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Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary Greek Lexicon
Strong's #2673 - καταργέω
- to render idle, unemployed, inactivate, inoperative
- to cause a person or thing to have no further efficiency
- to deprive of force, influence, power
- to cause to cease, put an end to, do away with, annul, abolish
- to cease, to pass away, be done away
- to be severed from, separated from, discharged from, loosed from any one
- to terminate all intercourse with one
1. leave unemployed or idle, Χέρα E. Ph. 753; κατηργηκέναι τοὺς καιρούς to have missed the opportunities, Plb. Fr. 176; κ. τὴν γῆν make the ground useless, cumber it, Luke 13:7.
2. cause to be idle, hinder in one's work, LXX 2 Esdras 4:21, POxy. 38.17 (i A.D.): — Pass., LXX 2 Esdras 6:8; to be rendered or lie idle, PFlor. 176.7 (iii A.D.), etc.
II make of no effect, Romans 3:3; Romans 3:31, al.: — Pass., to be abolished, cease, ib.6.6, 1 Corinthians 2:6, etc.; κ. ἀπὸ τοῦ νόμου to be set free from.., Romans 7:2; to be parted, ἀπὸ Χριστοῦ Galatians 5:4.
καταργέω, κατάργω; future καταργήσω; 1 aorist κατήργησα; perfect κατήργηκα; passive, present καταργοῦμαι; perfect κατήργημαι; 1 aorist κατηργήθην; 1 future καταργηθήσομαι; causative of the verb ἀργέω, equivalent to ἀργόν (i. e. ἀεργον (on the accent cf. Chandler § 444)) ποιῶ; frequent with Paul, who uses it 25 times (elsewhere in N. T. only twice (Luke, Heb.), in the Sept. 4 times (2 Esdr., see below)); 1. to render idle, unemployed, inactive, inoperative: τήν γῆν, to deprive of its strength, make barren (A. V. cumber), Luke 13:7; to cause a person or a thing to have no further efficiency; to deprive of force, influence, power (A. V. bring to nought, make of none effect): τί, Romans 3:3; 1 Corinthians 1:28; τινα, 1 Corinthians 2:6 (but in passive); diabolic powers, 1 Corinthians 15:24 (Justin Martyr, Apology 2, 6); Antichrist, 2 Thessalonians 2:8; τόν θάνατον, 2 Timothy 1:10 (Epistle of Barnabas 5, 6 [ET]); τόν διάβολον, Hebrews 2:14; passive 1 Corinthians 15:26; to make void, τήν ἐπαγγελίαν, Galatians 3:17; passive Romans 4:14. 2. to cause to cease, put an end to, do away with, annul, abolish: τί, 1 Corinthians 6:13; 1 Corinthians 13:11; τόν νόμον, Romans 3:31; Ephesians 2:15; τόν καιρόν τοῦ ἀνόμου, Epistle of Barnabas 15, 5 [ET]; passive πόλεμος καταργεῖται ἐπουρανίων καί ἐπιγείων, Ignatius ad Eph. 13, 2 [ET]; ἵνα καταργηθῇ τό σῶμα τῆς ἁμαρτίας, that the body of sin might be done away, i. e. not the material of the body, but the body so far forth as it is an instrument of sin; accordingly, that the body may cease to be an instrument of sin, Romans 6:6. Passive to cease, pass away, be done away: of things, Galatians 5:11; 1 Corinthians 13:8, 10; 2 Corinthians 3:7, 11, 13f; of persons, followed by ἀπό τίνος, to be severed from, separated from, discharged from, loosed from, anyone; to terminate all contact with one (a pregnant construction, cf. Winers Grammar, 621 (577); Buttmann, 322 (277)): ἀπό τοῦ Χριστοῦ, Galatians 5:4 (on the aorist cf. Winer's Grammar, § 40, 5 b.); ἀπό τοῦ νόμου, Romans 7: (2 (Relz omits τοῦ νόμου)),6. The word is rarely met with in secular authors, as Euripides, Phoen. 753 κατάργειν χερα, to make idle, i. e. to leave the hand unemployed; Polybius quoted in Suidas (s. v. κατηργηκεναι) τούς καιρούς, in the sense of to let slip, leave unused; in the Sept. four times for Chaldean בַּטֵּל, to make to cease, i. e. restrain, check, hinder, 2 Esdr. 4:21, 23 2Esdr. 5:5 2Esdr. 6:8.
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κατ -αργέω , -ῶ
(< κατά , causative, ἀργός = ἀ -εργός ),
[in LXX: 2 Esdras 4:21; 2 Esdras 4:23; 2 Esdras 5:5; 2 Esdras 6:8 (H989)*;]
to make idle or inactive (χέρας , Eur., Phœn., 753): of soil occupied by an unfruitful tree, Luke 13:7. Metaph. (Inscr.), to render inoperative or invalid, to abrogate, abolish: Romans 3:3; Romans 3:31, 1 Corinthians 1:28; 1 Corinthians 6:13; 1 Corinthians 13:11; 1 Corinthians 15:24, Galatians 3:17, Ephesians 2:15, 2 Thessalonians 2:8, 2 Timothy 1:10, Hebrews 2:14; pass., Romans 4:14; Romans 6:6, 1 Corinthians 2:6; 1 Corinthians 13:8; 1 Corinthians 13:10; 1 Corinthians 15:26, 2 Corinthians 3:7; 2 Corinthians 3:11-14 Galatians 5:11; seq. ἀπό (of persons), to be separated, discharged or loosed from, Romans 7:2; Romans 7:6, Galatians 5:4.†
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
This favourite Pauline verb (see Milligan on 2 Thessalonians 2:8) is found in the weakened sense of ";hinder"; in P Oxy I. 38.17 (A.D. 49–50) (= Selections, p. 54) καταργοῦντός με χειρότεχνον ὄντα, ";hinders me in my handicraft,"; and not infrequently = ";render idle or inactive,"; as in P Flor II. 176.7 (A.D. 256) ὥστε καὶ ἄνθρωπον καὶ ὄνον καταργηθῆναι, ib 218.13 (A.D. 257) ἵνα τὸ κάρνον μὴ καταργηθῇ, P Strass I. 32.7 (A.D. 261) ἵνα. . . τὸ ταυρικὸν μὴ καταργῆται. W. H. D. Rouse writes (4/11/08) : ";Καταργεῖν = darken. Mod.Gr. ἀργά = late. Can the word have got its sense by association with night?"; [when no man can work].
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.