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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Strong's #2041 - ἔργον

Transliteration
érgon
Phonetics
er'-gon
Origin
from a primary (but obsolete) ergo (to work)
Parts of Speech
Noun Neuter
TDNT
2:635,251
Definition
Thayer's
  1. business, employment, that which any one is occupied
    1. that which one undertakes to do, enterprise, undertaking
  2. any product whatever, any thing accomplished by hand, art, industry, or mind
  3. an act, deed, thing done: the idea of working is emphasised in opp. to that which is less than work
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 734 ‑ אֹרַח (o'‑rakh);  1576 ‑ גְּמוּל (ghem‑ool');  1697 ‑ דָּבָר (daw‑bawr');  1870 ‑ דֶּרֶךְ (deh'‑rek);  2706 ‑ חֹק (khoke);  3018 ‑ יְגִיעַ (yeg‑ee'‑ah);  3627 ‑ כְּלִי (kel‑ee');  3948 ‑ לֶקַח (leh'‑kakh);  4193 ‑ מוֹת (mohth);  4390 ‑ מָלָא (maw‑lay', maw‑law');  4399 ‑ מְלָאכָה (mel‑aw‑kaw');  4522 ‑ מִס (mas, mees);  4853 ‑ מַשָּׂא (mas‑saw');  4916 ‑ מִשְׁלָח ((1,2) mish‑lo'‑akh, mish‑lawkh');  5450 ‑ סִבְלוֹת (seb‑aw‑law');  5647 ‑ עָבַד (aw‑bad');  5647 ‑ עָבַד (aw‑bad');  5656 ‑ עֲבוֹדָה (ab‑o‑daw', ab‑o‑daw');  5656 ‑ עֲבוֹדָה (ab‑o‑daw', ab‑o‑daw');  5949 ‑ עֲלִלָה (al‑ee‑law', al‑ee‑law');  6098 ‑ עֵצָה (ay‑tsaw');  6213 ‑ עָשָׂה (aw‑saw');  6466 ‑ פָּעַל (paw‑al');  6467 ‑ פֹּעַל (po'‑al);  6486 ‑ פְּקֻדָּה (pek‑ood‑daw');  7200 ‑ רָאָה (raw‑aw');  8441 ‑ תּוֹעֵבָה (to‑ay‑baw', to‑ay‑baw');  8457 ‑ תַּזְנֻת (taz‑nooth', taz‑nooth');  
Frequency Lists  
  1. Book
  2. Word
  3. Parsing
KJV (176)
Matthew
5
Mark
2
Luke
2
John
27
Acts
11
Romans
18
1 Corinthians
8
2 Corinthians
3
Galatians
8
Ephesians
4
Philippians
3
Colossians
3
1 Thessalonians
2
2 Thessalonians
2
1 Timothy
6
2 Timothy
6
Titus
8
Hebrews
11
James
15
1 Peter
2
2 Peter
2
1 John
3
2 John
1
3 John
1
Jude
1
Revelation
22
NAS (170)
Matthew
6
Mark
2
Luke
2
John
26
Acts
10
Romans
15
1 Corinthians
8
2 Corinthians
3
Galatians
8
Ephesians
4
Philippians
3
Colossians
3
1 Thessalonians
2
2 Thessalonians
2
1 Timothy
6
2 Timothy
6
Titus
8
Hebrews
10
James
15
1 Peter
2
2 Peter
2
1 John
3
2 John
1
3 John
1
Jude
1
Revelation
21
HCS (169)
Matthew
6
Mark
2
Luke
2
John
27
Acts
10
Romans
15
1 Corinthians
8
2 Corinthians
3
Galatians
8
Ephesians
4
Philippians
3
Colossians
3
1 Thessalonians
2
2 Thessalonians
2
1 Timothy
6
2 Timothy
6
Titus
8
Hebrews
9
James
15
1 Peter
2
2 Peter
2
1 John
3
2 John
1
3 John
1
Jude
1
Revelation
20
BSB (169)
Matthew
6
Mark
2
Luke
2
John
27
Acts
10
Romans
15
1 Corinthians
8
2 Corinthians
3
Galatians
8
Ephesians
4
Philippians
3
Colossians
3
1 Thessalonians
2
2 Thessalonians
2
1 Timothy
6
2 Timothy
6
Titus
8
Hebrews
9
James
15
1 Peter
2
2 Peter
2
1 John
3
2 John
1
3 John
1
Jude
1
Revelation
20
ESV (161)
Matthew
5
Mark
2
Luke
2
John
26
Acts
10
Romans
14
1 Corinthians
7
2 Corinthians
2
Galatians
8
Ephesians
4
Philippians
3
Colossians
3
1 Thessalonians
2
2 Thessalonians
2
1 Timothy
6
2 Timothy
6
Titus
8
Hebrews
9
James
15
1 Peter
2
2 Peter
2
1 John
3
Revelation
20
WEB (183)
Matthew
6
Mark
2
Luke
2
John
28
Acts
11
Romans
20
1 Corinthians
9
2 Corinthians
3
Galatians
8
Ephesians
3
Philippians
5
Colossians
3
1 Thessalonians
2
2 Thessalonians
2
1 Timothy
6
2 Timothy
6
Titus
8
Hebrews
11
James
14
1 Peter
2
2 Peter
3
1 John
3
2 John
2
3 John
1
Jude
1
Revelation
22
Verse Results
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

