Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #268 - ἁμαρτωλός
- devoted to sin, a sinner
- not free from sin
- pre-eminently sinful, especially wicked
- all wicked men
- specifically of men stained with certain definite vices or crimes
- tax collectors, heathen
1. erroneous, ἁμαρτωλότερον Arist. EN 1109a33; erring, ἐν πᾶσιν Plu. 2.25c.
2. of bad character, δοῦλοι Phld. Ir. p.73 W.: c. gen., sinning against, θεῶν Michel 547.31 (Telmessus): — ἁμαρτωλὴ γέρων, barbarism in Ar. Th. 1111. Adv. -ῶς Eup. 24D. II Subst. ἁμαρτωλός, ὁ, sinner, LXX Genesis 13:13, al., Luke 18:13, al.
ἁμαρτωλός , -όν
(< ἁμαρτάνω ),
[in LXX chiefly for H7563;]
sinful, a sinner: of all men, 1 Timothy 1:15; of those especially wicked, 1 Timothy 1:9, 1 Peter 4:18; p1., Matthew 9:10-13; Matthew 11:19; Matthew 26:45, al. (v. MM, VGT, s.v.; Cremer, 102, 634).
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
ἁμαρτωλός appears in OGIS 55.30 (B.C. 240) ἐὰν [δὲ ] μὴ συντελῆι ὁ ἄρχων καὶ οἱ πολῖται τὴν [θυσί ]αν κατ᾽ ἐνιαυτόν , ἁμαρτωλοὶ ἔστωσαν [θεῶ ]ν πάντων , ";sinners against all the gods."; Cf. also the common phrase in sepulchral epitaphs in the southwest of Asia Minor containing a threat against any one who shall desecrate the tomb, ἁμαρτωλὸς ἔστω θεοῖς (κατα )χθονίοις , ";let him be as a sinner before the (sub)terranean gods"; : see Deissmann LAE p. 115, who regards the genitive after ἁμαρτωλός as a possible ";provincialism of S.W. Asia Minor."; (See under ἔνοχος .) He cites another occurrence, from the same locality, with the formula as in OGIS 55 (p. 116 n.). Schlageter p. 24 adds IG III. 461 a. These instances are sufficient to prove the ";profane"; use of the word, as Cremer (ap. Deissmann ut s.) admitted in his Appendix.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.