Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #270 - אָחַז
1) grasp, take hold, seize, take possession
1a) (Qal) to grasp, take hold of
1b) (Niphal) to be caught, grasped, be settled
1c) (Piel) to enclose, overlay
1d) (Hophal) fastened
V) ezh (ההזה HhZH) - Perceive: To see something that is not physically present. [Hebrew and Aramaic] [df: hzh]KJV (83): (vf: Paal) see, behold, look, prophecy, provide, dream - Strongs: H1957 (הָזָה), H2370 (חֲזָא), H2372 (חָזָה)
Jeff Brenner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
אָחַז fut. יאֹחֵז (more rarely יֶאֱחֹז 1 Kings 6:10; Ecclesiastes 7:18).
(1) to take hold of, to seize, specially with the hand. (Arab. أَخَذَ, Ch. and Syr. אֲחַד, ܐܶܚܰܕ.) Const. with an accus. of pers. or thing, Psalms 56:1; Judges 12:6 also very often followed by בְּ, Exodus 4:4; Job 23:11; 2 Samuel 20:9. (Winer has made a mistake with regard to this passage, p. 46; it should be rendered, “and Joab’s right hand took hold of Amasa’s beard.”) Metaph. it is ascribed to terror, fear (like λαμβάνειν), Exodus 15:14, חִיל אָחַז ישְׁבֵי פְלֶשֶׁת “terror seizes the inhabitants of Philistia;” verse 15 Exodus 15:15; Psalms 48:7. It is also said vice versâ, to take fright (comp. Germ. die Flucht ergreifen), Job 18:20, קַדְמוֹנִים אָחֲזוּ שָֽׂעַל “the ancients took hold of horror,” for “horror took hold of them;” Job 21:6; Isaiah 13:8, צִירִים וַחֲבָלִים יאֹחֵזוּן “they (the Babylonians) take hold of pangs and sorrows,” for “pangs and sorrows take hold of them.”
(2) to take, e.g. by hunting, fishing, Song of Solomon 2:15.
(3) to hold something taken, followed by an acc. 1 Chronicles 13:9; 2 Chronicles 25:5 and בְּ, Genesis 25:26. Metaph. to embrace anything, with an acc., Job 17:9 (comp. κρατέω, Revelation 2:25); with בְּ, 23:11. Part. pass. in an active signification, Song of Solomon 3:8, אֲחֻזֵי־חֶרֶב “holding the sword.” Compare as to this deponent use of passive participles, Lehrg. p. 309, 310 [Heb. Gram. § 49, 3.2], and in this very verb Syr. ܐܰܚܺܝܕ holding, Eth. እኁዝ፡ ehûs, taken and holding.
(4) to join, and in pass. to be joined, to adhere. Verbs of taking and holding are very often thus applied in the sense of adhering, and joining, as things firmly joined together hold and sustain each other firmly; compare לָכַד and לָקַח in Hithp., and ἔχομαι τινός, I hold, depend on any thing; ἐχόμενος joined to any thing; and αἱρέω, whence Lat. hœreo. Ezekiel 41:6, וְלאֹ יִהְיוּ אֲחוּזִים בְּקִיר הַבַּיִת “(that) they should not be joined (inserted) in the wall of the temple;” 1 Kings 6:6. Hence
(5) to shut, as the Syr. ܐܶܚܰܕ Nehemiah 7:3.
(6) to cover with timber, beams and boards, from the joining together of the beams and planks; 1 Kings 6:10, “and he covered the house with cedar wood;” comp. תָּפַשׂ Habakkuk 2:19.
(7) to take out, away (from a great number), whence part. pass. taken, sc. by lot (like the synonymous word נִלְכַּד), Numbers 31:30, “from the half which belongs to the children of Israel thou shalt take one אָחוּז מִן הַחֲמִשִּׁים part taken out of fifty;” verse 47 Numbers 31:47; 1 Chronicles 24:6, בֵּית־אָב אֶחָד אָחוּז לְאֶלְעָזָר וְאָהֻז אָחֻז לְאִיתָמָר (where it should again be read with many copies אֶחָד אָחוּז) “one family (by lot) being taken for Eleazar, one for Ithamar,” i.e. in casting lots they so arranged as to draw first a lot for a family of Eleazar, and then for a family of Ithamar.
(1) pass. Kal No. 2, Ecclesiastes 9:12.
(2) pass. No. 3, Genesis 22:13.
(3) to make oneself possessor of any thing, to have possession of it, Genesis 34:10, 47:27 Joshua 22:9, 19 Joshua 22:19. Comp. Syr. ܐܶܚܰܕ to possess, and deriv. אֲחֻוָּה.
Piel, to shut, like Kal No.5, Job 26:9, “shutting (vailing with clouds), the face of his throne.”
Hophal, to be joined, fastened, pass. Kal No. 4, 9 Ch. 9:18.
The derived nouns immediately follow.
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