ἔργον,

Dor. ϝέργον IG 4.800 (vi B. C.), Elean ϝάργον SIG 9 (vi B.C.), τό: (ἔρδω, O E. weorc (neut.) 'work', Avest. var[schwa]za -):

I

1. work, Il. 2.436, etc.; ἔ. οὐδὲν ὄνειδος, ἀεργίη δέ τ' ὄνειδος Hes. Op. 311; πλεόνων δέ τε ἔ. ἄμεινον Il. 12.412; ἔ. ἐποίχεσθαι 6.492; νῦν ἔπλετο ἔ. ἅπασι 12.271; esp. in pl., ἄλλος ἄλλοισιν..ἐπιτέρπεται ἔργοις Od. 14.228; ἐπὶ ἔργα τράποντο Il. 3.422; ἔργων παύσασθαι Od. 4.683; τὰ σ' αὐτῆς ἔργα κόμιζε see to thine own tasks, Il. 6.490: esp. in the following relations, 1 in Il. mostly of works or deeds of war, πολεμήϊα ἔ. Il. 2.338, al., Od. 12.116; ἔργον μάχης Il. 6.522; alone, ἀτελευτήτῳ ἐπὶ ἔργῳ 4.175, cf. 539; ὑπέσχετο δὲ μέγα ἔργον 13.366; ἐπ' αὐτῷ δ' ἔργον ἐτύχθη ἀργαλέον 4.470; later, ἔργον.. Ἄρης κρινεῖ A. Th. 414; ἐν τῷ ἔ. during the action, Th. 2.89, cf. 7.71; τὸ ἐν Πλαταιαῖς ἔ. Pl. Mx. 241c; τῶν πρότερον ἔ. μέγιστον ἐπράχθη τὸ Μηδικόν Th. 1.23; ἔργου ἔχεσθαι to engage in battle, ib. 49.

2. of peaceful contests, κρατεῖν ἔ. Pi. O. 9.85; ἔργου ἔχεσθαι Id. P. 4.233; also ἔργα θῆκε κάλλιστ' ἀμφὶ κόμαις placed [the reward of] noble deeds about his hair, Id. O. 13.38.

