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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #1978 - ἐπίσημος

from (G1909) and some form of the base of (G4591)
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  1. having a mark on it, marked, stamped, coined
  2. marked
    1. in a good sense
      1. of note, illustrious
    2. in a bad sense
      1. notorious, infamous
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 7194 ‑ קָשַׁר (kaw‑shar');  
Frequency Lists
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ASV (2)
Matthew 1
Romans 1
BSB (2)
Matthew 1
Romans 1
CSB (2)
Matthew 1
Romans 1
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Matthew 1
Romans 1
KJV (2)
Matthew 1
Romans 1
LEB (0)
The Lexham English Bible
did not use
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LSB (2)
Matthew 1
Romans 1
N95 (2)
Matthew 1
Romans 1
NAS (2)
Matthew 1
Romans 1
NLT (2)
Matthew 1
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WEB (2)
Matthew 1
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YLT (2)
Matthew 1
Romans 1
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions


Dor. ἐπί-σᾱμος, ον, (σῆμἀ

I serving to distinguish, τοῖς δ' ὄνομ' ἄνθρωποι κατέθεντ' ἐ. ἑκάστῳ Parm. 19.3.


1. having a mark, inscription or device on it, esp. of money, stamped, coined, χρυσὸς ἐ., opp. ἄσημος, Hdt. 9.41; ἀργύριον Th. 2.13; χρυσίον X. Cyr. 4.5.40, cf. IG 12.301, al.; so ἀναθήματα οὐκ ἐ. offerings with no inscription on them, Hdt. 1.51; ἀσπίδες ἐ., opp. λεῖαι, IG 12.280, cf. Men. 526.

2.. of epileptic patients, bearing the marks of the disease, Hp. Morb.Sacr. 8; of cattle, spotted or striped, LXX Genesis 30:42.

3.. notable, remarkable, μνῆμ' ἐ. a speaking remembrance, S. Ant. 1258 (anap.); ξυμφοραί E. Or. 543; εὐνή, λέχος, Id. HF 68, Or. 21; τύχη Id. Med. 544; χαρακτήρ Id. Hec. 379; τάφος ἐπισημότατος Th. 2.43; τιμωρία Lycurg. 129; τόποι IG 12(3).326.42 (Thera, Sup.); of garments, fine, SIG 695.39 (Magn. Mae., ii B.C.); and of persons, ἐ. σοφίην notable for wisdom, Hdt. 2.20; ἐ. ἐν βροτοῖς E. Hipp. 103; ἐ. ξένοι Ar. Fr. 543: in bad sense, conspicuous, notorious, ἐς τὸν ψόγον E. Or. 249; δέσμιος ἐ. Matthew 27:16; διὰ δημοκοπίαν Plu. Fab. 14; ἐπὶ τῇ μοχθηρίᾳ Luc. Rh. Proverbs 25:1-28.

4.. significant, οὐκ ἐ. Artem. 1.59, 3.32.

III. Adv. -μως Plb. 6.39.9, Sm. Psalms 73:4(74).4, J. BJ 6.1.8: Comp. -ότερον Gal. 9.762; -οτέρως Artem. 2.9: Sup. -ότατα Luc. Hist.Conscr. 43.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

ἐπίσημος, ἐπίσημον (σῆμα a sign, mark);

1. properly, having a mark on it, marked, stamped, coined: ἀργύριον, χρυσός (Herodotus, Thucydides, Xenophon, Polybius, Josephus).

2. tropically, marked (Latininsignis), both in a good and bad sense; in a good sense, of note, illustrious: Romans 16:7 (Herodotus and following); in a bad sense, notorious, infamous: Matthew 27:16 (Euripides, Or. 249; Josephus, Antiquities 5, 7, 1; Plutarch, Fab. Max. 14; others).

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

ἐπίσημος , -ον

(< σῆμα , a mark),

[in LXX: Genesis 30:42 (H7194), Ezra 5:4; Ezra 8:13, 1 Maccabees 11:37; 1 Maccabees 14:48, 2 Maccabees 15:36, 3 Maccabees 6:1 *;]

1. bearing a mark; of money, stamped, coined.

2. Metaph.,

(a) in good sense, notable, illustrious: Romans 16:7;

(b) in bad sense, notorious: Matthew 27:16.†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

In P Petr III. 73.9 we hear of a shop—οὗ [ ]πίσημον Ν ̄, ";on which is the number 50"; (Edd.) : cf. BGU IV. 1132.10 (B.C. 16) γύου ς ̄ ἐπισήμου, ";a district with the number 6, "; and Syll 588.3 (c. B.C. 180) δακτύλιον. . ἔχοντα ἐπίσημον Ἀπόλλωνα. The adj. is common in connexion with money, e.g. P Ryl II. 160(c)ii. 18 (A.D. 32) ἔχο (l. ἔχω) τὰς τοῦ ἀργυρίου ἐπισήμου καιφαλέον (l.αίου) νομίσματο ̣ς ̣ δραχμὰς ἑκατόν, ";I have received the capital sum of 100 drachmae of coined silver"; (Edd.), ib. 154.5 (A.D. 66), P Hamb I. 2.14 (A.D. 59) ἀργύριον ἐπίσημον δόκιμον ἀρεστὸν ἀνυπόλογον παντὸς ὑπ [ο ]λόγου, P Tebt II. 392.23 (A.D. 134–5). For the metaphorical use, which alone is found in the NT, cf. Michel 544.25 (B.C. 114) ἐπίσημον τὴν ἑαυτοῦ [ἀρετ ]ὴν κατέστησεν, BGU IV. 1086 ii. 4 (A.D. 160 or 183 or 215) ταύτης μου [τῆς ἐπιστ ]ολῆς τὸ ἀντίγραφον δημοσίᾳ ἔν τε [ταῖς μητροπόλεσι καὶ ἐν τοῖς ] ἐπισήμοις τ [ῶν νο ]μῶν τόποις προθεῖναι φροντίσατε, and P Ryl II. 153.5 (A.D. 138–61), a will in which the testator makes provision for a ceremony to be performed at his grave— ̣ν ̣ ταῖς ἐπ ̣[ισ ]η ̣μοις τοῦ ὄρους ἡμέραις, ";on the high days of the cemeteries"; (Edd.); similarly the Will of Abraham, Bishop of Hermonthis, about the end of vi/A.D., P Lond 77.58 (= I. p. 234, Chrest. II. p. 372), where reference is made to τὰς τοῦ θανάτου ἐπισήμους ἡμέρας in connexion with the rites accompanying mummification and interment, see P Lips I. 30 Intr., and cf. LXX Esther 5:4, Est. 8:18 [MT. Esther 8:17]. In MGr ἐπίσημος = ";official.";


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
επίσημα επισημοι επίσημοι ἐπίσημοι επισημον επίσημον ἐπίσημον επίσημος episemoi episēmoi epísemoi epísēmoi episemon episēmon epísemon epísēmon
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