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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #3392 - μιαίνω

Root Word (Etymology)
perhaps a primary verb
Parts of Speech
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  1. to dye with another colour, to stain
  2. to defile, pollute, sully, contaminate, soil
    1. to defile with sins
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 2186 ‑ זָנַח (zaw‑nakh');  2398 ‑ חָטָא (khaw‑taw');  2490 ‑ חָלַל (khaw‑lal');  2610 ‑ חָנֵף (khaw‑nafe');  2930 ‑ טָמֵא (taw‑may');  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (5)
John 1
Titus 2
Hebrews 1
Jude 1
NAS (5)
John 1
Titus 2
Hebrews 1
Jude 1
CSB (5)
John 1
Titus 2
Hebrews 1
Jude 1
BSB (5)
John 1
Titus 2
Hebrews 1
Jude 1
ESV (6)
Mark 2
John 1
Titus 2
Hebrews 1
WEB (5)
John 1
Titus 2
Hebrews 1
Jude 1
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions


fut. μιᾰνῶ Antipho 2.2.11; 3 sg. μιᾰνεῖ Berl.Sitzb. 1927.158 (Cyrene), LXX Isaiah 30:22, al.: aor. ἐμίηνα Il. 4.141, Hp. Flat. 14, App. BC 2.104, ἐμίᾱνα Pi. N. 3.16, S. Fr. 104, E. Hel. 1000, IA [1595], LXX Genesis 34:5, al.; part. μιάνας Sol. 32.3: pf. μεμίαγκα Plu. TG 21:

I Med., aor. ἐμιήνατο Nonn. D. 45.288:

Pass., fut. μιανθήσομαι Pl. R. 621c: aor. ἐμιάνθην, μιάνθην (v. infr.): pf. μεμίασμαι (v. infr.), μεμίαμμαι LXX Numbers 5:14, al., D.C. 51.22; 3 sg. μεμίανται Porph. Abst. 4.16 (but 3 pl., Phalar. 121.2); inf. μεμιάνθαι D.S. 36.13, but μεμιάσθαι Horap. 1.44: Cyrenaic aor. 2 Pass. ἐμίᾱν in 3 sg. subj. μιᾷ Berl.Sitzb. 1927.160, al.: fut. Pass. μιᾱσέω in 3 sg. ind. μιᾱσεῖ ib. 164:

1. stain, dye, ὡς δ' ὅτε τίς τ' ἐλέφαντα γυνὴ φοίνικι μιήνῃ Il. 4.141; ὥσπερ ἔβενος περίδρομος ἐλέφαντα τὸν βραχίονα μιαίνων Hld. 10.15.

2. stain, sully, μιάνθησαν ἔθειραι αἵματι καὶ κονίῃσι Il. 16.795, cf. 23.732; μιάνθην αἵματι μηροί 4.146; αἵματι πεσεῖ μιανθείς S. OC 1374, cf. A. Ag. 209 (lyr.); τοὺς θεῶν βωμοὺς αἵματι μ. Pl. Lg. 782c; μ. βωμὸν εὐγενεῖ φόνῳ E. IA l. c.; βορβόρῳ.. ὕδωρ μιαίνων λαμπρόν A. Eu. 695.

3. freq. of moral pollution, taint, defile, Pi. l. c., etc.; κλέος Sol.l. c., E. Hel. l. c.; τὸ καλῶς πεφυκὸς οὐδεὶς ἂν μιάνειεν λόγος S. Fr. 104; ἑνὶ πόνῳ πολλὰ καὶ λαμπρὰ ἔργα μιῆναι App. BC 2.104; εὔφημον ἦμαρ κακαγγέλῳ γλώσσῃ μ. A. Ag. 637; μιαίνων εὐσέβειαν Ἄρης Id. Th. 344 (lyr.); τὴν δίκην Id. Ag. 1669; τὰ ἱερά, τὸ θεῖον, Pl. Lg. 868b, Ti. 69d; οἶκον θόρυβος μιαίνει Porph. Abst. 4.12; θεοὺς μιαίνειν οὔ τις ἀνθρώπων σθένει S. Ant. 1044; τὴν ἁγνείαν τῶν θεῶν Antipho 2.2.12, cf. 2.1.10; dishonour a woman, LXX Genesis 34:5, al.: Pass., incur defilement, A. Supp. 366, E. Or. 75, Berl.Sitzb. ll. cc., etc.; τὴν ψυχήν Pl. R. 621c; τῆς ἄλλης [γῆς] αὐτῷ μεμιασμένης Th. 2.102; ἡ ψυχὴ μεμιασμένη καὶ ἀκάθαρτος Pl. Phd. 81b; μιανθέντες τῷ τῆς ἀσεβείας μολυσμῷ Aristeas 66; of ritual defilement in funeral rites, IG 12(5).593.25 (Iulis).

