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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Strong's #2736 - κάτω

Transliteration
kátō
Phonetics
kat'-o, kat-o-ter'-o
Origin
AV - down (G5), beneath (G3), bottom (G2), under (G1)
Parts of Speech
TDNT
11
Definition
Thayer's
  1. down, downwards
  2. below, beneath
    1. of place, below
    2. of temporal succession
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 4295 ‑ מַטָּה (mat'‑taw);  8478 ‑ תַּחַת (takh'‑ath);  
Frequency Lists  
  1. Book
  2. Word
  3. Parsing
KJV (10)
Matthew
3
Mark
2
Luke
1
John
3
Acts
1
NAS (10)
Matthew
3
Mark
2
Luke
1
John
2
Acts
2
HCS (10)
Matthew
3
Mark
2
Luke
1
John
2
Acts
2
BSB (10)
Matthew
3
Mark
2
Luke
1
John
2
Acts
2
ESV (10)
Matthew
3
Mark
2
Luke
1
John
2
Acts
2
WEB (11)
Matthew
3
Mark
2
Luke
1
John
3
Acts
2
Verse Results
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

κάτω, Adv., (κατά):

I

1. with Verbs implying Motion, downwards, ἐπισκύνιον κ. ἕλκεται Il. 17.136; κ. ὁρόων Od. 23.91; κατὰ τείχεος κ. ῥίπτειν Hdt. 8.53; κατώρυξέν με κατὰ τῆς γῆς κ. Ar. Pl. 238; χώρει κ. A. Pr. 74; κ. δάκρυ' εἰβομένη S. Ant. 527 (anap.), cf. E. Fr. 384; esp. of the nether world, A. Pers. 839, S. Ant. 197, etc.; κ. βλέπειν, φέρεσθαι, Pl. R. 500b, 584e; κ. διεχώρει αὐτοῖς they suffered from diarrhoea, X. An. 4.8.20, cf. Hp. Epid. 5.20; φάρμακον πῖσαι κ. give a purgative, Id. Aff. 32, cf. 15; κ. βοηθεῖν go down to help, D. 32.5; for ἄνω καὶ κάτω, ἄνω κάτω, etc., v. ἄνω (B) A. 11.2.

2. downwards, in a chain of causes, ἐπὶ τὸ κ. ἰέναι Arist. Metaph. 994a19.

3. c. gen., down from, πετρῶν ὦσαι κ. E. Cyc. 448.

II with Verbs implying Rest (so more freq. in Prose), beneath, below, opp. ἄνω, Hes. Th. 301, etc.: ὁ τόπος ὁ κ. καλούμενος Pl. Phd. 112c. in the world below, S. Aj. 660, OC 1563 (lyr.), etc.; οἱ κ. the dead, Id. Aj. 865, Ant. 75, etc.; οἱ κ. θεοί Id. El. 292, cf. E. Alc. 851. geographically below, southward, Hdt., v. ἄνω (B) A. 11.1e; also κ. οἰκεῖν to dwell on the coast, Th. 1.7; οἱ κ., opp. οἱ τὴν μεσόγειαν κατῳκημένοι, ib. 120; ἡ. κ. Γαλατία lower Galatia, Plu Aem. 9, etc.; βασιλεὺς τῶν τε ἄνω καὶ τῶν κ. χωρῶν OGI 90.3 (Rosetta, ii B.C.). in the race-course, τὰ κ. the starting-place, opp. τὰ ἄνω (the goal), Pl. R. 613b. τὰ κ. τῶν μελῶν the lower limbs of the body, Id. Lg. 794d; ἡ κ. κοιλία, opp. ἡ ἄνω, Arist. Mete. 360b24. PA 676a5; περὶ τὰ κ. χωρεῖν miscarry, fail, Luc. Ind. 1. of Time, afterwards, later, Ael. VH 5.13; οἱ κ. χρόνοι Plu. Cor. 25; οἱ κ., opp. οἱ πάλαι, Luc. Hipp. 1; τοῦ χρόνου κ. later in time, Ael. VH 3.17, NA 2.18; Δαρεῖος ὁ κ. ib. 6.48; cf. ἄνω (B) A. 11.1i. in Logic, τὰ κ. the lower members in a descending series of genera and species, Arist. AP 0.97a31, Metaph. 992a18.

III

1. c. gen., under, below, κ. χθονός, γῆς, A. Eu. 1023, S. OT 968, etc. Comp. κατωτέρω lower, downwards, Ar. Ra. 70, Alex. 173.2: c. gen., lower than, below, Hdt. 8.132.

2. Sup. κατωτάτω at the lowest part, τὰ κ. Id. 2.125 (but in signf. 11.g, Phld. Sign. 29).

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

κάτω ,

adv.

(< κατά ),

[in LXX for H4295, H8478 and cogn. forms;]

1. down, downwards (with verbs of motion), Matthew 4:6, Luke 4:9, John 8:6; John 8:8, Acts 20:9.

2. below, beneath: Mark 14:66, Acts 2:19 (LXX); ἕως κ . (Ezekiel 1:27, al.), Matthew 27:51, Mark 15:38. τὰ κ . (opp. to τ . ἄνω ), John 8:23. Compar. κατωτέρω : ἀπὸ διετοῦς καὶ κ . (cf. 1 Chronicles 27:21), Matthew 2:16.†

κατωτέρω , see κάτω .


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

κάτω used of place ";down,"; ";downwards,"; is found 8 times in the NT, and may be illustrated by P Hal I. 11.11 (B.C. 238) οὐλὴ τ ]ραχήλωι κάτωι (for form, see Mayser Gr. p. 136), P Magd 11.14 (B.C. 221) τῆς κάτω μερίδος, and P Tebt II. 414.20 (ii/A.D.) τὸ σφυρίδιν μετὰ τῶν ἐνόντων κάτω, ";the little basket with its contents at the bottom"; (Edd.). An ostracon receipt of iii/A.D. published by GH in Egypt. Archaeol. Report 1904–05 p. 16, No. 12, runs—λί (τρας) δ ̄ (ἥμισυ) ὀκτασοῦφα καὶ τρισοῦφα ἄνω καὶ κάτω δικόντυλα (l.δυλα) δωδεκάκυκλα.

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
κατοδυνωμένων κατω κάτω κατώδυνοι κατώδυνος κατωδύνων κάτωθεν κατωτέραν κατώτερον κατωτερω κατωτέρω kato katō káto kátō katotero katotéro katōterō katōtérō
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org. Copyright 1999-2021. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
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