Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #2851 - κόλασις
κόλ-ᾰσις, εως, ἡ,
1.checking the growth of trees, esp. almond-trees, Thphr. CP 3.18.2 (pl.).
2. chastisement, correction, Hp. Praec. 5, Pl. Ap. 26a, al., Th. 1.41; opp. τιμωρία, Arist. Rh. 1369b13; of divine retribution, Matthew 25:46, al.: pl., Pl. Prt. 323e, al., Phld. Ir. p.52 W.
κόλασις , -εως , ἡ
(< κολάζω ),
[in LXX: Ezekiel 14:3-7; Ezekiel 18:30; Ezekiel 44:12, (H4383) Ezekiel 43:11, λαμβάνειν τὴν κ . (H3637 ni.); Wisdom of Solomon 11:13; Wisdom of Solomon 16:2; Wisdom of Solomon 16:24; Wisdom of Solomon 19:4, Jeremiah 18:20; Jeremiah 18:2-4 Mac.5 *;]
correction, penalty, punishment: Matthew 25:46, 1 John 4:18.†
SYN.: τιμωρία G5098, requital. Arist. distinguishes between κ . as that which, being disciplinary, has reference to the sufferer, and τ . as that which, being penal, has reference to the satisfaction of him who inflicts (v. Thayer, s.v. κ ., and cf. Tr., Syn., § vii). But in late Gk. especially, the distinction is not always maintained (v. reff. in Thayer).
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
For κόλασις = ";punishment,"; cf. Syll 680.13 (Rom.) καὶ πρὸς τὴν κόλασιν ἀγέτωσαν τοὺς αἰτίους οἱ [ἄρχ ]οντες. In 1 John 4:18 the idea of ";deprivation,"; a kind of poena damni (see above s.v. κολάζω), is decidedly helpful : fear checks development, and is the antithesis of τελείωσις which love works. For κόλασις, with reference to the next world as in Matthew 25:46, cf. the fragment of an uncanonical gospel P Oxy V. 840.6 οὐ γὰρ ἐν τοῖς ζωοῖς μόνοις ἀπολαμβάνουσιν οἱ κακοῦργοι τῶν ἀν (θρώπ)ων ἀλλὰ [κ ]αὶ κόλασιν ὑπομένουσιν καὶ πολ [λ ]ὴν βάσανον, ";for the evil-doers among men receive their reward not among the living only, but also await punishment and much torment"; (Edd.). In the Apoc. of Peter τόπος κολάσεως = ";hell,"; and in MGr κόλασις is used alone in the same sense.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
the Sixth Week after Easter