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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Strong's #3162 - μάχαιρα

Transliteration
máchaira
Phonetics
makh'-ahee-rah
Origin
from a presumed derivative of (3163)
Parts of Speech
Noun Feminine
TDNT
4:524,572
Definition
Thayer's
  1. a large knife, used for killing animals and cutting up flesh
  2. a small sword, as distinguished from a large sword
    1. curved sword, for a cutting stroke
    2. a straight sword, for thrusting
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 1270 ‑ בַּרְזֶל (bar‑zel');  2595 ‑ חֲנִית (khan‑eeth');  2719 ‑ חֶרֶב (kheh'‑reb);  3979 ‑ מַאֲכֶלֶת (mah‑ak‑eh'‑leth);  
Frequency Lists  
  1. Book
  2. Word
  3. Parsing
KJV (29)
Matthew
7
Mark
3
Luke
5
John
2
Acts
2
Romans
2
Ephesians
1
Hebrews
3
Revelation
4
NAS (29)
Matthew
7
Mark
3
Luke
5
John
2
Acts
2
Romans
2
Ephesians
1
Hebrews
3
Revelation
4
HCS (29)
Matthew
7
Mark
3
Luke
5
John
2
Acts
2
Romans
2
Ephesians
1
Hebrews
3
Revelation
4
BSB (29)
Matthew
7
Mark
3
Luke
5
John
2
Acts
2
Romans
2
Ephesians
1
Hebrews
3
Revelation
4
ESV (29)
Matthew
7
Mark
3
Luke
5
John
2
Acts
2
Romans
2
Ephesians
1
Hebrews
3
Revelation
4
WEB (29)
Matthew
7
Mark
3
Luke
5
John
2
Acts
2
Romans
2
Ephesians
1
Hebrews
3
Revelation
4
Verse Results
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

μάχαιρ-α [ μᾰ], ας

(later - ης, dat. - , PTeb. 16.14 (ii B. C.), Luke 21:24, etc.), ,

I

1. large knife or dirk, Il. 11.844, 18.597, 19.252; μ. ἥ οἱ πὰρ ξίφεος μέγα κουλεὸν αἰὲν ἄωρτο 3.271; carving-knife, Pi. O. 1.49, Hdt. 2.61, Ar. Eq. 489, Pl. R. 353a, etc.; κοπίδες μ. E. Cyc. 242; sacrificial knife, Ar. Pax 948, Pl.Com. 91, Michel 832.52 (Samos, iv B. C.): — ἡ Δελφικὴ μ. a knife adapted to various purposes, Arist. Pol. 1252b2, cf. Hsch. s.v. Δελφικὴ μ.; prov., of greedy persons, because Delphian sacrificers claimed a share for the knife, App.Prov. 1.94.

2. as a weapon, short sword, dagger, Pi. N. 4.59, Hdt. 6.75, 7.225, Lys. 13.87, etc.; an assassin's weapon, Antipho 5.69; used by jugglers, Pl. Euthd. 294e (pl.), etc.; later, sabre, opp. the straight sword (ξίφος), X. Eq. 12.11, cf. HG 3.3.7, Cyr. 1.2.13, Matthew 26:52, etc.; οἱ ἐπὶ τῆς μ., of a bodyguard, Arr. Epict. 1.30.7; but, ἐπὶ μ. τασσόμενοι possessing power of life and death (jus gladii), Cat.Cod. Astr. 8(4).173; μ. ἱππική cavalry sabre, IG 11(2).161 B 99 (Delos, iii B. C.).

3. μ. κουρίδες, shears or scissors, Cratin. 37; κεκαρμένος μοιχὸν μιᾶ μ., i.e. with one blade, Ar. Ach. 849, cf. Poll. 2.32 (where διπλῇ is f.l.), Hsch. s.v. μιᾷ μαχαίρᾳ; μ. κουρικαί Plu. Dio 9.

4. metaph., διὰ μαχαιρῶν καὶ πυρός Zen. 3.19, cf. Posidipp. 1.10; μ. τοῦ πνεύματος Ephesians 6:17, cf. LXX Isaiah 49:2.