3. of works of industry, of tillage, tilled lands, ἀνδρῶν πίονα ἔ. Il. 12.283, etc.; ἔργ' ἀνθρώπων 16.392, Od. 6.259; βροτῶν 10.147; οὔτε βοῶν οὔτ' ἀνδρῶν φαίνετο ἔργα ib. 98; ἔργα alone, 16.140, etc.; Ἔργα καὶ Ἡμέραι — the title of Hesiod's work; πατρώϊα ἔ. their father's lands, Od. 2.22; οὔτ' ἐπὶ ἔργα..ἴμεν will neither go to our farms, ib. 127, cf. 252; Ἰθάκης..ἔργα the tilled lands of Ithaca, 14.344; ἀμφὶ.. Τιταρησσὸν ἔργ' ἐνέμοντο inhabited lands, Il. 2.751; τὰ τῶν Μυσῶν ἔ. Hdt. 1.36; so later, PBaden 40.5 (ii A.D.): generally, property, wealth, possessions, θεὸς δ' ἐπὶ ἔργον ἀέξῃ Od. 14.65, cf. 15.372. of women's work, weaving, Il. 9.390, etc.; ἀμύμονα ἔ. ἰδυίας ib. 128; ἔργα ἐργάζεσθαι Od. 22.422, 20.72. of other occupations, θαλάσσια ἔ. fishing, 5.67; a seaman's life, Il. 2.614: periphr., δαιτὸς..ἔργα works of feasting, 9.228; φιλοτήσια ἔ. Od. 11.246; ἔργα γάμοιο Il. 5.429; ἔργα Κυπρογενοῦς Sol. 26; Ἀφροδίτης h.Ven. 1; also τέκνων ἐς ἔ. A. Ag. 1207: abs., ἔργον Luc. DDeor. 17.1, AP 12.209 (pl., Strat., s.v.l.); also ἔργα ἰσχύος καὶ τάχους X. Cyr. 1.2.12; φίλα ἔργα μελίσσαις, of flowers, Theoc. 22.42; of mines, etc., ἔ. ἀργυρεῖα X. Vect. 4.5, D. 21.167, etc.; ἔργα πίσσια dub. l. in Plu. Cat.Ma. 21.

4. deed, action, ἔργ' ἀνδρῶν τε θεῶν τε Od. 1.338; θέσκελα ἔ. Τρώων Il. 3.130; ἀήσυλα ἔ. 5.876; καρτερά, ἀεικέα ἔ., ib. 872, 22.395; παλίντιτα, ἄντιτα ἔ., Od. 1.379, 17.51; ἔργα ἀποδέκνυσθαι Hdt. 1.16, cf. Pl. Alc. 1.119e, D.C. 37.52; opp. ἔπος, deed, not word (v. ἔπος 11.1); opp. μῦθος, Il. 9.443, 19.242, A. Pr. 1080 (anap.), etc.; opp. λόγος, S. El. 358, E. Alc. 339; ἔργῳ, opp. λόγῳ, freq. in Att., etc., Th. 2.65, etc.: so in pl., λόγῳ μὲν..τοῖσι δ' ἔργοισιν S. OC 782, cf. E. Fr. 360.13; λόγοισιν εἴτ' ἔργοισιν S. OT 517; opp. ῥήματα, Id. OC 873; opp. ὄνομα, E. IA 128 (anap.), Th. 8.78, 89; in many phrases, πέπρακται τοὔργον A. Pr. 75, cf. Ag. 1346; χωρῶ πρὸς ἔργον S. Aj. 116; τὸ μὲν ἐνθύμημα χαρίεν.., τὸ δὲ ἔ. ἀδύνατον its execution, X. An. 3.5.12; ἐν ἔργῳ χέρνιβες ξίφος τε ready for action, E. IT 1190; ἡ κατάρα ὑπὸ τοῦ δαίμονος εἰς ἔ. ἤγετο Jul. Or. 7.228b.

II

1. thing, matter, πᾶν ἔ...ὑπείξομαι in every point, Il. 1.294; ἃ Ζεὺς μήδετο ἔ. 2.38, etc.; πάρος τάδε ἔ. γενέσθαι 6.348, etc.; ὅπως ἔσται τάδε ἔ. 2.252, Od. 17.78, etc.; μέμνημαι τόδε ἔ. Il. 9.527; ἄκουε τοὔργον S. Tr. 1157, cf. OT 847, Aj. 466; in bad sense, mischief, trouble, of disease, αἰτίη τοῦ ἔ. Aret. SA 1.9; μέγα ἔ. a serious matter, Od. 4.663, Th. 3.3.

