Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary Greek Lexicon
Strong's #2222 - ζωή
- the state of one who is possessed of vitality or is animate
- every living soul
- of the absolute fulness of life, both essential and ethical, which belongs to God, and through him both to the hypostatic "logos" and to Christ in whom the "logos" put on human nature
- life real and genuine, a life active and vigorous, devoted to God, blessed, in the portion even in this world of those who put their trust in Christ, but after the resurrection to be consummated by new accessions (among them a more perfect body), and to last for ever.
(ζωιή (prob. an error) SIG 577.34 (Milet., iii/ii B.C.)), Dor. ζωά: Ion. and poet. ζόη, Hdt. 1.32, Herod. 10.4, S. Fr. 556, etc. (v. infr.), cf. IG 9(1).86 (Hyampolis), Dor. ζόα: Aeol. ζοΐα Theoc. 29.5: ἡ: —
1. living, i.e. one's substance, property, ἦ γάρ οἱ ζ. γ' ἦν ἄσπετος Od. 14.96; τοὶ δὲ ζωὴν ἐδάσαντο ib. 208; κατὰ ζωὴν φαγέειν 16.429; τὴν ζόην ποιέεσθαι or καταστήσασθαι ἀπὸ or ἐκ.. to get one's living by.., Hdt. 8.105, cf. 2.36, Arist. HA 608b21; ἐξ ἁλός Theoc. Beren. 2.
2. after Hom., life, existence, opp. death, Tyrt. 15.5, Pi. N. 8.36, etc.; θανάτου πέρι καὶ ζωᾶς ib. 9.29; οὐδὲν γὰρ ἄλγος οἷον ἡ πολλὴ ζόη S. Fr. 556; ζόας (ζωᾶς codd.) βιοτά E. HF 664 (lyr.); τοῦ βίου ζωή Pl. Ti. 44c; ὁ τῆς ζ. χρόνος SIG 1210 (Calymna), etc.: as a term of affection, ζωή mylife ! Juv. 6.195: pl., ζόαι A. Fr. 99.13; ζωαί LXX Psalms 63:3-4(62).3(4); μετὰ τὴν μίαν ζ. πολλαὶ ζ. Dam. Pr. 100; αἱ τῆς ψυχῆς ζ. καὶ δυνάμεις Iamb. Comm.Math. 3.
3. way of life, ζόην ἔζωον τὴν αὐτήν Hdt. 4.112, cf. 114.
II ζωή,= γραῦς 11, the scum on milk, Eust. 906.52; ζόη· τὸ ἐπάνω τοῦ μέλιτος, Hsch. [The form ζόη (paroxyt.) is required by the metre in trimeters in S. Fr. 556, E. Hec. 1108, and in lyrics S. Fr. 592, E. Med. 976, al., ζωή never: ζόη in other Poets, Call. Fr. 114, Theoc. 18.9, Herod. 10.4.] (For the root, cf. ζῶ: fancifully connected with ζέω and ζητέω, Dam. Pr. 81: in signf. 11 ζόη prob. fr. ζέω.)
ζωή, ζωῆς, ἡ (from ζάω, ζῶ), the Sept. chiefly for חַיִּים; life;
1. universally, life, i. e. the state of one who is possessed of vitality or is animate: 1 Peter 3:10 (on which see ἀγαπάω); Hebrews 7:3, 16; αὐτός (ὁ Θεός) διδούς πᾶσιν ζωήν καί πνοήν, Acts 17:25; πνεῦμα ζωῆς ἐκ τοῦ Θεοῦ, the vital spirit, the breath of (i. e. imparting) life, Revelation 11:11 (Ezekiel 37:5); πᾶσα ψυχή ζωῆς, genitive of possess, every living soul, Revelation 16:3 G L T Tr text WH; spoken of earthly life: ἡ ζωή τίνος, Luke 12:15; Acts 8:33 (see αἴρω, 3 h.); James 4:14; ἐν τῇ ζωή σου, whilst thou wast living on earth, Luke 16:25 (ἐν τῇ ζωή αὐτοῦ, Sir. 30:5 Sir. 50:1); ἐν τῇ ζωή ταύτῃ, 1 Corinthians 15:19; πᾶσαι αἱ ἡμέραι τῆς ζωῆς τίνος, Luke 1:75 Rec. (Genesis 3:14; Psalm 127:5
2. used emphatically,
a. "of the absolute fullness of life, both essential and ethical, which belongs to God, and through him both to the hypostatic λόγος and to Christ" in whom the λόγος put on human nature: ὥσπερ ὁ πατήρ ἔχει ζωήν ἐν ἑαυτῷ, οὕτως ἔδωκεν καί τῷ υἱῷ ζωήν ἔχειν ἐν ἑαυτῷ, John 5:26; ἐν αὐτῷ (namely, τῷ λόγῳ) ζωή ἦν καί ἡ ζωή ἦν τό φῶς τῶν ἀνθρώπων, in him life was (comprehended), and the life (transfused from the Logos into created natures) was the light (i. e. the intelligence) of men (because the life of men is self-conscious, and thus a fountain of intelligence springs up), John 1:4; ὁ λόγος τῆς ζωῆς, the Logos having life in itself and communicating it to others, 1 John 1:1; ἡ ζωή ἐφανερώθη, was manifested in Christ, clothed in flesh, 1 John 1:2. From this divine fountain of life flows forth that life which is next to be defined: viz.
