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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #2621 - κατάκειμαι

Root Word (Etymology)
from (G2596) and (G2749)
Parts of Speech
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  1. to have lain down, i.e. to lie prostrate
    1. of the sick
    2. of those at meals, to recline
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 1961 ‑ הָיָה (haw‑yaw');  7901 ‑ שָׁכַב (shaw‑kab');  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (10)
Mark 4
Luke 1
John 2
Acts 2
1 Corinthians 1
NAS (12)
Mark 5
Luke 3
John 2
Acts 1
1 Corinthians 1
HCS (12)
Mark 4
Luke 3
John 2
Acts 2
1 Corinthians 1
BSB (12)
Mark 4
Luke 3
John 2
Acts 2
1 Corinthians 1
ESV (10)
Mark 4
Luke 2
John 2
Acts 1
1 Corinthians 1
WEB (11)
Mark 4
Luke 2
John 2
Acts 2
1 Corinthians 1
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

κατάκειμαι, Ephesians 3:1-21 pl. κατακείαται Il. 24.527: Ion. plpf. κατεκέατο Hdt. 7.229; subj. -κέωμαι Pl. Smp. 213b:

Pass., only in pres. and impf. with fut. Med. -κείσομαι: —

1. lie down, μῆλα τὰ δὴ κατάκειτ' ἐσφαγμένα Od. 10.532; ἐπὶ πλευρὰς κ. Il. 24.10; νέκυς κ. Tyrt. 11.19; ἐφ' ἁρμαμαξῶν μαλθακῶς κατακείμενοι Ar. Ach. 70.

2. lie hid, ἐν λόχμῃ.. κατέκειτο μέγας σῦς Od. 19.439; θάμνῳ ὑπ' ἀμφικόμῳ κατακείμενος Il. 17.677.

3. lie stored up, δοιοὶ γάρ τε πίθοι κατακείαται ἐν Διὸς οὔδει Il. 24.527; τό γ ἐν οἴκῳ κατακείμενον ἀνέρα κήδει Hes. Op. 364: metaph., ἄλγεα.. ἐν θυμῷ κ. Il. 24.523. to be deposited, of deeds in a registry, POxy. 1040.32 (iii A.D.), etc.

4. lie sick, keep one's bed, Hdt. 7.229, Mark 1:30, etc.; lie in bed, Ar. Ec. 313; ἐφ' ὃ κατέκειτο Luke 5:25.

5. lodge, reside, Hp. Epid. 1.26. έ, 3.1. γ, al.

6. to be idle, X. An. 3.1.14; of things, lie neglected, καθεύδειν ἐᾶν ἐν τῇ γῇ κατακείμενα τὰ τείχη Pl. Lg. 778d.

7. recline at meals, πῖνε, κατάκεισο Ar. Ach. 985, cf. Hdt. 3.121, Pl. Smp. 185d, Mark 14:3.

8. of land, lie sloping to the sea, πρῶνες ἔξοχοι -κεινται Pi. N. 4.52.

9. ἀρετᾷ κατάκειται πᾶσαν ὀργάν is expended in every impulse on.., Id. I. 1.41.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

κατάκειμαι; imperfect 3 person singular κατέκειτο; (κεῖμαι, to lie (see κατά, III. 1)); to have lain down i. e. to lie prostrate;

a. of the sick (cf. colloquial, 'down sick') (Herodotus 7, 229; Lucian, Icarom. 31; (Plutarch, vit. Cicero 43, 3)): Mark 1:30; John 5:6; Acts 28:8; followed by ἐπί with the dative of the couch or pallet, Mark 2:4 R G L marginal reading; (Acts 9:33 R G); Luke 5:25 R L; ἐπί τιονς, Acts 9:33 (L T Tr WH); ἐπί τί, Luke 5:25 T Tr WH (Buttmann, § 147, 24 note; Winer's Grammar, 408 (381) note); ἐν with the dative of place, John 5:3.

b. of those at meals, to recline (Athen. 1, 42, p. 23 c.; Xenophon, an. 6, 1, 4; conv. 1, 14; Plato, conv., p. 177 d.; rep. ii., p. 372 d., etc.; (Diogenes Laërtius 7, 1, 19; see ἀνάκειμαι): absolutely, Mark 14:3; Luke 5:29; followed by ἐν with the dative of place, Mark 2:15; 1 Corinthians 8:10; Luke 7:37 L T Tr WH.

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

κατά -κειμαι ,

[in LXX: Proverbs 6:9; Proverbs 23:34 (H7901), Judith 13:15, Wisdom of Solomon 17:7*;]

1. to lie down.

2. to lie sick: Mark 1:30; Mark 2:4, John 5:6, Acts 28:8; seq. ἐπί c. gen., Acts 9:33; id. c. acc, Luke 5:25; ἐν , John 5:3.

3. to recline at meals (cf. ἀνάιειμαι ): Mark 14:3, Luke 5:29; seq. ἐν , Mark 2:15, Luke 7:37, 1 Corinthians 8:10.†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

For this verb used of one ill, as in Mark 1:30 al., cf. P Ryl II. 68.16 (B.C. 89) ω ̣̓́[στε ] διὰ τὰς πληγὰς ἀρρωστη ̣σ ̣α ̣σα (l. σαν) κατακεῖσαι (l. κεῖσθαι) κινδυνεύο ̣υ ̣σα (l. σαν) τῶι βίωι, ";the blows caused me to be laid up with sickness and my life is endangered"; (Edd.), P Tebt II. 422.19 (iii/A.D.) κατα ̣κιται, ";she is laid up,"; and see Field Notes, p. 25. The word has a technical significance in P Oxy VII. 1040.32 (A.D. 225) κύρια [τὰ γ ]ράμματα δισσὰ γραφέντα ὡς ἐν [δ ]ημοσίῳ κατακείμενα, ";this bond, which is written in duplicate, is valid as if publicly registered"; (Ed.), ib. X. 1257.1 (iii/A.D.) τῷ κατ᾽ ἄνδρα τῷ ἐν δ [η ]μοσ [ίῳ κατα ]κειμένῳ, ";to the individual list lodged in the archives"; (Edd.). See also P Strass I. 41.29 (A.D. 250) δύο ταλάντ ]ων παρ᾽ ἐκείνῳ κ [ατ ]ακειμένων, ";indem die zwei Talente bei ihm beruhten"; (Ed.), and the contracted κα ̣τα ̣κ in Meyer Ostr 76.2 (A.D. 68) which the editor resolves into κατακ (ειμένου) and understands as referring to ";verfallenen (?)"; wheat. In Kaibel 702.7 κατάκειμε λιπὼν πένθος γονέ [εσ ]σι, the compound takes the place of the simplex κεῖμε in .1.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
κατακειμενοι κατακείμενοι κατακειμενον κατακείμενον κατακειμενου κατακειμένου κατάκεισαι κατακείσεται κατακείση κατακεισθαι κατακείσθαι κατακεῖσθαι κατακειται κατάκειται κατακεκεντημένοι κατακενούν κατακέντει κατεκειτο κατέκειτο κατεκένωσεν katakeimenoi katakeímenoi katakeimenon katakeímenon katakeimenou katakeiménou katakeisthai katakeîsthai katakeitai katákeitai katekeito katékeito
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