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Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #2923 - κριτής
- one who passes or arrogates to himself, judgment on anything
- an arbiter
- of a Roman procurator administering justice
- of God passing judgment on men
- of the leaders or rulers of the Israelites
κρῐτ-ής, οῦ, ὁ,
voc. κριτή Hippon. 118: (κρίνω): —
1. judge, umpire, A. Supp. 397, Hdt. 3.160, etc.; ἐν πέντε κριτῶν γούνασι κεῖται Epich. 229; κ. τῶν ἀληθῶν, opp. δοξαστής, Antipho 5.94; κριταὶ ἀπὸ τοῦ ἴσου, opp. ἀγωνισταί, Th. 3.37; τῶν.. λεγομένων μὴ κακοὺς κ. Id. 1.120; κ. περί τινος Lys. 16.21, Pl. Phlb. 65a; at Athens, usu. of the judges in the poetic contests, Ar. Ach. 1224, Nu. 1115, Av. 445, cf. And. 4.21; rarely, = δικαστής, Demad. 3: so metaph. in Aeschin. 3.232; πάντα τὰ στοιχεῖα κριτὴν εἴληφε, i. e. each element has found favour with some philosopher, Arist. de An. 405b8, cf. Pol. 1337a42; of the Judges of Israel, LXX Jd. 2.16, al.; κ. δοθείς, = Lat. judex datus, POxy. 1195.1 (ii A. D.); ἐπίλεκτος κ., = judex selectus, OGI 567.10 (Attalia, ii A. D.).
2. κ. ἐνυπνίων interpreter of dreams, A. Pers. 226.
II κριτάς· ὀδόντας, Hsch.; cf. κραντήρ.
κριτής , -οῦ , ὁ
(< κρίνω ),
[in LXX chiefly for H8199;]
a judge: Matthew 5:25, Luke 12:14; Luke 12:58; Luke 18:2; τ . ἀδικίας , Luke 18:6; c. gem rei (obj.), Acts 18:15, James 4:11; (qual.), διαλογισμῶν πονηρῶν , James 2:4; of a Roman procurator, Acts 24:10; of God, Hebrews 12:23, James 4:12; Christ, Acts 10:42, 2 Timothy 4:8, James 5:9; of those whose conduct is made a standard for judging, Matthew 12:27, Luke 11:19; in the OT sense (Judges 2:16, Ruth 1:1, al), of a ruler in Israel, Acts 13:20.†
SYN.: δικάστης G1348, q.v.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
κριτής is used of one designated by the Prefect to the office of ";judge,"; as in P Oxy IX. 1195.1 (A.D. 135) Ἀπολλωνίωι κριτῆι δοθέντι ὑπὸ Πετρωνίου Μαμερτείνου τοῦ κρατίστου ἡγεμόνος : it is also applied to this same Prefect himself in ib. IV. 726.20 (A.D. 135). Cf. also ib. I. 97.5 (A.D. 115–6) ἐπί τε πάσης ἐξουσίας καί παντὸς κριτοῦ. For the ";technical-political"; sense of the word, as frequently in the LXX, Wackernagel (Hellenistica, p. 11) cites OGIS 467.10 ἐπίλεκτον κριτὴν ἐκ τῶν ἐν Ῥώμῃ δεκουριῶν, compared with ib. 499.3 τῶν ἐκλέκτων ἐν Ῥώμῃ δικαστῶν, both ii/A.D. inscrr. from Asia Minor.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
the Third Week after Epiphany