2. μέγα ἔ., like μέγα χρῆμα, χερμάδιον λάβε χειρὶ Τυδεΐδης, μέγα ἔ. a monstrous thing, Il. 5.303, cf. 20.286; φυλόπιδος μέγα ἔ. a mighty call to arms, 16.208.

III

1. Pass., that which is wrought or made, work, οἷ' ἐπιεικὲς ἔργ' ἔμεν ἀθανάτων, of the arms of Achilles, Il. 19.22; ἔ. Ἡφαίστοιο metal- work, Od. 4.617; πέπλοι.., ἔργα γυναικῶν Il. 6.289, Od. 7.97, cf. 10.223; ὕφασμα, σῆς ἔ. χερός A. Ch. 231; κολεόν..λώτινον ἔ. Theoc. 24.45; of a wall, Ar. Av. 1125; of a statue, X. Mem. 3.10.7: in pl., of siege- works, ἔ. καὶ μηχαναί Plb. 5.3.6; of a machine, Apollod. Poliorc. 157.4, al., Ath.Mech. 15.2, al.; of public buildings, Mon.Anc.Gr. 18.20; of an author's works, D.H. Comp. 25; τὸ περὶ ψυχῆς ἔργον Ἀριστοτέλους AP 11.354.8 (Agath.).

2. result of work, profit or interest, ἔργον [ χρημάτων ] interest or profit on money, Isa 11.42, cf. D. 27.10.

special phrases:

I

1 ἔργον ἐστί, c. gen. pers., it is his business, his proper work, ἀνδρῶν τόδ' ἐστὶν ἔ. A. Ch. 673; ὅπερ ἐστὶν ἔ. ἀγαθοῦ πολίτου Pl. Grg. 517c; of things, φραδέος νόου ἔργα τέτυκται it is a matter (which calls) for a wary mind, Il. 24.354; function, ἅπερ νεῶν ἄμεινον πλεουσῶν ἔργα ἐστίν Th. 2.89; οὐ θερμότητος ἔργον ψύχειν Pl. R. 335d; τοῦτο ἑκάστου ἔ. ὃ ἂν ἢ μόνον τι ἢ κάλλιστα τῶν ἄλλων ἀπεργάζηται ib. 353a; ἔργα τοῦ ἐγκεφάλου functions, Gal. 16.518: c. dat. pers., οἷς τοῦτο ἔ. ἦν X. Cyr. 4.5.36, cf. 6.3.27: with the possessive Pron., σὸν ἔ. [ἐστί] c. inf., A. Pr. 635; ἐμὸν τόδ' ἔ. κρῖναι Id. Eu. 734; σὸν ἔ., θῦε θεοῖς Ar. Av. 862; ὑμέτερον ἐντεῦθεν ἔ. Id. Pax 426: with Art., νῦν ἡμέτερον τὸ ἔ. Hdt. 5.1. c. gen. rei, there is need of.., τί δῆτα τόξων ἔ.; E. Alc. 39; πολλῆς φυλακῆς ἔ. [ἐστί] Pl. R. 537d: esp. with neg., οὐδὲν..ὀδόντων ἔ. ἐστ' Ar. Pax 1310; οὐ δόλου νῦν ἔ. Id. Pl. 1158, cf. E. Hipp. 911: c. dat. pers., ἐπέδρης μὴ εἶναι ἔ. τῇ στρατιῇ Hdt. 1.17: with Art., οὐκ ἂν μακρῶν λόγων ἡμῖν τόδ' εἴη τοὔργον S. El. 1373: with a part. added, οὐδὲν ἦν ἔ. αὐτοῦ κατατείνοντος Plu. Publ. 13: also c. inf., οὐδὲν ἔ. ἑστάναι there is no use in standing still, Ar. Lys. 424, cf. Av. 1308; οὐδὲν ἔ. ταῦτα θρηνεῖσθαι S. Aj. 852, cf. 12. c. inf., it is hard work, difficult to do, πολὺ ἔ. ἂν εἴη διεξελθεῖν X. Mem. 4.6.1; πολὺ ἔ. ἦν τῷ νομοθέτῃ πάντα γράφειν Lys. 10.7; ἔ. ἐστὶν εἰ ἐροῦμεν D. 24.51; ἔ. εὑρεῖν πρόφασιν Men. 76; also μέγα ἔ. ταῖς..ἐπιθυμίαις καλῶς χρῆσθαι Pl. Smp. 187e; χαλεπὸν ἔ. διαιρεῖν Ar. Ra. 1100 (lyr.): also in gen., πλείονος ἔ. ἐστὶ..μαθεῖν Pl. Euthphr. 14b: rarely with a part., οὐδὲν ἔ. μαχομένῳ Philippid. 15.3; . [ἐστί] c. acc. et inf., it can scarcely happen that.., ἔ. ἅμα πάντας ὀργισθῆναι καὶ ἁμαρτεῖν Arist. Pol. 1286a35.

