 7.84; ἐπί τι X. Oec. 18.7, cf. Thphr. CP 5.4.5: metaph., ἐπέπεσε μοῖρα Pi. Pae. 2.64; ἐπί τι Isoc. 5.89; διαλογισμοὶ ἐπιπίπτουσί τινι Plu. Oth. 9.

2.. of money, accrue, τὸ μέρος ὃ εὑρίσκομες ἐπιπῖπτον ἐπὶ τὸ χρέος τὸ ὀφειλόμενον SIG 953.66 (Cnidus, ii B.C.).


1. fall upon in hostile sense, attack, assail, τινί Hdt. 4.105, Th. 3.112; ἀφυλάκτῳ αὐτῷ ἐ. Hdt. 9.116; ἀφάρκτῳ τῷ στρατοπέδῳ Th. 1.117; ἀπαρασκεύοις τοῖς ἐναντίοις X. Cyr. 7.4.3; also ἐς τοὺς Ἕλληνας, v.l. for ἐς-, Hdt. 7.210; of storms, τοῖσι βαρβάροισι ὁ βορῆς ἐπέπεσε ib. 189; χειμὼν ἐπιπεσών Pl. Prt. 344d; of winds meeting one another, Arist. Mete. 364b3; of diseases, Hp. Aër. 3; ἡ νόσος ἐ. τοῖς Ἀθηναίοις Th. 3.87; so of grief, misfortunes, etc., οὐχὶ σοὶ μόνᾳ ἐπέπεσον λῦπαι E. Andr. 1043 (lyr.), etc.; ἐπέπεσε πολλὰ καὶ χαλεπὰ κατὰ στάσιν ταῖς πόλεσι Th. 3.82, etc.

2.. come on after, ἐ. ῥῖγος πυρετῷ Hp. Aph. 4.46.

3.. accumulate, πλήθη σίτου ἐπιπεπτωκέναι PPetr. 2p.62 (iii B.C.).

Thayer's Expanded Definition

ἐπιπίπτω; 2 aorist ἐπέπεσον, 3 person plural ἐπέπεσαν, Romans 15:3 L T Tr WH (cf. ἀπέρχομαι at the beginning); perfect participle ἐπιπεπτωκως; (see πίπτω); the Sept. for נָפַל; to fall upon; to rush or press upon;

a. properly: τίνι, upon one, Mark 3:10; to lie upon one, Acts 20:10; ἐπί τόν τράχηλον τίνος, to fall into one's embrace, Luke 15:20; Acts 20:37 (Genesis 46:29; Tobit 11:8, 12; 3Macc. 5:49); to fall back upon, ἐπί τό στῆθος τίνος, John 13:25 R G T.

b. metaphorically, ἐπί τινα, to fall upon one, i. e. to seize, take possession of him: φόβος, Luke 1:12; Acts 19:17 (L Tr ἔπεσεν); Revelation 11:11 L T Tr WH; ἔκστασις, Acts 10:10 Rec.; ἀχλύς, Acts 13:11 (R G). used also of the Holy Spirit, in its inspiration and impulse: ἐπί τίνι, Acts 8:16; ἐπί τινα, (Lachmann ἔπεσε); (Ezekiel 11:5); of reproaches cast upon one: Romans 15:3. (Noteworthy is the absolutely use in Acts 23:7 WH marginal reading ἐπέπεσεν (others, ἐγένετο) στάσις. (From Herodotus down.))

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

ἐπι -πίπτω ,

[in LXX chiefly for H5307;]

to fall upon (Field, Notes, 25): c. dat. pers., Mark 3:10 (v. Swete, in l), Acts 20:10; seq. ἐπὶ τ . τράχηλον (as Genesis 46:29, Tobit 11:8, 3 Maccabees 5:49, al.), Luke 15:20, Acts 20:37. Metaph., φόβος , Luke 1:12, Acts 19:17, Revelation 11:11; ὀνειδισμοί , Romans 15:3 (LXX); of the Holy Spirit: seq. ἐπί , c. dat., Acts 8:16; ἐπί , c. acc, Acts 10:44; Acts 11:15; absol., Acts 23:7.†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

The idea of ";hostility"; appears in P Petr II. 18(2b).14 (B.C. 246) καὶ ἐπιπεσὼν ἔτυπτεν [αὐ ]τ [ ]ν κατὰ τοῦ τραχήλου : cf. P Flor II. 168.4 (iii/A.D.). In illustration of Mark 3:10 Field Notes, p. 25, aptly cites Thuc. vii. 84 ἄθροοι γὰρ ἀναγκαζόμενοι χωρεῖν ἐπέπιπτόν τε ἀλλήλοις καὶ κατεπάτουν. The subst. ἐπίπτωμα is found in PSI III. 252.28 (iii/A.D. ?) as a medical term; cf. Hobart, p. 44, on the use of the verb in the TR of Acts 13:11.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
επεπεσαν επεπεσάν επέπεσαν ἐπέπεσαν επέπεσε επεπεσεν επέπεσεν ἐπέπεσεν επέπεσον επιπεπτώκασί επιπέπτωκε επιπεπτώκει επιπεπτωκος επιπεπτωκός ἐπιπεπτωκός επιπεσείν επιπεσείται επιπέση επιπέσοι επιπεσοντες επιπεσόντες ἐπιπεσόντες επιπεσών επιπίπτει επιπιπτειν επιπίπτειν ἐπιπίπτειν επιπίπτετε επιπίπτη επιπίπτων epepesan epépesan epepesen epépesen epipeptokos epipeptokós epipeptōkos epipeptōkós epipesontes epipesóntes epipiptein epipíptein
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