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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #2922 - κριτήριον

Transliteration
kritḗrion
Phonetics
kree-tay'-ree-on
Root Word (Etymology)
from a presumed derivative of (G2923)
Parts of Speech
neuter noun
TDNT
3:943,469
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κριτής
Definition   
Thayer's
  1. the instrument or means of trying or judging anything
    1. the rule by which one judges
  2. the place where judgment is given
    1. the tribunal of a judge
    2. a bench of judges
  3. the matter judged, thing to be decided, suit, case
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 1779 ‑ דּוּן (deen, doon);  4941 ‑ מִשְׁפָּט (mish‑pawt');  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (3)
1 Corinthians 2
James 1
NAS (5)
1 Corinthians 4
James 1
CSB (3)
1 Corinthians 2
James 1
BSB (3)
1 Corinthians 2
James 1
ESV (2)
1 Corinthians 1
James 1
WEB (3)
1 Corinthians 2
James 1
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

κρῐτ-ήριον, τό,

1. means for judging or trying, standard, freq. of the mental faculties and senses, ἔχων αὐτῶν τὸ κ. ἐν αὑτῷ Pl. Tht. 178b, cf. R. 582a, Plu. 2.448b, etc.; τὸ αἰσθητήριον καὶ κ. τῶν.. χυμῶν Arist. Metaph. 1068a3, cf. Epicur. Ephesians 1 p.5U. (pl.), Sent. 24, al.; περὶ κριτηρίου, title of works by Epicurus (D.L. 10.27), Posidonius (Diocl. ap. D.L. 7.54), and Ptolemy: generally, χρόνον εἶναι μέτρον καὶ κ. τάχους measure, test, Zeno Stoic. 1.26, etc.

2. court of judgement, tribunal, Pl. Lg. 767b; καθίζειν κ. Plb. 9.33.12, cf. PHib. 1.29 (a) (iii B. C.), 1 Corinthians 6:2, IG 14.951.20, Paus. 2.20.7, POxy. 2134.6 (ii A. D.), etc. decision of a tribunal, judgement, SIG 826 K 9 (Delph., ii B. C.).

Thayer's Expanded Definition

κριτήριον, κριτηρίου, τό (from κριτηρ, equivalent to κριτής);

1. properly, the instrument or means of trying or judging anything; the rule by which one judges (Plato, Plutarch, others).

2. the place where judgment is given; the tribunal of a judge; a bench of judges: plural, 1 Corinthians 6:2; James 2:6 (the Sept.; Plato, Polybius, Plutarch, others).

3. in an exceptional usage, the matter judged, thing to be decided, suit, case: plural 1 Corinthians 6:4 (this sense is denied by many; cf. e. g. Meyer on 1 Corinthians 6:2).


Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

κριτήριον , -ου , τό

(< κριτής ),

[in LXX: 1 Kings 7:7 (H4941), Da LXX TH Daniel 7:10; Daniel 7:26, (H1779), Su 1:49, Exodus 21:6, Judges 5:10*;]

1. a means of judging, test, criterion.

2. a tribunal: 1 Corinthians 6:2; 1 Corinthians 6:4, James 2:6.†


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

κριτήριον in the sense of ";tribunal,"; ";court of justice,"; as in 1 Corinthians 6:2; 1 Corinthians 6:4 (RV marg.), James 2:6 (cf. Judges 5:10 al.), is frequent in the papyri, e.g. P Hib I. 29 Fr. (a) recto.5 (c. B.C. 265) (= Chrest. I. p. 306) ἐὰν δὲ ἀν ]τιλ ̣ε ̣γ ̣ηι, κριθήτωσα [ν ἐ ]π ̣[ ] τοῦ ἀ [ποδε ]δειγμένου κ ̣[ρι ]τ ̣η ̣ρ ̣ι ̣ου, ";if he dispute the decision, they shall be tried before the appointed tribunal"; (Edd.), P Grenf I. 15.7 (B.C. 146 or 135) ὅπ ]ως μὴ περισπώμεθα ἐπὶ τὰ [.........]τα κριτήρια, BGU IV. 1054.1.(time of Augustus) Π ]ρωτάρχωι τῶι ἐπὶ τοῦ κριτηρίου παρὰ Ἀπολλωνίου, P Oxy X. 1270.16 (A.D. 159) πρὸς τῇ ἐπιμελείᾳ τ [ῶν χρηματιστῶν ] καὶ τῶν ἄλλων κριτηρί [ων, and similarly P Tebt II. 319.2 (A.D. 248). See also s.vv. ἀγοραῖος and ἑλκύω, and cf. Archiv iv. p. 8 f., v. pp. 40, 59 f. In Syll 371.9 (time of Nero) ἀνὴ [ρ ] δεδοκιμασμένος τοῖς θείοις κριτηρίοις τῶν Σεβαστῶν ἐπί τε τῇ τέχνῃ τῆς ἰατρικῆς, the word has its original sense of ";standard,"; ";test.";

 


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
κριτηρια κριτήρια κριτήριον κριτηρίου κριτηριων κριτηρίων kriteria kritēria kritḗria kriterion kriteríon kritēriōn kritēríōn
 
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