b. life real and genuine, vita quae sola vita nominanda (Cicero, de sen. 21, 77), "a life active and vigorous, devoted to God, blessed, the portion even in this world of those who put their trust in Christ, but after the resurrection to be consummated by new accessions (among them a more perfect body), and to last forever" (the writers of the O. T. have anticipated the conception, in their way, by employing חַיִּים to denote a happy life and every kind of blessing: Deuteronomy 30:15, 19; Malachi 2:5; Psalm 33:13
d. Apokalypse, p. 174f; ὕδωρ ζωῆς, water the use of which serves to maintain eternal life, Revelation 21:6; Revelation 22:1, 17; in the same sense ζωῆς πηγαί ὑδάτων, Revelation 7:17 G L T Tr WH; ἡ βίβλος and τό βιβλίον τῆς ζωῆς, the book in which the names of those are recorded to whom eternal life has been decreed: Philippians 4:3; Revelation 3:5; Revelation 13:8; Revelation 17:8; Revelation 20:12, 15; Revelation 21:27; (Revelation 22:19 Rec.; cf. Lightfoot on Philippians, the passage cited), more fully ἡ ὄντως (Rec. αἰώνιος) ζωή, 1 Timothy 6:19; ζωή αἰώνιος (cf. above) (Justin Martyr, de resurr. i., p. 588 c. ὁ λόγος ... διδούς ἡμῖν ἐν ἑαυτῷ τήν ἐκ νεκρῶν ἀνάστασιν καί τήν μετά ταῦτα ζωήν αἰώνιον), Matthew 25:46 (opposed to κόλασις αἰώνιος); Acts 13:46, 48; Romans 2:7; Romans 6:22; Galatians 6:8; 1 Timothy 6:12; after ἐν τῷ αἰῶνι τῷ ἐρχομένῳ, Mark 10:30; Luke 18:30; ἔχειν ζωήν αἰώνιον Matthew 19:16; κληρονομεῖν, Matthew 19:29; Mark 10:17; Luke 10:25; Luke 18:18; εἰς ζωήν αἰώνιον, unto the attainment of life eternal, John 12:25; Romans 5:21; 1 Timothy 1:16; Jude 1:21 (Daniel 12:2; 4 Macc. 15:2; ἀενναος ζωή, 2 Macc. 7:36; ἀΐδιος ζωή, Ignatius ad Eph. 19 [ET]). Cf. Köstlin, Lehrbegriff des Ev. Johann. etc., pp. 234ff, 338ff; Reuss, Johann. Theologie (in Beiträge zu d. theol. Wissenschaften, vol. i.), p. 76ff (cf. his Hist. de la Theol. Chret., book vii., chapter xiv.); Lipsius, Paulin. Rechtfertigungslehre, pp. 152ff 185f; Güder in Herzog viii. 254 (2nd edition, 509ff); B. B. Brückner, De notione vocis ζωή in N. T. Lipsius 1858; Huther,
d. Bedeut. d. Begriffe ζωή u. πιστεύειν im N. T., in the Jahrbb. f. deutsche Theol. 1872, p. 1ff (For the relations of the term to heathen conceptions cf. G. Teichmüller, Aristotle, Forsch. iii., p. 127ff) Some, as Bretschneider, Wahl, Wilke, especially Käuffer (in his book De biblica ζωῆς αἰωνίου notione. Dresd. 1838), maintain that ζωή αἰώνιος everywhere even in John's writings refers to life after the resurrection; but in this way they are compelled not only to assume a prophetic use of the perfect in the saying ἐκ τοῦ θανάτου μεταβεβηκέναι εἰς τήν ζωήν (John 5:24; 1 John 3:14), but also to interpret the common phrase ἔχει ζωήν αἰώνιον as meaning he has eternal life as his certain portion though as yet only in hope, as well as to explain ζωήν αἰώνιον οὐκ ἔχειν ἐν ἑαυτῷ μένουσαν (1 John 3:15) of the hope of eternal life. (Synonym: see βίος, at the end.)
