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Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #2016 - ἐπιφανής
1. coming to light, coming suddenly into view, appearing, of gods, Hdt. 3.27, etc.: hence, present to aid, θεοὶ -έστατοι D.S. 1.17.
2. of places and things, in full view, πόλις ἐ. ἔξωθεν, of a place commanded by another, Th. 5.10, cf. 6.96, 7.19; τινι to one, ib. 3; ἔχειν ἐπιφανεῖς θηλάς visible, Arist. HA 504b23; φλέβες prominent, Gal. 17(2).209.
3. manifest, evident, ὄνειδος Democr. 218 (Comp.); ἐκ τῶν ἐπιφανεστάτων σημείων Th. 1.21; διὰ τὸ μὴ ἐ. εἶναι Arist. EN 1126a23.
1. of men, conspicuous, notable, distinguished by rank, Hdt. 2.89,al.; οἰκίη οὐκ ἐ. ib. 172; notable, either for good or ill, X. Mem. 3.1.10, Lys. 14.12 (Sup.); ἀνδρείᾳ for courage, Th. 6.72; πρὸς τὸν πόλεμον Pl. Lg. 629e; famous, renowned, Pi. P. 7.6 (Comp.), etc.; ἀνδρῶν ἐ. πᾶσα γῆ τάφος Th. 2.43; of things, places, etc., χώρα OGI 90.46 (Rosetta, ii B.C.); -εστέρα τιμή IPE 12.34.22 (Olbia, i B.C.); -έσταται τιμαί IG 9(2).1109.10 (Magn.Thess.).
2. of things, remarkable, οὗτοί σφεων οἱ -έστατοι νόμοι εἰσί Hdt. 5.6; -εστάτη χρεία Plb. 1.78.11; -εστάτη μάχη Anon.Hist. Oxy. 12ii31.
3. as a title of divinities, τῶν -εστάτων θεῶν IG 5(1).1179 (Sparta); also of Eastern Kings, e.g.Ptolemy V, OG 190.5(Rosetta, ii B.C.); Antiochus of Syria, Plb. 26.1a. 1, etc.
1. Adv. -νῶς openly, conspicuously, Th. 1.91, 5.105 (Sup.).
2. with distinction, λαμπρῶς καὶ ἐ. IGRom. 4.844 (Phrygia), cf. J. BJ 7.3.1: Comp. -έστερον, ζην with greater distinction, Men. 223.19. "ἐπίφαντος "ἐπίφαν-τος, ον, in the light, alive, S. Ant. 841 (lyr.); visible, manifest, Διοσκούρων ἐ. prob. in Poet. ap. Stob. 1.1.31a.
ἐπιφανής , -ές
(< ἐπιφαίνω ),
[in LXX (v. Thayer, s.v.) for H3372, etc., Judges 13:6, Joel 2:11; Joel 2:31 al.; 2 Maccabees 6:23, 3 Maccabees 5:35, al.;]
renowned, illustrious, notable: Acts 2:20 (LXX) (cf. MM, Exp., xiv).†
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
For this adj. = ";manifest,"; ";illustrious,"; as in Acts 2:20, cf. OGIS 90.47 (Rosetta stone—B.C. 196), where it is said of King Ptolemy V.—ἐπιφανῆ ποιήσαντος τήν τε ἄνω χώραν καὶ τὴν κάτω. The same inscr. shows the word frequently as a title of the King when it can only be regarded as = ";Avatar,"; see Dittenberger’s note on ib. .5 Πτολεμαίου. . . Θεοῦ Ἐπιφανοῦς Εὐχαρίστου, and cf. what has already been said s.v. ἐπιφάνεια. We may also refer to E. R. Bevan’s discussion of this title of Antiochus IV. in JHS xx. p. 28 f. He shows that Seleucus I. was worshipped as Zeus Olympios : Antiochus replaced Zeus on his coins, the intervening kings having substituted Apollo. His title meant a claim to be worshipped as ";Zeus incarnate.";
The wider sense of the word may be further illustrated from P Oxy XII. 1425.2 (A.D. 318), where an official return is headed—ὑπατίας τῶν δεσποτῶν ἡμῶν Λικ [ι ]ννίο [υ ] Σεβαστοῦ τὸ ε ̄ καὶ Κρίσπου τοῦ ἐπιφανεστάτ [ου ] Καίσαρος τὸ α ̄, ";in the consulship of our lords Licinius Augustus for the fifth time and Crispus the most illustrious Cæsar for the first time"; (Edd.). For the adv. see a Phrygian inscr. C. and B. i. p. 182, No. 70, Διονοισίου ἀνδρὸς βουλευτοῦ καὶ πάσας ἀρχὰς κὲ λειτουργίας λαμπρῶς κὲ ἐπιφανῶς ἐκτετελεκότος.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
the Fifth Week after Epiphany