Thayer's Expanded Definition

μιαίνω; passive, 1 aorist subjunctive 3 person plural μιανθῶσιν; perfect 3 person singular μεμίανται (unless it be better to take this form as a plural; cf. Krüger, § 33, 3 Anm. 9; Alexander Buttmann (1873) Gram. § 101 Anm. 7; Ausf. Spr. § 101 Anm. 13; Buttmann, 41 (36); (Winer's Grammar, § 58, 6 b. β.)), participle μεμιασμενος (Titus 1:15 R G) and μειαμμενος (ibid. L T Tr WH; also Wis. 7:25; Tobit 2:9; Josephus, b. j. 4, 5, 2 edition, Bekker; cf. Matthiae, i., p. 415; Krüger, § 40, under the word; Lob. ad Phryn., p. 35; Otto on Theophil. ad Autol. 1, 1, p. 2f; (Veitch, under the word)); from Homer down;

1. to dye with another color, to stain: ἐλέφαντα φοίνικι, Homer Iliad 4, 141.

2. to defile, pollute, sully, contaminate, soil (the Sept. often for טִמֵּא): in a physical and a moral sense, σάρκα (of licentiousness), Jude 1:8; in a moral sense, τόν συνείδησιν, τόν νοῦν, passive Titus 1:15; absolutely, to defile with sin, passive ibid. and in Hebrews 12:15; for הֶחֱטִיא, Deuteronomy 24:6(4); in a ritual sense, of men, passive John 18:28 (Leviticus 22:5, 8; Numbers 19:13, 20; Tobit 2:9). [SYNONYMS: μιαίνω, μολύνω: according to Trench (N. T. Synonyms, § xxxi.) μιαίνω to stain differs from μολύνω to smear not only in its primary and outward sense, but in the circumstance that (like English stain) it may be used in good part, while μολύνω admits of no worthy reference.]

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

μιαίνω ,

[in LXX chiefly for H2930;]

1. to dye or stain.

2. to stain, defile, soil;

(a) in physical sense;

(b) in moral sense : Titus 1:15, Hebrews 12:15, Judges 1:8;

(c) in ritual sense (cf. Leviticus 22:5, al.): John 18:28.†

SYN.: μολύνω G3435, to besmear, which also differs from μ . in that it is never used, as μ . in its primary meaning, in an honourable sense (cf. Tr., Syn., § xxxi).

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

To the rare occurrences of this subst. in Greek prose (ter in NT) we can now add such exx. as PSI V. 502.24 (B.C.257–6) πρὸς τῆι τῶν ναυτῶν ἀποστολῆι, P Petr II. 15 (1).7 (B.C. 241–239) τῶν ναυτῶν [ἀπο ]πέμπτων οὐκέτι ῥα [ίδιον ἀνακ ?]τήσασθαι, ";if the sailors are scattered, it will no longer be easy to collect them again,"; P Giss I. 40ii. 18 (A.D. 215) (= Chrest. I. p. 38) χοιρέμπο [ρ ]οι κ ̣αὶ ναῦται ποτά [μ ]ι ̣οι, P Oxy I. 86.9 (A.D. 338) ναύτην ἕνα, P Gen I. 14.8 (Byz.) τὰ ναῦλα τοῦ μικροῦ πλοιαρίου λαβεῖν παρὰ τοῦ ναύτου, and OGIS 674.14 (taxes—A.D. 90) να ]ύτου δραχμὰς πέντε.

The form ναύστης is found on the mummy-label Preisigke 1207 ἐκβολὴν ποιῆσαι ναύστην ἰς κώμη. For the adj. ναυτικός cf. P Eleph 1.13 (B.C. 311–10) ( = Selections, p. 4) τῶν Ἡρακλείδου πάντων καὶ ἐγγαίων καὶ ναυτικῶν, ";all Heraclides’ possessions both on land and sea,"; P Oxy VI. 929.8 (ii/iii A.D.) καλῶς ποιήσεις ἀπαιτήσας Τ ̣ι ̣θόϊν τὸν ναυτικὸν δύμα καροίνου χιτῶνος, ";please demand from Tithoïs the sailor a garment consisting of a brown tunic"; (Edd.); and for ναυτεία, ";naval affairs,"; cf. P Rev Lixxxv. 6 (B.C. 258), and OGIS 90.17 (Rosetta stone—B.C. 196) προσέταξεν δὲ καὶ τὴν σύλληψιν τῶν εἰς τὴν ναυτείαν μὴ ποιεῖσθαι, with Dittenberger’s note. Ναύτης survives in MGr.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
εμίαινεν εμιαίνεσθε εμιαίνετο εμίαινον εμιαίνου εμίανα εμίαναν εμίανας εμιάνατε εμίανε εμίανεν εμιάνθη εμιάνθησαν μεμιαμμενοις μεμιαμμένοις μεμίανσαι μεμιανται μεμίανται μεμιασμένη μεμιασμένος μιαίνειν μιαίνεσθε μιαινομένη μιαίνουσι μιαινουσιν μιαίνουσιν μιαίνωνται μιάναι μιάνατε μιανεί μιανείτε μιανή μιάνη μιάνης μιανθή μιανθήναι μιανθήσεσθε μιανθήσεται μιανθήσονται μιανθώσι μιανθωσιν μιανθῶσιν μιανούσι μιάνσει μιανώ memiammenois memiamménois memiantai memíantai miainousin miaínousin mianthosin mianthôsin mianthōsin mianthō̂sin
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