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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #2040 - ἐργάτης

Transliteration
ergátēs
Phonetics
er-gat'-ace
Root Word (Etymology)
from (G2041)
Parts of Speech
masculine noun
TDNT
2:635,251
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ἐργασία
 
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Definition   
Thayer's
  1. a workman, a labourer
    1. usually one who works for hire esp. an agricultural worker
  2. one who does, a worker, perpetrator
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (16)
Matthew 6
Luke 4
Acts 1
2 Corinthians 1
Philippians 1
1 Timothy 1
2 Timothy 1
James 1
NAS (15)
Matthew 6
Luke 3
Acts 1
2 Corinthians 1
Philippians 1
1 Timothy 1
2 Timothy 1
James 1
CSB (16)
Matthew 6
Luke 4
Acts 1
2 Corinthians 1
Philippians 1
1 Timothy 1
2 Timothy 1
James 1
BSB (16)
Matthew 6
Luke 4
Acts 1
2 Corinthians 1
Philippians 1
1 Timothy 1
2 Timothy 1
James 1
ESV (15)
Matthew 6
Luke 4
Acts 1
2 Corinthians 1
1 Timothy 1
2 Timothy 1
James 1
WEB (17)
Matthew 6
Luke 4
Acts 1
2 Corinthians 1
Philippians 2
1 Timothy 1
2 Timothy 1
James 1
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

ἐργᾰτ-ης, ου, ὁ,

I

1. workman, Hermes 17.5 (Delos), Matthew 10:10, etc.; esp. one who works the soil, husbandman, γῆς ἐ. Hdt. 4.109, 5.6; οἱ ἐ. οἱ περὶ γεωργίαν D. 35.32: abs., S. OT 859, E. El. 75, etc.: also with Subst., ἐ. ἀνήρ Theoc. 10.9, D. 59.50; οὑργάτης λεώς the country -folk, Ar. Pax 632; of animals, βοῦς ἐ. a working ox, Archil. 39, S. Fr. 563; ἐ. σφῆκες Arist. HA 627b32; also ἐ. θαλάττης, of a fisher, Alciphr. 1.11; ἐ. λίθων a stone- mason, Luc. Somn. 2. in the religious sense, 2 Timothy 2:15, 2 Corinthians 11:13 (pl.).

2. Adj. hard-working, strenuous, ἐ. στρατηγός X. Cyr. 1.6.18; σώφρων κἀ. Ar. Ach. 611; opp. ἀργός, Pl. Euthd. 281c; φειδωλὸς καὶ ἐ. Id. R. 554a.

II one who practises an art, τῶν ἐν πολέμῳ X. Cyr. 4.1.4; ἐ. δίκης, of a judge, Lyc. 128: abs., practitioner in some special branch of surgery, e.g. lithotomy, ἐ. ἄνδρες Hp. Jusj.

III doer, ἄσημος οὑργ. τις ἤν S. Ant. 252; τῶν καλῶν X. Mem. 2.1.27; ἀνομίας LXX 1 Maccabees 3:6; τῆς ἀδικίας Luke 13:27. producer, τῶν ἐν τῷ κόσμῳ γινομένων Heraclit. 75; [Αἰὼν] θείας φύσεως ἐ. SIG 1125.12 (Eleusis). a sort of capstan or windlass, Bito 58.12, Vitr. 10.2.7,al., Orib. 49.4.1.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

ἐργάτης, ἐργάτου, (ἐργάζομαι);

1. as in Greek writings a workman, a laborer: usually one who works for hire, Matthew 10:10; Luke 10:7; 1 Timothy 5:18; especially an agricultural laborer, Matthew 9:37; Matthew 20:1f, 8; Luke 10:2; James 5:4 (Wis. 17:16); those whose labor artificers employ (i. e. workmen in the restricted sense), Acts 19:25 (opposed to τοῖς τεχνίταις (A. V. craftsmen), Acts 19:24), cf. Bengel at the passage; those who as teachers labor to propagate and promote Christianity among men: 2 Corinthians 11:13; Philippians 3:2; 2 Timothy 2:15, cf. Matthew 9:37; Luke 10:2.

2. one who does, a worker, perpetrator: τῆς ἀδικίας, Luke 13:27 (τῆς ἀνομίας, 1 Macc. 3:6; τῶν καλῶν καί σεμνῶν, Xenophon, mem. 2, 1, 27).


Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

** ἐργάτης , -ου ,

(< ἐργάζομαι , q.v.),

[in LXX: Wisdom of Solomon 17:17, Sirach 19:1; Sirach 40:18, 1 Maccabees 3:6 *;]

1. prop., a field labourer, husbandman: Matthew 9:37-38; Matthew 20:1-2; Matthew 20:8, Luke 10:2, James 5:4 (cf. Wis, l.c.).

2. Generally, a workman, labourer: Matthew 10:10, Luke 10:7, Acts 19:25 (opp. to τεχνίτης ), 1 Timothy 5:18; of Christian teachers, 2 Corinthians 11:13, Philippians 3:2, 2 Timothy 2:15.

3. a worker, doer: τ . ἀδικίας , Luke 13:27 (cf. 1Mac, l.c.).†


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

P Fay 331 (A.D. 125–6) contains payments to ἐργ (άται) at the rate of 9 obols per man : cf. P Oxy X. 1263.13 (A.D. 128–9) βούλομαι. . . χρήσασθαι τῇ τῶν ἐργ [ατῶν ] ποταμοῦ τέχ [νῃ, ";I wish to practise the trade of a river-worker"; (Edd.), P Ryl II. 98(a).16 (A.D. 154–5) ἕξω δὲ σὺν ἐμαυτῷ ἐργάτας δύο, Chrest. I. 96vii. 17 (accounts of the Temple of Jupiter Capitolinus—A.D. 215) ἐργάταις κ [ωμά ]σασι τὸ ξόανον τοῦ θεοῦ πρὸς [ ]πάντη [σιν τοῦ ] ἡγεμόνος, P Flor I. 3.6 (A.D. 301) ἐργάτας. . . ὄντ [α ]ς εὐθέτους καὶ ἐπιτηδείους. One of the columns of P Loud 1170 verso (A.D. 258–9) (= III. p. 193 ff.), an account of receipts and expenditure by a steward at Theadelphia, is headed—.45 λόγος ἐργατῶν ἀργησάντων. An interesting inscr. dedicated to Αἰών as a deity, Syll 757 (i/A.D.), ends by describing Αἰών as θείας φύσεως ἐργάτης αἰωνίου πάντα, where the editor thinks that the difficult acc. πάντα is best explained by the accidental omission of a preceding κατά. For the subst. ἐργατεία, used in a concrete sense, see BGU IV. 1159.9 (time of Augustus) π ̣α ̣ͅσ ̣α ̣ν ̣] ἐργατήαν παρεσσκευακω ̣ς (l. παρεσκευακώς), and P Oxy XII. 1450.6 (A.D. 249–50), and for ἐργατεύω, as in Tobit 5:5, cf. P Par 63.102 (B.C. 165) (= P Petr III. p. 26) οἳ διὰ τὴν τῶν δεόντων σπάνιν ἐργατεύοντες πορίζονται τὰ πρὸς τὸ ζῆν, ";who, through lack of necessaries, supply themselves with the means of life by hard labour"; (Mahaffy). The adj. is seen in P Fay 111.6 (A.D. 95–6) ἔχων ἐν τῇ [κ ]όμῃ ἐργατικὰ κτήνη δέκα : PSI I. 38.5 (A.D. 101) ὁμολογῶ πεπρακέναι σοι ὃν ἔχω ἐρ ̣γατικὸν ὄνον recalls the μύλος ὀνικός of Mark 9:42. Ἐργάτης is a unique formation for* ἐργότης through the influence of ἐργάζομαι, cf. Boeot. ϝ εργοτίων (Boisacq Dict. Etym. p. 272 n..1). It persists in MGr.

 


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
εργαται εργάται ἐργάται εργατας εργάτας ἐργάτας εργατην εργάτην ἐργάτην εργατης εργάτης ἐργάτης εργατων εργατών ἐργατῶν εργοδιώκται εργοδιώκταις εργοδιώκτας εργοδιωκτούντες εργοδιωκτών ergatai ergátai ergatas ergátas ergaten ergatēn ergáten ergátēn ergates ergatēs ergátes ergátēs ergaton ergatôn ergatōn ergatō̂n
 
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