2. ἔργον παρασχεῖν τινί give one trouble, Ar. Nu. 523, cf. AP 9.161 (Mar Arg., punning on Hesiod's Ἔργα); ἔργον ἔχειν take trouble, c. part., X. Cyr. 8.4.6; c. inf., Id. Mem. 2.10.6.

3. ἔ. γίγνεσθαι τῆς νόσου to be its victim, Anon. ap. Suid. s.v. ἄτολμοι; κτεινόμενος ὑμέτερον ἔ. εἰμί Plu. Eum. 17; τῆς ὑμετέρας γέγονεν ἔ. ὀλιγωρίας Luc. Dem.Enc. 29.

4. ἔI

I. get ready, prepare, ἐμοὶ γέρας αὐτίχ' ἑτοιμάσατ ' Il. 1.118; [ νέας ] Hdt. 6.95; στρατιώτας Acts 23:23; ὁδόν LXX Isaiah 40:3,al.; ἔγκλημα μικρὸν αἰτίαν τε S. Tr. 361; δῶμα E. Alc. 364; βουλήν Id. Heracl. 472; δάκρυα δ' ἑτοιμάζουσι to those furnishing them, Id. Supp. 454; ἀργύριον ῥητόν Th. 2.7, etc.; ἑαυτὸν ἵνα.. Revelation 8:6.

II

1. Med., cause to be prepared, ὄφρ' ἱρὸν ἑτοιμασσαίατ' Ἀθήνῃ Il. 10.571; ἑτοιμάσσαντο δὲ ταύρους Od. 13.184, cf. Hdt. 8.24; ἑτοιμασάμενος ἃ δεῖ Inscr.Prien. 55.34 (ii B.C.).

2. with pf. Pass. ἡτοίμασμαι, prepare for oneself, τἄλλα ἡτοιμάζετο made his other arrangements, Th. 4.77; ὅπως ἑτοιμάσαιντο τιμωρίαν Id. 1.58; πλείονα ἡτοιμασμένος X. Cyr. 3.3.5; τροφὴν ἡτοιμασμένοι D. 23.209; τὰ πρὸς τὸν βίον Epicur. Sent.Vat. 30, cf. Metrod. Fr. 53.

3. prepare oneself, make oneself ready, c. inf., X Revelation 18:1-24; πρὸς τὴν χειμασίαν Plb. 3.105.11.

III Pass., to be prepared, ἔλεγε ἡτοιμάσθαι that preparations had been made, Th. 6.64, cf. 7.62, etc.; ἑ. τι to be prepared with.., Plb. 8.30.7.. ποιεῖσθαί τι to make a matter one's business, attend to it, Pl. Phdr. 232a, X. Hier. 9.10; so ἐν ἔργῳ τίθεσθαι Ael. VH 4.15. = ἐργασία III, τὸ ἔ. βαφέων CIG 3498 (Thyatira).

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

ἔργον , -ου , τό

(originally Ϝέργον , work),

[very freq. in LXX, chiefly for H6213, H4399, also for H5656, H6466, etc.;]

1. work, task, employment: Mark 13:34, John 4:34; John 17:4, Acts 13:2, Philippians 1:22; Philippians 2:30, 1 Thessalonians 5:13, al.; of an enterprise or undertaking (Deuteronomy 15:10, Wisdom of Solomon 2:12), Acts 5:38.

