Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #3637 - כָּלַם
1) to insult, shame, humiliate, blush, be ashamed, be put to shame, be reproached, be put to confusion, be humiliated
1a1) to be humiliated, be ashamed
1a2) to be put to shame, be dishonoured, be confounded
1b1) to put to shame, insult, humiliate, cause shame to
1b2) to exhibit shame
1c1) to be insulted, be humiliated
1c2) to be put to shame, be dishonoured, be confounded
Jeff Brenner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
כָּלַם unused in Kal, pr. to wound; like the Arab. كلم Conj. I. II.; comp. Sansc. klam, to be exhausted, fatigued, whence perhaps is the Lat. calumnia. A similar figurative use is certainly found in Hebrew, [“like many other words implying, to pierce, to prick, to cut, such as נָקַב, גִּדֵּף”].
Hiphil הִכְּלִים and הֶכְלִים (1 Samuel 25:7).
(1) to reproach, pr. to hurt some one, 1 Samuel 20:34.
(2) to treat shamefully, to injure, 1 Samuel 25:7; Judges 18:7.
(3) to put any one to shame, Job 11:3; Proverbs 25:8; Psalms 44:10. This verb is stronger than the synonym בּוֹשׁ Hi. הוֹבִישׁ; comp. Isaiah 45:16, 16 Isaiah 45:16; Jeremiah 31:19, and see Reimarus de Differentiis, vcc. Hebr. Diss. I. p. 67, sq.
(1) to be hurt, injured, 1 Samuel 25:15.
(2) to be made ashamed (through disappointed hope), Jeremiah 14:3 comp. Niph.
(1) to be insulted, disgraced, 2 Samuel 10:5; 1 Chronicles 19:5.
(2) to be put to shame, befchämt daftehn, zu Schanden werden, Jeremiah 31:19 often used of one who fails in his endeavours, Psalms 35:4, 40:15 70:3 74:21 also to be ashamed, i.q. בּוֹשׁ, Numbers 12:14 followed by מִן of cause, Ezekiel 16:27, 54 Ezekiel 16:54 followed by כּ, Psalms 69:7.
Derivatives כְּלִמָּה, כְּלִמּוּת.
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