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ζωή , -ῆς , ἡ
[in LXX chiefly for H3117 H2416;]
life (in Hom., Hdt., = βίος , q.v.; later, existence, vita qua vivimus, as distinct from βίος , vita quam vivimus; opp. to θάνατος );
1. of natural life: Luke 16:26, Acts 8:33, 1 Corinthians 15:19, 1 Timothy 4:8, Hebrews 7:3, James 4:14; πνεῦμα ζωῆς , Revelation 11:11; ψυχὴ ζωῆς (Genesis 1:30), Revelation 16:3; of the life of one risen from the dead, Romans 5:10, Hebrews 7:16.
2. Of the life of the kingdom of God, the present life of grace and the life of glory which is to follow (Dalman, Words, 156 n'.; Westc., Epp. J0., 214 ff.; Cremer, 272 ff.): John 6:51; John 6:53 Romans 7:10; Romans 8:6; Romans 8:10 Philippians 2:16, Colossians 3:4, 2 Peter 1:3; αἰώνιος (reff. supr.; DCG, i, 538a, ii, 30 f.), John 4:36; John 12:50; John 17:3, 1 John 1:2, al.; τ . φῶς τῆς ζ ., John 8:12; ὁ Λόγος τ . ζ ., 1 John 1:1; ὁ ἄρτος τ . ζ ., John 6:35; John 6:48; δικαίωσις ζωῆς , Romans 5:18; μετάνοια εἰς ζ ., Acts 11:18; ἐν αὐτῷ ζ . ἦν , John 1:4; ζ . ἡ ἐν . Χ . Ἰ ., 2 Timothy 1:1; τὰ πρὸς ζωήν , 2 Peter 1:3, al.; στέφανος τῆς ζ ., James 1:12, Revelation 2:10; χάρις ζωῆς (gen. expl.), 1 Peter 3:7; ζ . καὶ εἰρήνη , Romans 8:6; ζ . καἰ ἀφθαροέα , 2 Timothy 1:10; ἀνάστασις ζωῆς , John 5:29; βίβλος ζωῆς , Philippians 4:3, Revelation 3:6; ξύλον ζωῆς , Revelation 2:7; ὕδωρ ζωῆς , Revelation 22:17; meton., of that which has life: τ . πνεῦμα , Romans 8:10; ῥήματα , John 6:63; of one who gives life, John 11:25; John 14:6, 1 John 1:2; ἡ ἐντολή , John 12:50.
SYN.: see βίος G979.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
P Lond 177.11 (A.D. 40–1) (= II. p. 168) ἐπὶ τὸν τῆς ζωῆς αὐτῆς χρόνον, and so often, P Oxy VII. 1070.9 (iii/A.D.) τὸν μέγαν θεὸν Σαρᾶπιν παρακαλῶ περί τε τῆς ζωῆς ὑμῶν καὶ τῶν ἡμῶν πάν [τ ]ων, P Leid Wxvii. 16 (ii/iii A.D.) ὁ ἐνφυσήσας πνεῦμα ἀνθρώποις εἰς ζωήν. For OGIS 266.29 (iii/B.C.) ἕως ζωῆς καὶ θανά [του = ἐν ζωῇ ἕως θανάτου see Dittenberger’s note ad loc. We may also refer to the touching inscr. cited s.v. γλυκύς sub fin. In contrast to the classical usage in which βίος is the ethical term (see further s.v. βίος), the ";nobler"; connotation is attached in Biblical Greek to ζωή, which is generally used as equivalent to ";the very highest blessedness"; : see Trench Syn. p. 86 ff., and cf. Hort Hulsean Lectures, pp. 98 ff., 189 ff., for an important discussion on the Biblical doctrine of Life. In ZNTW xii. p. 228 ff. Burkitt treats the relation of ζωή to hayy+m. The noun survives in MGr.
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Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org.
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