2. a deed, action: Titus 1:16, James 1:25; disting. from λόγος , Luke 24:19, Romans 15:18, 2 Thessalonians 2:17, John 3:18; ἐν λόγοις κ . ., Acts 7:22; of acts of God, John 9:3, Acts 13:41 (LXX), Hebrews 4:10, Revelation 15:3; of Christ, Matthew 11:2; esp. in Jo, e.g. John 5:20; John 5:36; John 7:3; John 10:38; John 14:11-12; John 15:24; in ethical sense, of human actions (AR, Eph., 190), bad or good, Matthew 23:3, Luke 11:48, John 3:20-21, James 2:14 ff. James 3:13, Revelation 2:5; Revelation 3:8; τὸ ἔ ., collectively, Galatians 6:4, James 1:4, 1 Peter 1:17, Revelation 22:12; τὸ ἔ . τ . νόμου , Romans 2:15; . ἀγαθόν , Romans 2:7, Colossians 1:10, 2 Thessalonians 2:17, Titus 1:16, al.; καλόν , Matthew 26:10, Mark 14:6; pl. (as freq. in cl.), Matthew 5:16, 1 Timothy 5:10; 1 Timothy 5:25, Hebrews 10:24; . πίοτεως , 1 Thessalonians 1:3, 2 Thessalonians 1:11; . πονηρά , Colossians 1:21, 2 John 1:11; νέκρα , Hebrews 6:1; Hebrews 9:14; ἄκαρπα , Ephesians 5:11; . ἀσεβείας , Judges 1:15; τ . σκότους , Romans 13:12, Ephesians 5:11; . νόμου , Romans 3:20; Romans 3:28, Galatians 2:16; Galatians 3:2; Galatians 3:5; Galatians 3:10.

3. that which is wrought or made, a work: 1 Corinthians 3:13-15; τ . χειρῶν , Acts 7:41; of the works of God, Hebrews 1:10; γῆ κ . τὰ ἐν αὐτῇ ἔ ., 2 Peter 3:10; τὸ ἔ . τ . θεοῦ , Romans 14:20.


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

A few miscellaneous exx. of this common word (MGr ἔργο) will suffice : P Petr II. 11(1).3 (mid. iii/B.C.) εἰ δυνατόν ἐστιν καὶ μηθέν σε τῶν ἔργων κωλύει, πειράθητι ἐλθεῖν εἰς τὰ Ἀρσινόεια, P Par 66.71 (i/B.C.) ὧν τὰ ἔργα ἀναβάλουσιν (l. λλ —), ";whose work is postponed,"; P Oxy XII. 1457.13 (B.C. 4–3) [νους ] θηλήας δύο. . ἐργαζομένας μου τὰ ἴδια ἔργα, P Ryl II. 154.20 (A.D. 66) τὰ κατ᾽ ἔ [το ]ς γεωργικὰ ἔργα πάντα, and P Tebt II. 423.3 (early iii/A.D.) ἄλλοτέ σοι ἔγραψα ὑπομιμνήσκων περὶ τῶν ἔργων. In P Giss I. 20.16 (ii/A.D.) the word is almost = ";sample";—ἐργά [ζο ]μαι τὰ ἔρι ̣α ̣[ . . . ] ε ̣͗γρα [ψας. . ὁποῖ ]ον δέ σοι χρῶ [μ ]α ἀρέσ ̣κει, [δήλω ]σον δι᾽ ἐπι [σ ]τολῆς ἢ μεικρὸν ἔρ [γο ]ν (or ἔρ [ιο ]ν, see s.v. ἀρέσκω) αὐτοῦ π [έμψο ]ν.

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
εργα εργά έργα έργά ἔργα εργοις έργοις ἔργοις εργον έργον ἔργον εργου εργού έργου ἔργου εργω έργω ἔργῳ εργων έργων ἔργων erga érga ergo ergō érgoi érgōi ergois érgois ergon ergōn érgon érgōn ergou érgou
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org. Copyright 1999-2021. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
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