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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #2613 - καταδικάζω

Root Word (Etymology)
from (G2596) and a derivative of (G1349)
Parts of Speech
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  1. to give judgment against (one), to pronounce guilty
  2. to condemn
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 2325 ‑ חָיַב (khoob, khaw‑yab');  5791 ‑ עָוַת (aw‑vath');  7561 ‑ רָשַׁע (raw‑shah');  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (6)
Matthew 2
Luke 3
James 1
HCS (0)
HCS (5)
Matthew 2
Luke 2
James 1
BSB (6)
Matthew 2
Luke 2
Acts 1
James 1
ESV (5)
Matthew 1
Luke 2
Acts 1
James 1
WEB (7)
Matthew 3
Luke 3
James 1
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions


I. give judgement or sentence against a person, condemn, opp. ἀποδικάζω: —

Constr.: c. gen. pers. et acc. rei, κ. τινὸς θάνατον Hdt. 1.45; τὴν διπλασίαν (sc. ζημίαν) Lexap. D. 24.105; πολλὴν μοχθηρίαν J. Ap. 1.24; πολλὴν τὴν ἀπόγνωσιν Luc. Merc.Cond. 11: c. gen. pers. et inf., κ. σεαυτοῦ τὰ ἔσχατα παθεῖν X. Cyr. 3.1.9, cf. An. 6.6.15: c. gen. pers. only, Luc. DMort. 29.2: abs., Pl. Lg. 958c; τᾶν ψάφων ταὶ -δικάζουσαι SIG 953.83 (Calymna, ii B. C.):

Med., get sentence given against a person, δίκην καταδικάσασθαί τινος Th. 5.49, D. 21.176; κ. τινός, without acc., Lys. 23.14, D. 47.18; κ. τινὸς Χρημάτων get a person condemned [to a payment] of money, Paus. 6.3.7: abs., Pl. Lg. 857a, PHal. 1.65 (iii B. C.), etc.:

Pass., καταδικασθείς condemned, Pl. Lg. 958c; ὑπὸ ἐχθρῶν Phld. Ir. p.51 W.; ἐπὶ φόνῳ for murder, D.S. 4.76; ἐπὶ κακουργία Id. 3.12; later καταδικασθῆναι θανάτῳ to be condemned to death, Id. 13.101, etc.; θάνατον D.C. 68.1; τὴν ἐπὶ θανάτῳ Artem. 4.60; φυγήν App. Ital. 3; εἰς ἀλαβαστρῶνα Sammelb. 4639.2 (iii A.D.); εἰς δοῦλον, εἰς νῆσον, Artem. 4.65, 5.21: c. inf., καταδικάζεται ἀποθανεῖν Luc. VH 1.29; of the sentence, ἀντέλεγον μὴ δικαίως σφῶν καταδεδικάσθαι that judgement had been given against them unjustly, Th. 5.49; later -δικασθείσης αὐτοῦ δίκης PHal. 1.44 (iii B.C.), cf. PLille 29.6 (iii B.C.); of fines imposed, τὰ -θέντα ἐκπραξέω IG 22.1126.5 (Amphict. Delph.).

II Med., have judgement given in one's favour, Isa 4.9, 10.24.

III declare by express judgement, ὅτι.. X. An. 5.8.21. Pass., to be bound by a law, Men.Prot. p.39 D.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

καταδικάζω; 1 aorist κατεδίκασα; 1 aorist passive κατεδικασθην; 1 future passive καταδικασθήσομαι; to give judgment against (one), to pronounce guilty; to condemn; in classical Greek (where it differs from κρίνειν in giving prominence to the formal and official as distinguished from the inward and logical judging (cf. Schmidt, Synonym, chapter 18, 6)) it is followed by the genitive of the person, in the N. T. by the accusative (Buttmann, § 132, 16): Matthew 12:7; Luke 6:37 (here Tr marginal reading the simple verb); James 5:6; passive, Matthew 12:37; (Luke 6:37b (not Tr marginal reading)). (the Sept. Lamentations 3:35; Josephus, Antiquities 7, 11, 3.)

