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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #1995 - ἐπιστροφή

Root Word (Etymology)
from (G1994)
Parts of Speech
feminine noun
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  1. conversion (of the Gentiles from idolatry to the true God)
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 4941 ‑ מִשְׁפָּט (mish‑pawt');  7725 ‑ שׁוּב (shoob);  8669 ‑ תְּשׁוּקָה (tesh‑oo‑kaw');  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (1)
Acts 1
NAS (1)
Acts 1
CSB (1)
Acts 1
BSB (1)
Acts 1
ESV (1)
Acts 1
WEB (1)
Acts 1
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

ἐπιστροφ-ή, ἡ,


1. turning about, τῆς τοῦ ἀτράκτου δίνης Pl. R. 620e; twisting, Thphr. HP 3.13.3; of strands, Ph. Bel. 58.15; τῶν σχοινίων Plu. Alex. 25 (pl.); ἡ εἴσω ἐ. τῶν δακτύλων Philostr. Im. 1.23.

2.. bending of a bow, Str. 2.5.22.

3.. curve, winding of a bay, ib. 33; of a river, Ptol. Alm. 8.1.


1. intr., turning or wheeling about, δαΐων ἀνδρῶν ἐπιστροφαί, i.e. hostile men turning to bay, S. OC 1045 (lyr.); tossing, of a restless patient, Hp. Epid. 7.83 (pl.); μυρίων ἐπιστροφαὶ κακῶν renewed assaults of ills unnumbered, S. OC 537 (lyr.), cf. Arr. An. 7.17.5; esp.in military evolutions, Plb. 10.23.3, Plu. Phil. 7; wheeling through a right angle, Ascl. Tact. 10.4, etc. (but, as a general term, αἱ ἐ. τῶν ἵππων ib.7.2, cf. Arr. Tact. 16.7); of ships, putting about, tacking, Th. 2.90, 91; ἐξ ἐπιστροφῆς by a sudden wheel, Plb. 1.76.5, Plu. Tim. 27; but ἐξ ἐπιστροφῆς παθεῖν to have a relapse, Hp. Coac. 251.

2.. turn of affairs, reaction, counter-revolution, μή τις ἐ. γένηται Th. 3.71; result, end, Plb. 21.32.15 (dub.l.).

3.. attention paid to a person or thing (ἐπιστρέφω 11.3), ξενοτίμους δωμάτων ἐ. respect for guests, A. Eu. 548; πρὸ τοῦ θανόντος τήνδ' ἔθεσθ' ἐ. S. OT 134; ὧν ἐ. τις ἦν to whom any regard was due, E. IT 671; so ἐπιστροφῆς ἄξιον X. HG 5.2.9; παραμυθέεσθαι μετ' ἐπιστροφῆς καὶ ὑποδέξιος Hp. Decent. 16; ἐ. ποιεῖσθαι Philipp. ap. D. 12.1, cf. 19.306, etc.; ἐ. ἔχειν τινός Men. 836; περί τινος Chrysipp.Stoic. 3.187, etc.; ἐπιστροφῆς τυγχάνειν Plb. 4.4.4, etc.. Philos., turning towards, πρὸς τὰ τῇδε Plot. 4.3.4; ψυχὴ καταδεῖται πρὸς τὸ σῶμα τῇ ἐ. τῇ πρὸς τὰ πάθη τὰ ἀπ' αὐτοῦ Porph. Sent. 7.

4.. moving up and down in a place, mostly in pl., πατρῴων δωμάτων ἐπιστροφαί the range of them, A. Th. 648; οἷσιν οὐκ ἐπιστροφαί men who have no business here, E. Hel. 440; βούνομοι ἐ. haunts of the grazing herds, A. Fr. 249; so Κίλιξ δὲ χώρα καὶ Σύρων ἐπιστροφαί (cj. for Σηρῶν ἐνστροφαί) ib. 271.

5. intentness, vehemence, ἐπιστροφὴν εἶχεν ὁ λόγος καὶ ἔρρωτο Philostr. VS 1.21.5; θρασυτέρᾳ τῇ ἐ. χρήσασθαι ib. 2.5.2. gravity of deportment, ἡ ἐ. τοῦ εἴδους Id. Im. 2.16.

6. correction, reproof, Plu. 2.55b.

7. conversion, Acts 15:3; ἡ πρὸς θεὸν ἐ. Hierocl. in CA 24p.473M.

8. in Philos., return to the source of Being, Plot. 1.2.4; ἡ ἐ. πρὸς αὑτόν Id. 5.3.6, cf. Procl. Inst. 31; [ ἡ ἐ. ] τοῦ προελθόντος ἐπάνοδος εἰς τὸ γεννῆσαν Dam. Pr. 75; ἡ ἐ. τῆς ἐκστάσεώς ἐστιν ἐπανόρθωσις ib. 61.

9. in Logic, conversion of a proposition, ἡ σὺν ἀντιθέσει ἐ. the contraposition, Suppl.ad Procl. in Prm. p.1004S.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

ἐπιστροφή, ἐπιστροφῆς, (ἐπιστρέφω), conversion (of Gentiles from idolatry to the true God (cf. Winer's Grammar, 26)): Acts 15:3. (Cf. Sir. 49:2 Sir. 18:21 (20); in Greek writings in many other senses.)

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

ἐπι -στροφή , -ῆς ,

(ἐπιστρέφω ),

[in LXX: Ezekiel 47:7 (H7725), Sirach 18:21; Sirach 49:2, etc.;]

a turning about; metaph., conversion (Field, Notes, 246): Acts 15:3.†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

ἐπιστροφή occurs = ";attention,"; ";regard"; in a prisoner’s petition P Petr II. 19 (2).2 (iii/B.C.) καλῶς οὖμ ποιήσεις ἐ [πι ]στροφήν [μου π ]οιησάμενος, ἐρρεῖμαι γὰρ κακῶς διακείμενος ἀπ᾽ ἐκείνου : cf. PSI IV. 380.8 (B.C. 249–8), and Michel 543.3 (c. B.C. 200) ὁ δῆμος ἐπι [στροφ ]ῆς ἀξίαν πρόσευξιν. . ποιούμενος. In Chrest. I. 176.12 (probably time of Nero) the lessee of an olive-yard complains of certain outlays that he had been obliged to make—μηδεμίαν μου ἐπιστρ [ο ]φὴν ποιησαμένων αὐτῶν (sc. τῶν προεστώτων) : cf. Syll 790.76 (i/B.C.) ὑπολαμβάνομεν δὲ ἀναγκαῖ [ον ] εἶναι καὶ συμφέρον γενέσθαι τινὰ περὶ τούτων ἐπιστροφήν with reference to the renewal of trees that had been destroyed. On the deepened meaning which this and similar words assumed in the language of Christianity, see Milligan Documents, p. 58 f., and cf. Hobart, p. 172 f.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
επιστροφή επιστροφην επιστροφήν ἐπιστροφὴν epistrophen epistrophēn epistrophḕn
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