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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #2073 - ἑσπέρα

Root Word (Etymology)
from an adjective hesperos (evening)
Parts of Speech
feminine noun
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  1. evening, eventide
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 4606 ‑ מֶעָל (may‑awl');  5844 ‑ עָטָה (aw‑taw');  6148 ‑ עָרַב (aw‑rab');  6153 ‑ עֶרֶב (eh'‑reb);  6153 ‑ עֶרֶב (eh'‑reb);  
Frequency Lists
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KJV (3)
Luke 1
Acts 2
NAS (3)
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Acts 2
CSB (3)
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Acts 2
BSB (3)
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Acts 2
ESV (3)
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Acts 2
WEB (3)
Luke 1
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Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions


Ion. ἐσθ-έρη, ἡ, prop. fem. of ἕσπερος: I (sc. ὥρα),


1. evening, ἑσπέρας at eve, Pi. P. 4.40, Eup. 322, Pl. Phd. 59e, al.; τῆς ἑσπέρας Alex. 125.7; also ἑσπέρην Hp. Mul. 2.121; ἀπὸ ἑσπέρας εὐθύς just at nightfall, Th. 3.112; ἄκρᾳ σὺν ἑσπέρᾳ Pi. P. 11.10; πρὸς ἑσπέραν towards evening, Ar. V. 1085, X. HG 1.1.30, Luke 24:29; εἰς ἑσπέραν Pl. Smp. 223d; ἐπειδὴ ἑσπέρα ἦν ib. 220c; ἐπεὶ πρὸς ἑσπέραν ἦν X. HG 4.3.22; ἑσπέρας γιγνομένης Pl. R. 621a; περὶ ἑσπέραν βαθεῖαν late in the evening, Plu. 2.179e: metaph., ὁ βίος ἑσπέραν ἄγει life is wearing to its eve, Alex. 228; ἑ. βίον Anon. ap. Arist. Po. 1457b24: pl., διχομήνιδες ἑσπέραι evenings when the moon is full, Pi. I. 8(7).47.

2. night, μίαν ἑ. αὐλισάμενος J. BJ 5.2.1.

II (sc. χώρα) the west, πρὸς ἑσπέραν φέρει E. Or. 1260; ἡ πρὸς ἑσπέρην [χώρη] Hdt. 1.82, cf. 3.115; τὸ πρὸς ἑσπέρης Id. 8.130, 132, 4.38; τὰ πρὸς ἑσπέραν Th. 6.2; τὴν ἀνατολὴν ποιεῖσθαι ἀφ' ἑσπέρας Arist. Mete. 345a3, cf. 344b34; τὰ πνεύματα πνεῖ τῆς δείλης ἀπὸ τῆς ἑ. Thphr. Vent. 47: metaph. in political sense, τὰ προφαινόμενα ἀπὸ τῆς ἑ. νέφη Plb. 5.104.9, cf. 9.37.10: ., , the Western Empire, Agath. 4.29, 5.16.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

ἑσπέρα, ἑσπέρας, (ἕσπερος of or at evening), evening, even-tide: Acts 4:3; Acts 28:23; πρός ἑσπέραν ἐστιν, it is toward evening, Luke 24:29. (From Pindar and Herodotus down.)

STRONGS NT 2073a: ἑσπερινός [ἑσπερινός, ἑσπερινῇ, ἑσπερινον, belonging to the evening, evening: φυλακή, Luke 12:38 WH (rejected) marginal reading (the Sept.; Xenophon, Dio Cassius, Athen., others.)]

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

ἑσπέρα , -ας ,

(prop, fem, of ἕσπερος ),

[in LXX chiefly for H6148;]

(a) (sc. ὥρα ), evening: Luke 24:29, Acts 4:3; Acts 20:15; Acts 28:23;

(b) (so. χώρα ), the west.

ἑσπερινός , - , -όν

(= the more freq. ἑσπέριος , -α , -ον ),

[in LXX for H6153, 2 Kings 16:15, Psalms 141:2, al.;]

of the evening, evening: Luke 12:38 (WH, - mg. -).†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

With Luke 24:29 cf. P Par 69 (A.D. 233) πράξας περὶ ἑσπέραν. The word is found in the fragment of a lost Gospel P Oxy IV. 655.2 ἀφ᾽ ἑσπ [έρας ἕως π ]ρωί. In ib. VIII. 1163.2 (v/A.D.) it refers to locality—τῇ τετράδι καταλαβὼν εἰς ἑσ ̣πέραν τὴν Δαρνιτῶν, ";I arrived on the 4th at the western border of Darne"; (Ed.) : cf. Preisigke 4651.11 (A.D. 250–1) καθ᾽ [ ]σπέ [ρ ]αν οἰκία ̣ς. For the rough, instead of the smooth, breathing taking the place of an original simple ϝ see Brugmann-Thumb, p. 52. MGr σπέρα.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
εσπερα εσπέρα ἑσπέρα εσπεραν εσπέραν ἑσπέραν εσπερας εσπέρας ἑσπέρας εσπερινή εσπερινήν εσπερινής εσπερινώ εσπερινών espera esperan esperas hespera hespéra hesperan hespéran hesperas hespéras
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