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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #5098 - τιμωρία

Root Word (Etymology)
from (G5097)
Parts of Speech
feminine noun
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  1. a rendering help
  2. assistance
  3. vengeance, punishment, penalty
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 4112 ‑ מַהֲלֻמּוֹת (mah‑hal‑oom‑maw');  6365 ‑ פִּיד (peed);  8504 ‑ תְּכֵלֶת (tek‑ay'‑leth);  
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Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions


lon. -ίη, ἡ,

retribution, vengeance (differing from κόλασις, corrective punishment, Arist. Rh. 1369b12), ἐς τ... παρασκευαζομένοισι Hdt. 5.90; τ. καὶ τίσις Id. 7.8. ά, cf. Hebrews 10:29, etc.; πατρὸς τ. vengeance taken for him, E. Or. 425; μητρὸς αἵματος τιμωρίαι for having shed a mother's blood, ib. 400; ἐπὶ τῇ ἡμετέρᾳ τ. for the purpose of punishing us, Th. 3.63; Λεωνίδην ἐάν τις ἀποκτείνῃ.. τὴν τ. εἶναι καθάπερ ἐάν τις Ἀθηναίων ἀποθάνῃ IG 12.56.16, cf. 154.12; οὐκ ἔχει τιμωρίαν γὰρ τἀδίκημ', ἔγκλημα δέ Men. Pk. 253; ἡ κατὰ τῶν προδιδόντων τ. vengeance against or upon.., Lycurg. 140, cf. D. 18.274, Din. 1.105; τ. ἐσομένη ἔς τινα Hdt. 1.123, cf. D. 22.55; τ. ὑπὲρ τοῦ ἀδικηθέντος Antipho 6.6, cf. Isoc. 20.19: with Verbs, of the avenger, ποιεῖσθαι τιμωρίαν execute vengeance, D. 21.26, etc.; τινος on one, And. 4.18; τ. ὑπὲρ ὧν ἐπεπόνθειν λαβεῖν D. 24.8; but παρά τινος λαμβάνειν τ. exact it from him, Philem. 88.14; of the wrongdoer, τ. Ἀθηνῶν ηὗρε found, i.e. suffered, vengeance at Athens' hand, A. Pers. 473; τιμωρίας τυγχάνειν to be punished, Pl. Grg. 472d, PEnteux. 50.7 (iii B.C.), etc. (but also, obtain vengeance, Th. 2.74, X. Cyr. 4.6.7); τ. ἀντιδοῦναι Th. 2.53; τίνειν Pl. Lg. 905a, etc.; ὑπέχειν Th. 6.80, Pl. Lg. 716b, etc.; of persons in authority, αἱ τ. εἰσὶ παρὰ τῶν θεῶν Hdt. 2.120; τ. δοῦναί τινι give him right of vengeance, D. 23.7, cf. ib.54, 59.86; so τὰς τ. τοῖς ἰδιώταις ἐποίησε βραδείας Id. 26.4: pl., penalties, λαμβάνειν τὰς ἀξίας τ. Antiph. 247; ταῖς ἐσχάταις τιμωρεῖσθαι τ. Pl. R. 579a, cf. Lg. 943d, al.; of state-punishments, LXX 2 Maccabees 6:26, al.; οἱ ἐπὶ τῶν τ. Plu. Art. 14, 17; of divine punishments, ἐξορκίζω σε.. κατὰ [τῶν ἐπὶ] τῶν τ. τεταγμένων PMag.Lond. 121.303.

II succour, εὑρήσεται τ. Hdt. 3.148; ἡ ἀφ' ὑμῶν τ. Th. 1.69, cf. 5.112; τ. ποιεῖσθαί τινι Id. 1.124; τ. τοῦ τεθνεῶτος due to him, Antipho 1.5.

2. of medical and, Hp. Acut. 18 (pl.); cf. τιμωρέω 11.2.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

τιμωρία, τιμωρίας, (τιμωρός, see τιμωρέω);

1. a rendering help; assistance ((Herodotus, Thucydides, others)).

2. vengeance, penalty, punishment: Hebrews 10:29 (Proverbs 19:29; Proverbs 24:22; in the Greek writings from Aeschylus and Herodotus down). (Synonym: see κόλασις, at the end.)

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

τιμωρία , -ας ,

(< τιμωρέω ),

[in LXX: Proverbs 24:22 (H6365), etc.;]

1. help, assistance.

2. vengeance, punishment: Hebrews 10:29.†

SYN.: κόλασις G2851, q.v., and cf. MM, xxiv.

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

";am in good health,"; is very common in private letters, e.g. (a) at the opening—BGU II. 423.3 (ii/A.D.) (= Selections, p. 90) πρὸ μὲν πάντων εὔχομαί σε ὑγιαίνειν, or (b) at the close—P Oxy IV. 745.10 (c. A.D. 1) [σ ]πάζου πάντας τοὺς σοὺς καὶ σεαυτοῦ ἐπιμέλου ἵν᾽ ὑγιαίνῃς : cf. Herodas VI. 97 ὑγίαινε, ";good-bye"; or ";good-night,"; with Headlam’s note.

For a metaph. usage, as in the Pastorals (1 Timothy 1:10 al.), cf. P Oxy II. 291.9 (A.D. 25–26) προέγραψ [ά σοι ] ἀνδραγαθῖ [ν ] καὶ ἀπαιτεῖν μ [έχ ]ρι ὑγια [ ]νων παρ [α ]γένωμαι, ";I have already written to you to be firm and demand payment until I come in peace"; (Edd.), and Menandrea p. 77.220 οὐ ]χ ὑγιαίνεις, ";you are not in your senses."; MGr γιαίνω, ";I heal, cure.";


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
τιμωρίαι τιμωρίαν τιμωριας τιμωρίας τινάγματι timorias timorías timōrias timōrías
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