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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #2922 - κριτήριον

Root Word (Etymology)
from a presumed derivative of (G2923)
Parts of Speech
neuter noun
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  1. the instrument or means of trying or judging anything
    1. the rule by which one judges
  2. the place where judgment is given
    1. the tribunal of a judge
    2. a bench of judges
  3. the matter judged, thing to be decided, suit, case
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 1779 ‑ דּוּן (deen, doon);  4941 ‑ מִשְׁפָּט (mish‑pawt');  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (3)
1 Corinthians 2
James 1
NAS (5)
1 Corinthians 4
James 1
CSB (3)
1 Corinthians 2
James 1
BSB (3)
1 Corinthians 2
James 1
ESV (2)
1 Corinthians 1
James 1
WEB (3)
1 Corinthians 2
James 1
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

κρῐτ-ήριον, τό,

1. means for judging or trying, standard, freq. of the mental faculties and senses, ἔχων αὐτῶν τὸ κ. ἐν αὑτῷ Pl. Tht. 178b, cf. R. 582a, Plu. 2.448b, etc.; τὸ αἰσθητήριον καὶ κ. τῶν.. χυμῶν Arist. Metaph. 1068a3, cf. Epicur. Ephesians 1 p.5U. (pl.), Sent. 24, al.; περὶ κριτηρίου, title of works by Epicurus (D.L. 10.27), Posidonius (Diocl. ap. D.L. 7.54), and Ptolemy: generally, χρόνον εἶναι μέτρον καὶ κ. τάχους measure, test, Zeno Stoic. 1.26, etc.

2. court of judgement, tribunal, Pl. Lg. 767b; καθίζειν κ. Plb. 9.33.12, cf. PHib. 1.29 (a) (iii B. C.), 1 Corinthians 6:2, IG 14.951.20, Paus. 2.20.7, POxy. 2134.6 (ii A. D.), etc. decision of a tribunal, judgement, SIG 826 K 9 (Delph., ii B. C.).

Thayer's Expanded Definition

κριτήριον, κριτηρίου, τό (from κριτηρ, equivalent to κριτής);

1. properly, the instrument or means of trying or judging anything; the rule by which one judges (Plato, Plutarch, others).

2. the place where judgment is given; the tribunal of a judge; a bench of judges: plural, 1 Corinthians 6:2; James 2:6 (the Sept.; Plato, Polybius, Plutarch, others).

3. in an exceptional usage, the matter judged, thing to be decided, suit, case: plural 1 Corinthians 6:4 (this sense is denied by many; cf. e. g. Meyer on 1 Corinthians 6:2).

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

κριτήριον , -ου , τό

(< κριτής ),

[in LXX: 1 Kings 7:7 (H4941), Da LXX TH Daniel 7:10; Daniel 7:26, (H1779), Su 1:49, Exodus 21:6, Judges 5:10*;]

1. a means of judging, test, criterion.

2. a tribunal: 1 Corinthians 6:2; 1 Corinthians 6:4, James 2:6.†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

κριτήριον in the sense of ";tribunal,"; ";court of justice,"; as in 1 Corinthians 6:2; 1 Corinthians 6:4 (RV marg.), James 2:6 (cf. Judges 5:10 al.), is frequent in the papyri, e.g. P Hib I. 29 Fr. (a) recto.5 (c. B.C. 265) (= Chrest. I. p. 306) ἐὰν δὲ ἀν ]τιλ ̣ε ̣γ ̣ηι, κριθήτωσα [ν ἐ ]π ̣[ ] τοῦ ἀ [ποδε ]δειγμένου κ ̣[ρι ]τ ̣η ̣ρ ̣ι ̣ου, ";if he dispute the decision, they shall be tried before the appointed tribunal"; (Edd.), P Grenf I. 15.7 (B.C. 146 or 135) ὅπ ]ως μὴ περισπώμεθα ἐπὶ τὰ [.........]τα κριτήρια, BGU IV. 1054.1.(time of Augustus) Π ]ρωτάρχωι τῶι ἐπὶ τοῦ κριτηρίου παρὰ Ἀπολλωνίου, P Oxy X. 1270.16 (A.D. 159) πρὸς τῇ ἐπιμελείᾳ τ [ῶν χρηματιστῶν ] καὶ τῶν ἄλλων κριτηρί [ων, and similarly P Tebt II. 319.2 (A.D. 248). See also s.vv. ἀγοραῖος and ἑλκύω, and cf. Archiv iv. p. 8 f., v. pp. 40, 59 f. In Syll 371.9 (time of Nero) ἀνὴ [ρ ] δεδοκιμασμένος τοῖς θείοις κριτηρίοις τῶν Σεβαστῶν ἐπί τε τῇ τέχνῃ τῆς ἰατρικῆς, the word has its original sense of ";standard,"; ";test.";


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
κριτηρια κριτήρια κριτήριον κριτηρίου κριτηριων κριτηρίων kriteria kritēria kritḗria kriterion kriteríon kritēriōn kritēríōn
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