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Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #283 - ἀμίαντος
- not defiled, unsoiled
- free from that by which the nature of a thing is deformed and debased, or its force and vigour impaired
1. undefiled, pure, ὕδωρ Thgn. 447; φάος Pi. Fr. 142; αἰθήρ B. 3.86; A. Pers. 578 calls the sea ἡ ἀμίαντος; ἀ. τοῦ ἀνοσίου πέρι free from stain of ungodliness, Pl. Lg. 777d; περὶ τῶν ὁσιωτάτων Epicur. Nat. 15.34; γάμοι οἱ ἀ. Epigr.Gr. 204.13 (Cnidos), cf..Hebrews 13:4; τόπος LXX 2 Maccabees 15:34; κληρονομία 1 Peter 1:4.
2. not to be defiled, D.H. 2.75.
II ὁ ἀ. λίθος asbestos, Arist. Fr. 495, Dsc. 5.138, Plin. HN 36.139.
** ἀ -μίαντος , -ον
(< μιαίνω ),
[in LXX: Wisdom of Solomon 3:13; Wisdom of Solomon 4:2; Wisdom of Solomon 8:20, 2 Maccabees 14:36; 2 Maccabees 15:34 *;]
undefiled, free from contamination (in Papyri, of αἰθήρ ; MM, VGT, s.v.): Hebrews 7:26; Hebrews 13:4, 1 Peter 1:4, James 1:27.†
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
The use of the word in the NT is probably to be traced to the LXX, rather than to the influence of the mystery religions as Perdelwitz (Die Mysterienreligion und das Problem des 1. Petrusbriefes, Giessen, 1911, pp. 45–50) ingeniously suggests, contrasting the ἀμίαντος inheritance of the Christian with the blood-stained Himmelskleid, with which the initiate is robed as he ascends from the grave in the Taurobolium.
A new literary citation for this word may be given from the Bacchylides papyrus, iii. 86, βαθὺς μὲν αἰθὴρ ἀμίαντος, where Jebb translates ";the depths of air receive no taint.";
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
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