the Week of Proper 20 / Ordinary 25
Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary Greek Lexicon
Strong's #2784 - κηρύσσω
- to be a herald, to officiate as a herald
- to proclaim after the manner of a herald
- always with the suggestion of formality, gravity and an authority which must be listened to and obeyed
- to publish, proclaim openly: something which has been done
- used of the public proclamation of the gospel and matters pertaining to it, made by John the Baptist, by Jesus, by the apostles and other Christian teachers
1. Att. κηρύκ-ττω, Dor. κᾱρύσσω: impf. ἐκήρυσσον Il. 2.444, Th. 1.27, - υττον And. 1.112: fut. - ύξω Ar. Ec. 684, Dor. καρυξῶ Id. Ach. 748: aor. ἐκήρυξα Hdt. 1.194 (ἀπο -), etc., Aeol. part. καρύξαισα Pi. I. 4 (3). 25: pf. κεκήρῡχα (ἐπι -) D. 19.35: — Pass., fut. κηρυχθήσομαι X. Cyr. 8.4.4, Aeschin. 3.230, κηρύξομαι E. Ph. 1631: aor. ἐκηρύχθην S. OT 737, etc.: pf. κεκήρυγμαι E. Fr. 1, Th. 4.38: — to be a herald, officiate as herald, κηρύσσων γήρασκε Il. 17.325. to be an auctioneer, D. 44.4.
2. make proclamation as a herald, λαὸν κηρύσσοντες ἀγειρόντων let them convene the people by voice of herald, Il. 2.438, cf. 444, Od. 2.8; κήρυσσε, κῆρυξ A. Eu. 566, etc.: impers., ἐκήρυξε (sc. ὁ κῆρυξ) τοῖς Ἕλλησι συσκευάζεσθαι proclamation was made.., X. An. 3.4.36; κηρυξάτω Id. Cyr. 4.5.42.
1. c. acc. pers., summon by herald, κ. ἀγορήνδε.. Ἀχαιούς Il. 2.51, Od. 2.7; πόλεμόνδε Il. 2.443; κ. τινά summon one to a place, Ar. Ach. 748: — Pass., τίς ἐκηρύχθη πρώτην φυλακήν; who was summoned to the first watch? E. Rh. 538 (anap.).
2. proclaim as conqueror, Plu. 2.185a; Φαβωρῖνον ἡ εὐγλωττία ἐν σοφισταῖς ἐκήρυττεν Philostr. VS 1.8.1: — Pass., μήτε κηρυχθήσεσθαι μήτε ἆθλα λήψεσθαι X. Cyr. 8.4.4; ὥστε τὴν πόλιν κηρυχθῆναι καὶ αὐτὸν στεφανωθῆναι Lys. 19.63; proclaim as a criminal, D. 25.56, cf. S. El. 606; κηρύσσω τὸν Ἔρωτα AP 5.176 (Mel.): — Pass., of a country, to be proclaimed, extolled, στεφάνοις ἀρετᾶς E. Tr. 223 (lyr.).
3. call upon, invoke, θεούς Id. Hec. 146 (anap.); κηρύξας δαίμονας κλύειν A. Ch. 124a: — Pass., to be called, τοῦ κεκήρυξαι πατρός; E. Fr. 1; κηρυσσομένοισι.. ἀπ' ἐσθλῶν δωμάτων Id. Andr. 772 (lyr.).
1. c. acc. rei, proclaim, announce, τινί τι A. Ag. 1349, Ch. 4, 1026; αὐδάν E. Ion 911 (lyr.); ἀγῶνας Ἀργείοισι S. Aj. 1240; proclaim or advertise for sale, etc., Hdt. 6.121 (Pass.), Plu. 2.207a, etc.; κ. ἀποικίαν proclaim a colony, i.e. invite people to join as colonists, Th. 1.27; κ. ὃς βούλοιτο.. make proclamation for some one who would.., Hdt. 2.134: — Pass., of a crime, to be proclaimed, Antipho 2.3.2; τὰ κεκηρυγμένα Th. 4.38.
2. declare, tell, τοῦτ' ἐκηρύχθη πόλει this news was spread in.., S. OT l.c.; τοῦτο κ. πόθι παῖς ναίει Id. Tr. 97 (lyr.); ὃ εἰς τὸ οὖς ἀκούετε, κηρύξατε ἐπὶ τῶν δωμάτων Matthew 10:27 : abs., S. El. 1105.