II name of a precious stone, Arist. Mir. 847a5, Ps.- Plu. Fluv. 10.5.

III part of the liver, Ruf. Onom. 180.

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

μάχαιρα , -ης

(Att.. -ας ; v. WH, App., 1568; ΒΙ ., § 7, 1), ,

[in LXX chiefly for H2719; also for H3979, etc.;]

1. (in Hom., al.) a large knife or dirk, for sacrificial purposes (Genesis 22:6; Genesis 22:10, Judges 19:20 A).

2. a short sword or dagger (as disting. from ῥομφαία , a large broad sword and ξίφος , a straight sword for thrusting): Matthew 26:47 ff., Mark 14:43; Mark 14:47-48, Luke 22:36 ff., John 18:10-11,Acts 16:27, Hebrews 11:37, Revelation 6:4; Revelation 13:10; Revelation 13:14; στόμα μαχαίρης (as in Heb. H2719 H6310, Genesis 34:26, al.), the edge of the sword: Luke 21:24, Hebrews 11:34; μ . δίστομος , Hebrews 4:12; ἀναιρεῖν μαχαίρῃ , Acts 12:2; τὴν μ . φορεῖν , Romans 13:4. Metaph., Matthew 10:34 (opp. to εἰρήνη ), Romans 8:35; μ . τοῦ πνεῦματος , Ephesians 6:17.†


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

In Ptolemaic papyri the usual forms of the gen. and dat. of this common noun are μαχαίρας, μαχαίρᾳ, e.g. P Par 12.15 (B.C. 157) σπασάμενος λέπει με τῇ μαχαίρᾳ εἰς τὸ σκέλος, and the same holds generally true of the LXX (cf. Thackeray Gr. i. p. 141 f., Helbing Gr. p. 31ff.). In the NT only μαχαίρης, μαχαίρῃ, are found, and are normal in papyri of the Roman period. For an ex. from an earlier date see P Tebt I. 16.14 (B.C. 114) ἐν μαχαίρηι ";armed with a sword"; (for instrumental ἐν cf. 1 Corinthians 4:21 and the editors’ note). See further Moulton Proleg, pp. 38, 48, and Gr. ii. p. 118. We may add as further illustrating the word P Tebt I. 48.20 (c. B.C. 113) σπασαμένων τὰς μαχαίρας, and P Ryl II. 256.3 (i/B.C.) where a young man complains that he has been deprived of—πατ ]ρ ̣ικὴν στρατιωτικὴν μάχαιραν, which he had inherited. In Luke 22:38 Field (Notes, p. 76 f.) suggests as an alternative rendering ";knives,"; and compares Dion. Hal. Ant. xi. 37 ὡς ἐγγὺς ἦν ἐργαστηρίου μαγειρικοῦ, μάχαιραν ἐξαρπάσας ἀπὸ τῆς τραπέζης κτλ. For the dim. μαχαίριον see P Eleph 5.13 (B.C. 284–3) and P Oxy XIV. 1658.8 (iv/A.D.) μαχαίρια β ̄ μει ̣[κ (ρά, and for μαχαιρᾶς (not in LS), ";cutler,"; see ib. 1676.6 (iii/A.D.) δόντος μοι αὐτὴν τοῦ μαχαιρᾶ, ";which (letter) was given me by the cutler"; (Edd.). On the μαχαιροφόροι, a kind of military police, see P Amh II. 38.3 (ii/B.C.), P Oxy II. 294.20 (A.D. 22) (= Selections, p. 35) al., and the editor’s note on OGIS 737.6 (ii/B.C.) : cf. Romans 13:4. MGr μαχαίρι.

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
μαχαιρα μαχαίρα μάχαιρα μάχαιρά μαχαιραι μάχαιραι μαχαίραις μαχαιραν μάχαιραν μάχαιράν μαχαίρας μαχαιρη μαχαίρῃ μαχαιρης μαχαίρης μαχαιρων μαχαιρών μαχαιρῶν μαχβάρ machaira máchaira machairai máchairai machairan máchairan máchairán machaire machairē machaírei machaírēi machaires machairēs machaíres machaírēs machairon machairôn machairōn machairō̂n
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org. Copyright 1999-2021. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
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