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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #3163 - μάχη

Root Word (Etymology)
from (G3164)
Parts of Speech
feminine noun
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  1. a fight or combat
    1. of those in arms, a battle
    2. of persons at variance, disputants etc., strife, contention
    3. a quarrel
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 4066 ‑ מָדוֹן (maw‑dohn');  4421 ‑ מִלְחָמָה (mil‑khaw‑maw');  4682 ‑ מַצָּה (mats‑tsaw');  6635 ‑ צְבָאָה (tsaw‑baw', tseb‑aw‑aw');  7378 ‑ רוּב (reeb, roob);  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (4)
2 Corinthians 1
2 Timothy 1
Titus 1
James 1
NAS (4)
2 Corinthians 1
2 Timothy 1
Titus 1
James 1
CSB (4)
2 Corinthians 1
2 Timothy 1
Titus 1
James 1
BSB (4)
2 Corinthians 1
2 Timothy 1
Titus 1
James 1
ESV (4)
2 Corinthians 1
2 Timothy 1
Titus 1
James 1
WEB (4)
2 Corinthians 1
2 Timothy 1
Titus 1
James 1
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

μᾰχ-η, ἡ,



1. battle, combat, freq. in Hom., usu. of armies, μ. καὶ φύλοπις Il. 13.789; ἐπὶ ἶσα μ. τέτατο πτόλεμός τε 12.436; μ. ἐνοπή τε 12.35; μάχαι τ' ἀνδροκτασίαι τε 7.237; sts. of single combat, ib. 158, 232, 263; μ. καὶ δηϊοτής ib. 290; ναῶν ἐν μάχαις Pi. N. 9.34; μάχαις καὶ ναυμαχίαις Lys. 30.26; μάχη δορός A. Ag. 439 (lyr.), etc.: with Verbs, μάχην μάχεσθαι fight a battle, Il. 15.414, etc.; θήσονται μ. 24.402; μάχας εἰσήλυθον 2.798; ἀρτύνθη μ. 11.216; μ. ἤγειραν 17.261; μ. ὀρνύμεν, ὤτρυνον, 9.353, 12.277; συμφερόμεσθα μάχῃ 11.736; πειρᾶτο μάχας Pi. N. 1.43; ἀντιάζειν τινὶ μάχαν ib. 67; σὺν γυναιξὶ τὰς μ. ποιούμενος S. El. 302, cf. X. Cyr. 3.3.29; μάχην συνάψαι ἐμβολαῖς A. Pers. 336; μ. συμβάλλειν τινί engage battle with.., E. Ba. 837; διὰ μάχης τινὶ ἀπικέσθαι, ἔρχεσθαι, ἥκειν, Hdt. 1.169, 6.9, A. Supp. 475; διὰ μάχης ἐκβαλεῖν τινα Arist. Pol. 1303a35 (so ἐξέπεσον διὰ μάχης ib. 34); εἰς μάχην πρός τινα ἐλθεῖν, μολεῖν, E. Ba. 636 (troch.), Ph. 694; ἐς μάχην ἐπεξιέναι τινί Th. 2.23; μάχης γενομένης Pl. Lg. 869c; μάχῃ κρατῆσαι conquer in battle, E. HF 612, D. 18.193 (with v.l. μάχην) ; νενικήκαμεν τὴν μεγάλην μ. X. Cyr. 7.5.53; Μιλτιάδης ὁ τὴν ἐν Μαραθῶνι μ. τοὺς βαρβάρους νικήσας Aeschin. 3.181; μάχη τινός battle with an enemy, Αἴαντος δ' ἀλέεινε μ. Il. 11.542, cf. Hes. Sc. 361; μ. ὑπέρ τινος Pi. N. 7.42; περί τι Pl. Lg. 919b: pl., strifes, ἔρις τε.. πόλεμοί τε μάχαι τε Il. 1.177; μάχας ἐν λόγοις ποιεῖσθαι Pl. Ti. 88a, etc.: generally, contention, strife, Id. 352c, etc.; μάχης ἐάν τις ἄρξηται SIG 1109.72 (ii A. D.); μ. νομικαί Titus 3:9.

2. = ἀγών, contest, as for a prize in the games, Pi. O. 8.58 (but ἄεθλα, opp. μάχαι πολέμου, Id. O. 2.44).

3. struggle, μηχανή τε πολλὴ καὶ μ. ἦν περί τινος X. Cyr. 7.5.38.

II mode of fighting, way of battle, ἡ μ. σφέων ἦν ἀπ' ἵππων Hdt. 1.79; ἐπίστασθαι τὴν μ. τινῶν Id. 7.9. ά, cf. 7.85, X. Cyr. 2.1.7.

III field of battle, interpol. in Id. An. 2.2.6, 5.5.4. in Logic, contradiction, inconsistency, Epict. Ench. 52.1, S.E. M. 7.392.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

μάχη, μάχης, (μάχομαι; from Homer down), the Sept. several times for רִיב, מָדון, etc.; a flight, combat;

1. of those in arms, a battle.

2. of persons at variance disputants, etc., strife, contention; a quarrel: 2 Corinthians 7:5; 2 Timothy 2:23; James 4:1; μάχαι νομικαι, contentions about the law, Titus 3:9.

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

μάχη , -ης ,

(<μάχομαι ),

[in LXX chiefly for H7378;]

1. a fight.

2. a strife, contention, quarrel: 2 Corinthians 7:5, 2 Timothy 2:23, James 4:1; pl., Titus 3:9.†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

The weaker sense of μάχη, ";contention,"; ";quarrel,"; which alone is found in the NT (except perhaps in James 4:1), may be illustrated from the curious mantic P Ryl I.28.203 (iv/A.D.) ἐὰν ὁ τρίτος ἅληται ἀηδίαν σημαίνι καὶ μάχας ἕξ ̣ε ̣ι διὰ θῆλυ, ἔχειν δηλοῖ ἔπειτα χαράς · εὔχου Διΐ, ";if the third toe quiver, it signifies trouble, and the man will have strife on account of a female, and afterwards gladness : pray to Dionysus"; (Ed.) : cf. from the inscrr Syll 737 (= .31109).72 (before A.D. 178) μάχης δὲ ἐάν τις ἄρξηται ἢ εὑρεθῇ τις ἀκοσμῶν, and Kaibel 522.5 (Thessalonica) where a claim is made of a man’s having lived without quarrelling with his companions— [τάρ ]ο [ι ]σιν δίχα μάχης ζήσας. In PSI I. 71.4 (vi/A.D.) the word is used of what was evidently a serious brawl between two men—μάχην κεινήσαντες πρὸς ἑαυτοὺς ἐν μέσῳ τῆς κώμης. On the μάχιμοι, native troops, see Chrest. I. i. p. 382, Meyer Heerwesen, p. 64 ff. : the term was applied not only to regular soldiers, but to the armed attendants of officials, e.g. P Tebt I. 112.81 (B.C. 112) with the editors’ note.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
μαχαι μάχαι μάχαις μαχας μάχας μάχη μαχήλ μάχην μάχης μαχηταί μαχηταίς μαχητάς μαχητήν μαχητής μαχήτης μαχητού μαχητών μάχιμοι μαχίμου μαχίμων machai máchai machas máchas
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