3. proclaim, command publicly, τινί τι A. Th. 1048, S. Ant. 32, 450, etc.; εὐφημίαν, σιγὴν κ., Id. Fr. 893, E. Hec. 530: c. dat. pers. et inf., κ. αὐτοῖς ἐμβαλεῖν κώπαισι Pi. P. 4.200; ἐκήρυξαν, εἰ βούλονται, τὰ ὅπλα παραδοῦναι Th. 4.37: — Pass., ᾔδησθα κηρυχθέντα μὴ πράσσειν τάδε; S. Ant. 447.
4. of a cock, crow, Revelation 5:2 (Antip. Thess.). preach, teach publicly, Matthew 3:1, al.
κηρύσσω; imperfect ἐκήρυσσον; future κηρύξω; 1 aorist ἐκηρυξα (infinitive κηρύξαι R G Tr WH, κηρύξαι L T; cf. Lipsius, Gramm. Untersuch., p. 32ff; Tdf. Proleg., p. 101; Winer's Grammar, § 6, 1 f. (see references under the word κῆρυξ)); passive, present κηρύσσομαι; 1 aorist ἐκηρυχθην; 1 future κηρυχθήσομαι; (κῆρυξ, which see); from Homer down; the Sept. for קָרָא; to be a herald; to officiate as herald; to proclaim after the manner of a herald; always with a suggestion of formality, gravity, and an authority which must be listened to and obeyed;
a. univ to publish, proclaim openly: something which has been done, Mark 7:36; τόν λόγον, Mark 1:45 (here joined with διαφημίζειν); followed by indirect discourse, Mark 5:20; Luke 8:39; something which ought to be done, followed by the infinitive (cf. Winers Grammar, 322 (302); (Buttmann, § 141, 2)), Romans 2:21; Μωυσῆν, the authority and precepts of Moses, Acts 15:21; περιτομήν, the necessity of circumcision, Galatians 5:11.
b. specifically used of the public proclamation of the gospel and matters pertaining to it, made by John the Baptist, by Jesus, by the apostles and other Christian teachers: absolutely, Matthew 11:1; Mark 1:38; Mark 3:14; Mark 16:20; Romans 10:15; with the dative of the person to whom the proclamation is made, 1 Corinthians 9:27; 1 Peter 3:19; εἰς (R ἐν with the dative) τάς συναγωγάς (see εἰς, A. I. 5 b.; cf. Winer's Grammar, 213 (200)), Mark 1:39; (Luke 4:44 T Tr text WH); (ὁ) κηρύσσων, Romans 10:14; κηρύσσειν, with the accusative of the thing, Matthew 10:27; Luke (
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[in LXX chiefly for H7121;]
to be a herald, to prociaim: Mark 1:45; Mark 7:36, Luke 4:18-19 (LXX) (but v. Field, Notes, 174) Luke 8:39, Romans 2:21, 1 Corinthians 9:27, Galatians 5:11, al.; in NT, chiefly of the proclamation of the Gospel, to proclaim, preach: τὸ εὐαγέλιον , Matthew 4:23; Matthew 9:35; Matthew 24:14; Matthew 26:13, Mark 1:14; Mark 13:10; Mark 14:9; Mark 16:15, Galatians 2:2, Colossians 1:23, 1 Thessalonians 2:9; seq. εἰς , Mark 1:39; Mark 13:10, Luke 4:44, 1 Thessalonians 2:9; ἵνα , Mark 6:12; c. inf.. Romans 2:21; κ . Χριστόν , Ἰησοῦν , Acts 8:5; Acts 9:20; Acts 19:13, 1 Corinthians 1:23; 1 Corinthians 15:12, 2 Corinthians 1:19; 2 Corinthians 11:4, Philippians 1:15; 1 Timothy 3:16 (cf. προ -κηρύσσω ).
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
In BGU IV. 1024, a curious papyrus codex of the end of iv/A.D. made up of various widely differing documents, we find in the account of a legal process iii. 8 κ ̣α ̣ι ̣ρύτδετ ̣ε δὲ η γυναικ ̣ι ̣, which apparently stands for κηρύττετε or κήρυττε δὲ τῇ γυναικί. On the form κηρύττω see Thumb Hellen. p. 79, and on the use of the verb in 1 Corinthians 9:27 see Field Notes, p. 174, where any allusion to the office of the κῆρυξ in the public games is set aside in favour of a direct reference to the preaching of the Gospel. A new compound ἐνεκηρύξαμεν in the sense of ";we applied for tenders"; is found in P Petr III. 41 verso.2 (Ptol.).
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
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Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org.
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