Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Strong's #2851 - κόλασις

Transliteration
kólasis
Phonetics
kol'-as-is
Origin
from (G2849)
Parts of Speech
Noun Feminine
TDNT
3:816,451
Definition
Thayer's
  1. correction, punishment, penalty
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 3637 ‑ כָּלַם (kaw‑lawm');  4383 ‑ מִכְשֹׁל (mik‑shole', mik‑shole');  
Frequency Lists  
  1. Book
  2. Word
  3. Parsing
KJV (2)
Matthew
1
1 John
1
NAS (2)
Matthew
1
1 John
1
HCS (2)
Matthew
1
1 John
1
BSB (2)
Matthew
1
1 John
1
ESV (2)
Matthew
1
1 John
1
WEB (2)
Matthew
1
1 John
1
Verse Results
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

κόλ-ᾰσις, εως, ἡ,

1.checking the growth of trees, esp. almond-trees, Thphr. CP 3.18.2 (pl.).

2. chastisement, correction, Hp. Praec. 5, Pl. Ap. 26a, al., Th. 1.41; opp. τιμωρία, Arist. Rh. 1369b13; of divine retribution, Matthew 25:46, al.: pl., Pl. Prt. 323e, al., Phld. Ir. p.52 W.

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

κόλασις , -εως ,

(< κολάζω ),

[in LXX: Ezekiel 14:3-7; Ezekiel 18:30; Ezekiel 44:12, (H4383) Ezekiel 43:11, λαμβάνειν τὴν κ . (H3637 ni.); Wisdom of Solomon 11:13; Wisdom of Solomon 16:2; Wisdom of Solomon 16:24; Wisdom of Solomon 19:4, Jeremiah 18:20; Jeremiah 18:2-4 Mac.5 *;]

correction, penalty, punishment: Matthew 25:46, 1 John 4:18.†

SYN.: τιμωρία G5098, requital. Arist. distinguishes between κ . as that which, being disciplinary, has reference to the sufferer, and τ . as that which, being penal, has reference to the satisfaction of him who inflicts (v. Thayer, s.v. κ ., and cf. Tr., Syn., § vii). But in late Gk. especially, the distinction is not always maintained (v. reff. in Thayer).


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

For κόλασις = ";punishment,"; cf. Syll 680.13 (Rom.) καὶ πρὸς τὴν κόλασιν ἀγέτωσαν τοὺς αἰτίους οἱ [ἄρχ ]οντες. In 1 John 4:18 the idea of ";deprivation,"; a kind of poena damni (see above s.v. κολάζω), is decidedly helpful : fear checks development, and is the antithesis of τελείωσις which love works. For κόλασις, with reference to the next world as in Matthew 25:46, cf. the fragment of an uncanonical gospel P Oxy V. 840.6 οὐ γὰρ ἐν τοῖς ζωοῖς μόνοις ἀπολαμβάνουσιν οἱ κακοῦργοι τῶν ἀν (θρώπ)ων ἀλλὰ [κ ]αὶ κόλασιν ὑπομένουσιν καὶ πολ [λ ]ὴν βάσανον, ";for the evil-doers among men receive their reward not among the living only, but also await punishment and much torment"; (Edd.). In the Apoc. of Peter τόπος κολάσεως = ";hell,"; and in MGr κόλασις is used alone in the same sense.

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
κολασιν κόλασιν kolasin kólasin
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org. Copyright 1999-2021. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
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