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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #2339 - θήρα

Root Word (Etymology)
from ther (a wild animal, as game)
Parts of Speech
feminine noun
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  1. a hunting of wild beasts to destroy them
  2. metaph. of preparing destruction for men
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 2963 ‑ טָרַף (taw‑raf');  2964 ‑ טֶרֶף (teh'‑ref);  6718 ‑ צַיִד (tsah'‑yid);  7568 ‑ רֶשֶׁת (reh'‑sheth);  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (1)
Romans 1
NAS (1)
Romans 1
CSB (1)
Romans 1
BSB (1)
Romans 1
ESV (1)
Romans 1
WEB (1)
Romans 1
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions


Ion. θήρη, ἡ,


1. hunting of wild beasts, the chase, βάν ῥ' ἴμεν ἐς θήρην Od. 19.429; αἵμονα θήρης Il. 5.49; ἰέναι ἐπὶ τὴν θήρην Hdt. 1.37, 4.114, cf. Ar. Fr. 2 D.; ζῶσι ἀπὸ θ. Hdt. 4.22, cf. Arist. Pol. 1256a35; ἐποίησε μεγάλην θήραν X. Cyr. 1.4.14; θ. ποιεῖσθαι Arist. HA 541a20; τὰς θ. τῶν ὀρτύγων ἐποιοῦντο D.S. 1.60; τοῦ πτηνοῦ γένους θ., = ὀρνιθευτική, Pl. Sph. 220b; ἡ περὶ θάλατταν θ. fishing, Id. Lg. 823d; κυνηγεσία καὶ ἡ ἄλλη θ. ib. 763b: pl., πέρδικες εἰς τὰς θ. ἀγόμεναι, of decoy birds, Arist. GA 751a14, cf. Phld. Ir. p.42 W., Ant.Lib. 41.2. in Ptolemaic Egypt, στρατηγὸς ἐπὶ τὴν θ. τῶν ἐλεφάντων OGI 82, 86 (iii B.C.), cf. Str. 16.4.5, 7, Wilcken Chr. 385.14 (iii B.C.), PPetr. 3p.292 (iii B.C.), etc.

2. metaph., eager pursuit of anything, θήραν.. ἔχομεν τόξων, = θηρῶμεν τὰ τόξα, S. Ph. 840; δυσμενῶν θήραν ἔχειν Id. Aj. 564; θ. ἀνθρώπων Pl. Sph. 222b, 222c; τοῦ ἡδέος Id. Grg. 500d; ἐπιστημῶν Id. Tht. 198a, etc.

II prey, game, αἶψα δ' ἔδωκε θεὸς μενοεικέα θήρην Od. 9.158, cf. A. Ch. 251, E. Ba. 1144; πρὶν κινεῖσθαι τὴν θ. X. Cyr. 2.4.25; θήραν καλήν, of a prisoner, S. Ph. 609: in pl., ὦ πταναὶ θῆραι, of birds, ib. 1146 (lyr.); τὴν θ. ἐπὶ τοῦ μέσου τηροῦσα watching its prey, of a spider, Arist. HA 623a13.

III hunting-ground, preserve, Ἁδριανοῦ θῆραι D.C. 69.10. in Roman times, the games of the Circus, Epigr.Gr. 351.3 (Nicaea).

Thayer's Expanded Definition

θήρα (Latinfera; perhaps from root to run, spring, prey, Vanicek, p. 415; cf. Curtius, § 314), θήρας, ; from Homer down; a hunting of wild beasts to destroy them; hence, figuratively, of preparing destruction for men (A. V. a trap), Romans 11:9, on which cf. Fritzsche.

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

θήρα , -ας , ,

[in LXX for H6718, H2963, H7568, and cogn. forms;]

1. a hunting, chase (Hat., Xen., al.).

2. prey, game (c1.).

3. As in Psalms 35:8 = H7568, a net: Romans 11:9 (but v. Thayer, s.v.).†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

PSI IV. 350.4 (B.C. 254–3) ἐμοὶ δὲ τῶι ὄντι πρὸς τῆι θήραι εὐτάκτως ἐφέλκεται τὰ ὀψώνια, P Tebt II. 612 (c) (i/ii A.D.) θήρας ἀγρι ̣ω ̣ν Τεβ [τ ]ύνεως : in P Hamb I. 6.11 (A.D. 129) μηδὲν ἀπὸ θή [ρ ]ας ἰχθύας π ̣εριγεγονέναι μεχρὶ ν ̣ῦν, the reference is to the tax paid on fish caught in Lake Moeris, cf. PSI II. 160.8 (A.D. 149). See also OGIS 82.6 (end of iii/B.C.) στρατηγὸς ἀποσταλεὶς ἐπὶ τὴν θήραν τῶν ἐλεφάντων τὸ δεύτερον, Preisigke 285.2 (Ptol.) οἱ ὑπογεγραμμένοι κυνηγοὶ ἐπὶ τὴν θήραν τῶν τράγων.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
θήρα θηραν θήραν θήρας θήρευμα θηρεύματα θηρευτάς θηρευτών theran thēran thḗran
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