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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #2557 - κακοῦργος

Root Word (Etymology)
from (G2556) and the base of (G2041)
Parts of Speech
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  1. a malefactor
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (4)
Luke 3
2 Timothy 1
NAS (4)
Luke 3
2 Timothy 1
CSB (4)
Luke 3
2 Timothy 1
BSB (4)
Luke 3
2 Timothy 1
ESV (4)
Luke 3
2 Timothy 1
WEB (4)
Luke 3
2 Timothy 1
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions


κακοεργός (also late Prose, Porph. Abst. 2.38; δαιμόνια κακοεργά Aen.Gaz. Thphr. p.60B.), ον, (ἔργον)


1. doing ill, mischievous, knavish, once in Hom., ἀλλά με γαστὴρ ὀτρύνει κακοεργός importunate, Od. 18.54; freq. later, κλῶπες κακοῦργοι Hdt. 1.41; κ. ἀνήρ S. Aj. 1043; also κακουργότατος λόγος D. 20.125; κ. μάχαιρα AP 11.136 (Lucill.); -ότατα εἰπεῖν Antipho 2.4.2. Adv. -γως Poll. 3.132.

2. as Subst., malefactor, criminal in the eye of the law, Ps.-Phoc. 133, Th. 1.134, PLille 1.7.20 (iii B.C.), Luke 23:32, etc.; οὐδεὶς κακοεργός Theoc. 15.47; at Athens, technically, thief, robber, ὁ τῶν κακούργων νόμος Antipho 5.9, cf. 16, Lys. 13.78, D. 22.28, 24.102.

II c. gen., doing harm to, κ. μὲν τῶν ἄλλων, ἑαυτοῦ δὲ πολὺ -ότερος, X. Mem. 1.5.3, cf. Pl. R. 421b: abs., harmful, κ. ἐπιθυμίαι ib. 554c; καρτερία Id. La. 192d; ἄγνοια -οτάτη καὶ αἰσχίστη Id. Alc. 1.118a.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

κακοῦργος, κακουργον (contracted from κακοεργος, from κακόν and ἘΡΓΩ; cf. πανοῦργος, and on the accent of both see Göttling, Lehre v. Accent, p. 321; (Chandler § 445)), as a substantive, a malefactor: 2 Timothy 2:9; of a robber, Luke 23:32f (cf. Winers Grammar, 530 (493); Buttmann, § 150, 3), 39. (Proverbs 21:15; in Greek writings from (Sophocles and) Herodotus down.)

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

κακοῦργος , -ον

(contr. from epic κακόεργος ),

[in LXX. Proverbs 21:15 (H205, H6466), Ezra 8:13, Sirach 11:33; Sirach 33:26 (Sirach 33:26)*;]

a malefactor, criminal: Luke 23:32-33; Luke 23:39, 2 Timothy 2:9.†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

P Lille I. 7.20 (iii/B.C.) ἀνενήνοχέν με εἰς τὸ. . . δεσμωτήριον, φάσκων εἶναί με κακοῦργον, P Hib I. 62.8 (B.C. 245) κακοῦργον τὸν τ [ὴν ] λείαν ποιήσαντα ἐπικαλεῖ Τνᾶς Ἁρνούφιος, P Fay 108.11 (c. A.D. 171) ἐπῆλθαν ἡμεῖν κακοῦργοί τινες, and P Amh II. 83.4 (iii/iv A.D.) where in connexion with a census certain irregularities are alleged οὐχ ὑπὸ τοῦ κηνσίτορος ἀλλ᾽ ὑπό τινων κακούργων. This last document shows also the verb—.10 κακουργῆσαι καὶ τολμῆσαι : cf. P Oxy XII. 1468.4 (c. A.D. 258) τοῖς κακουργεῖν προχείρως ἔχουσιν, ";those who are designing to commit crime,"; and .19 εὗρέν τι κακουργηθέν, ";she discovered that a crime had been committed."; For the subst. see ib. 1469.18 (A.D. 298) τῆς τοῦ βοηθοῦ τοῦ στρατηγοῦ κακουργίας καταφανοῦς οὔσης, ";the unfairness of the assistant of the strategus is evident"; (Edd.), P Oxy I. 71i. 10 (A.D. 303) ἐπειράθη μέν τινα κακουργίαν ἐπὶ ἀποστερέσι τῇ ἡμετέρᾳ ποιήσασθαι διὰ τὸ ἀγράμματόν με εἶναι, ";he attempted, owing to my being illiterate, to commit a fraud to my detriment"; (Edd.). In P Gen I. 31.17 (A.D. 145–6) the editor supplies κακούργημαἐάν σοι δόξῃ. . . πέρας ἐπιθεῖναι τοῖς κ [ακουργήμασι, remarking that the word is strong, but that it is a step-mother who speaks! The adj. ἀκακούργητος is used with reference to the delivery of cargo ";safe and sound"; in P Lond 948.8 (A.D. 236) (= III. 220) φορτία. . . σῶα καὶ ἀκακούργητα.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
κακουργοι κακούργοι κακοῦργοι κακούργοις κακουργος κακούργος κακοῦργος κακουργους κακούργους κακουργων κακούργων kakourgoi kakoûrgoi kakourgon kakourgōn kakoúrgon kakoúrgōn kakourgos kakoûrgos kakourgous kakoúrgous
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