STRONGS NT 2613a: καταδίκη καταδίκη, καταδίκης, ;

1. damnatory sentence, condemnation: Acts 25:15 L T Tr WH; ((Epicharm. in Ath. 2, 3, p. 36 d.), Polybius, Plutarch, Irenaeus 1, 16, 3).

2. penalty, especially a fine; (Thucydides, Demosthenes, Lucian).

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

κατα -δικάζω ,

[in LXX: Psalms 94:21 (H7561 hi.), Lamentations 3:36 (H5791 pi.), Wisdom of Solomon 2:20, al.;]

to pass sentence upon, condemn; in cl., c. gen. pers. (acc rei); in late writers (so LXX), c. acc pers. (θανάτῳ , Wis, l.c.): Matthew 12:7, James 5:6; absol. (as Plat., Legg., 958c), Luke 6:37; pass., Matthew 12:37, Luke 6:37.†

δικάζω ,

to judge: Luke 6:37 (Tr., mg.; see καταδ -; Cremer, 199).†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

A good example of this legal term, which preserves the same form and meaning in MGr, is afforded by the fragment of a legal code of iii/B.C., which begins—ἐὰν δέ τις περὶ ἀδικήματος ἑ [τέ ]ρο [υ ] οἰκέτηι ὄντι δίκην γραψάμενος, ὡς ἐλευθέρωι, καταδικάσηται, ἐξέστω τῶι κυρίωι ἀναδικῆσαι ἐν ἡμέραις ε ̄, ἀφ᾽ ἧς ἂν ἡ εἴσπραξις γίνηται, καὶ ἂν καταδικασθῆι ἡ δίκη, τότε ἐπιδεκάτων ἢ ἐπιπεντεκαιδεκάτων ἀποτινέτω ὁ κύριος κτλ. (P Lille I. 29.1 ff.). Cf. P Hal I. 1.44 (iii/B.C.) ἐὰν δέ τις καταδικασθείσης αὐτοῦ δίκης ἐπιλαβόμενος τῶν μαρτύρων γράψηται δίκην κατὰ τὸ διάγραμμα, and so .65. For κατεδικάσθη see P Petr II. 28(1).8 (B.C. 225), and ib. 27(2).3, .8, and for ἀπεδικάσθη, ib. III. 21(a).3, .9 (time of Euergetes I.). [In P Par 51.25 (B.C. 160) (= Selections, p. 21) Wilcken (Archiv vi. p. 205) now reads σὺ κατέδιξας (= κατέδειξας) for κατεδίκας (= κατεδίκασας) διδύμας.] We may also cite a papyrus letter of A.D. 209 with reference to the release of a man who had been condemned to work in the alabaster quarries, Preisigke 4639.2 Νιγέραν Παπειρίου καταδικασθέντα εἰς ἀλαβαστρῶνα ἐπὶ πενταετίαν. . . πληρώσαντα τὸν τῆς καταδίκης χρόνον ἀπέλυσα. See further Artem. v. 49 καταδικασθεὶς τὴν ἐπὶ θανάτῳ καὶ προσδεθεὶς ξύλῳ ἐβρώθη ὑπὸ ἄρκτου.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
καταδεδικασμένος καταδικαζετε καταδικάζετε καταδικάσαι καταδικάσεται καταδικάσηται καταδικάσητε καταδικασθηση καταδικασθήση καταδικασθήσῃ καταδικασθητε καταδικασθήτε καταδικασθῆτε καταδικάσονται καταδικην καταδίκην κατεδικασατε κατεδικάσατε κατεδίωξεν katadikasthese katadikasthēsē katadikasthḗsei katadikasthḗsēi katadikasthete katadikasthête katadikasthēte katadikasthē̂te katadikazete katadikázete katadiken katadikēn katadíken katadíkēn katedikasate katedikásate
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