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Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #2673 - καταργέω
- to render idle, unemployed, inactivate, inoperative
- to cause a person or thing to have no further efficiency
- to deprive of force, influence, power
- to cause to cease, put an end to, do away with, annul, abolish
- to cease, to pass away, be done away
- to be severed from, separated from, discharged from, loosed from any one
- to terminate all intercourse with one
1. leave unemployed or idle, Χέρα E. Ph. 753; κατηργηκέναι τοὺς καιρούς to have missed the opportunities, Plb. Fr. 176; κ. τὴν γῆν make the ground useless, cumber it, Luke 13:7.
2. cause to be idle, hinder in one's work, LXX 2 Esdras 4:21, POxy. 38.17 (i A.D.): — Pass., LXX 2 Esdras 6:8; to be rendered or lie idle, PFlor. 176.7 (iii A.D.), etc.
II make of no effect, Romans 3:3; Romans 3:31, al.: — Pass., to be abolished, cease, ib.6.6, 1 Corinthians 2:6, etc.; κ. ἀπὸ τοῦ νόμου to be set free from.., Romans 7:2; to be parted, ἀπὸ Χριστοῦ Galatians 5:4.
κατ -αργέω , -ῶ
(< κατά , causative, ἀργός = ἀ -εργός ),
[in LXX: 2 Esdras 4:21; 2 Esdras 4:23; 2 Esdras 5:5; 2 Esdras 6:8 (H989)*;]
to make idle or inactive (χέρας , Eur., Phœn., 753): of soil occupied by an unfruitful tree, Luke 13:7. Metaph. (Inscr.), to render inoperative or invalid, to abrogate, abolish: Romans 3:3; Romans 3:31, 1 Corinthians 1:28; 1 Corinthians 6:13; 1 Corinthians 13:11; 1 Corinthians 15:24, Galatians 3:17, Ephesians 2:15, 2 Thessalonians 2:8, 2 Timothy 1:10, Hebrews 2:14; pass., Romans 4:14; Romans 6:6, 1 Corinthians 2:6; 1 Corinthians 13:8; 1 Corinthians 13:10; 1 Corinthians 15:26, 2 Corinthians 3:7; 2 Corinthians 3:11-14 Galatians 5:11; seq. ἀπό (of persons), to be separated, discharged or loosed from, Romans 7:2; Romans 7:6, Galatians 5:4.†
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
This favourite Pauline verb (see Milligan on 2 Thessalonians 2:8) is found in the weakened sense of ";hinder"; in P Oxy I. 38.17 (A.D. 49–50) (= Selections, p. 54) καταργοῦντός με χειρότεχνον ὄντα, ";hinders me in my handicraft,"; and not infrequently = ";render idle or inactive,"; as in P Flor II. 176.7 (A.D. 256) ὥστε καὶ ἄνθρωπον καὶ ὄνον καταργηθῆναι, ib 218.13 (A.D. 257) ἵνα τὸ κάρνον μὴ καταργηθῇ, P Strass I. 32.7 (A.D. 261) ἵνα. . . τὸ ταυρικὸν μὴ καταργῆται. W. H. D. Rouse writes (4/11/08) : ";Καταργεῖν = darken. Mod.Gr. ἀργά = late. Can the word have got its sense by association with night?"; [when no man can work].
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
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