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Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #2012 - ἐπίτροπος
- one to whose care or honour anything has been instructed
- a curator, a guardian
- a steward or manager of a household, or of lands
- one who has the care and tutelage of children, either where the father is dead (a guardian of minors), or where the father is still alive
ἐπίτροπ-ος, ον, (ἐπιτρέπω)
1. one to whom the charge of anything is entrusted, steward, trustee, administrator, c.gen. rei, τῶν ἑωυτοῦ Hdt. 1.108; τῶν οἰκίων Id. 3.63: abs., X. Oec. 12.3, D. 21.78, 27.19, Luke 8:3, etc.; steward, messman, X. Cyr. 4.2.35: metaph., τῶν [τοῦ Πρωταγόρου] ἐ. Pl. Tht. 165a.
2. = Lat. procurator, Καίσαρος ἐ. Str. 3.4.20, Plu. 2.813e, etc.; ἐ. Σεβαστοῦ, -τῶν, OG 1502.10 (Aezani, ii A.D.), 501.2 (Tralles, ii A.D.); ἐ. τῆς Ἠπείρου Arr. Epict. 3.4.1; τῶν μετάλλων OG 1678.5 (Egypt, ii A.D.), etc.
3. governor, viceroy, οἱ ἐ. τῆς Μέμφιος, Μιλήτου ἐ., Hdt. 3.27, 5.30, cf. 106.
4. executor, PPetr. 3p.9, al. (iii B.C.).
II c.gen.pers., trustee, guardian, Hdt. 4.76, Th. 2.80, etc.; ἐ. τινι παίδων Hyp. Epit. 42: abs., Pl. Lg. 924b, etc.; ὑπὸ ἐπιτρόπους εἶναι Galatians 4:2; καθιστάναι ἐ. PRyl. 153.18 (ii A.D.): metaph., guardian, protector, θεὸς ἐ. ἐών Pi. O. 1.106.
** ἐπίτροπος , -ου , ὁ
(< ἐπιτρέπω ),
[in LXX: 2 Maccabees 11:1; 2 Maccabees 13:2; 2 Maccabees 14:2*;]
1. an administrator, a steward: Matthew 20:3, Luke 8:3.
2. a guardian (c. gen. pers., 2Mac, ll. c.): Galatians 4:2.†
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
ἐπίτροπος is very common in connexion with the guardianship of minors (cf. Galatians 4:2), e.g. P Ryl II. 109.18 (A.D. 235) Α (ὐρήλιος) Ἑρμόδ [ωρ ]ος. . ἐπίτροπ (ος) τῶν ἀφηλ (ίκων) . . . ὤμοσα ὑπὲρ αὐτῶν, ";I, Aurelius Hermodorus, guardian of the minors, have taken the oath on their behalf,"; ib. 121.15 (ii/A.D.) ἀξιῶ. . . [ἐ ]πίτροπον αὐτᾦ καταστα [θῆ ]ναι, and a Will, ib. 153.18 (A.D. 138–61) οὗ καὶ καθίστημι ἐπιτρόπους [ἄχ ]ρ ̣ι ̣ ο ̣ὗ ̣ γένη ̣[ται τῆ ]ς ἐννό [μο ]υ ̣ [ἡ ]λικίας. Preisigke Fachwörter, p. 93) has classified the uses of the word in connexion with the office of ";procurator"; : cf. Magie, p. 162 f., and Rouffiac Recherches, p. 46, where we are reminded of the Imperial procurator at Priene—ὁ τῶν κυρίων ἐπίτροπος (Priene 230.5-A.D. 196–212). The agreement with Matthew 20:8 λέγει ὁ κύριος. . . τῷ ἐπιτροπῳ αὐτοῦ is of course, as Rouffiac remarks, purely verbal.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
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