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Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical DictionaryHebrew Lexicon

Strong's #6635 - צְבָאָה

Transliteration
tsâbâʼ
Phonetics
tsaw-baw', tseb-aw-aw'
Root Word (Etymology)
from (H6633)
Parts of Speech
Noun Masculine
TWOT
1865a,1865b
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צְבָה
 
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צְבִיִּם
Definition   
Brown-Driver-Briggs'

1) that which goes forth, army, war, warfare, host

1a) army, host

1a1) host (of organised army)

1a2) host (of angels)

1a3) of sun, moon, and stars

1a4) of whole creation

1b) war, warfare, service, go out to war

1c) service

Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 39 ‑ ἅγιον (hag'‑ee‑on);  706 ‑ ἀριθμός (ar‑ith‑mos');  792 ‑ ἀστήρ (as‑tare');  798 ‑ ἄστρον (as'‑tron);  979 ‑ βίος (bee'‑os);  1411 ‑ δύναμις (doo'‑nam‑is);  1484 ‑ ἔθνος (eth'‑nos);  2889 ‑ κόσμος (kos'‑mos);  3009 ‑ λειτουργία (li‑toorg‑ee'‑ah);  3163 ‑ μάχη (makh'‑ay);  4128 ‑ πλῆθος (play'‑thos);  4171 ‑ πόλεμος (pol'‑em‑os);  4752 ‑ στρατεία (strat‑i'‑ah);  4756 ‑ στρατιά (strat‑ee'‑ah);  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (481)
Genesis 4
Exodus 5
Numbers 72
Deuteronomy 4
Joshua 5
Judges 4
1 Samuel 10
2 Samuel 15
1 Kings 14
2 Kings 10
1 Chronicles 26
2 Chronicles 12
Nehemiah 2
Job 3
Psalms 23
Isaiah 70
Jeremiah 88
Daniel 6
Hosea 1
Amos 9
Micah 1
Nahum 2
Habakkuk 1
Zephaniah 3
Haggai 14
Zechariah 53
Malachi 24
NAS (481)
Genesis 4
Exodus 5
Numbers 75
Deuteronomy 4
Joshua 5
Judges 4
1 Samuel 9
2 Samuel 15
1 Kings 14
2 Kings 9
1 Chronicles 25
2 Chronicles 11
Nehemiah 2
Job 4
Psalms 23
Isaiah 70
Jeremiah 88
Daniel 6
Hosea 1
Amos 9
Micah 1
Nahum 2
Habakkuk 1
Zephaniah 3
Haggai 14
Zechariah 53
Malachi 24
HCS (479)
Genesis 3
Exodus 5
Numbers 73
Deuteronomy 4
Joshua 5
Judges 4
1 Samuel 10
2 Samuel 14
1 Kings 14
2 Kings 10
1 Chronicles 25
2 Chronicles 12
Nehemiah 2
Job 3
Psalms 23
Isaiah 70
Jeremiah 88
Daniel 6
Hosea 1
Amos 9
Micah 1
Nahum 2
Habakkuk 1
Zephaniah 3
Haggai 14
Zechariah 53
Malachi 24
BSB (487)
Genesis 5
Exodus 5
Numbers 77
Deuteronomy 4
Joshua 5
Judges 4
1 Samuel 10
2 Samuel 15
1 Kings 14
2 Kings 10
1 Chronicles 26
2 Chronicles 12
Nehemiah 2
Job 3
Psalms 23
Isaiah 70
Jeremiah 88
Daniel 6
Hosea 1
Amos 9
Micah 1
Nahum 2
Habakkuk 1
Zephaniah 3
Haggai 14
Zechariah 53
Malachi 24
ESV (459)
Genesis 4
Numbers 75
Deuteronomy 3
Joshua 5
Judges 4
1 Samuel 10
2 Samuel 14
1 Kings 14
2 Kings 10
1 Chronicles 20
2 Chronicles 10
Nehemiah 2
Job 3
Psalms 23
Isaiah 64
Jeremiah 84
Daniel 6
Hosea 1
Amos 9
Micah 1
Nahum 2
Habakkuk 1
Zephaniah 3
Haggai 14
Zechariah 53
Malachi 24
WEB (481)
Genesis 4
Exodus 5
Numbers 75
Deuteronomy 4
Joshua 5
Judges 4
1 Samuel 11
2 Samuel 15
1 Kings 14
2 Kings 9
1 Chronicles 27
2 Chronicles 10
Nehemiah 2
Job 2
Psalms 22
Isaiah 70
Jeremiah 88
Daniel 6
Hosea 1
Amos 9
Micah 1
Nahum 2
Habakkuk 1
Zephaniah 3
Haggai 14
Zechariah 53
Malachi 24
Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

1393) by (תסב TsB) AC: Stand CO: Wall AB: ?: The pictograph y is a picture of a man on his side, the b is a picture of a tent. Combined these mean "side of the tent". The walls of the tent enclose what is inside. The tent walls stand firm and strong, protecting it from the harsh elements. As the family swells in size, the tent walls are enlarged.

A) by (תסב TsB) AC: ? CO: Wall AB: ?

Nm ) by (תסב TsB) - I. Wagon:A walled wagon for transport. II. Tortoise:From its shell as a wagon. KJV (3): covered, litter, tortoise - Strongs: H6632 (צָב)

am) bym (מתסב MTsB) - Garrison: The walled in army. [df: bun] KJV (10): garrison, station, stood - Strongs: H4673 (מַצָּב)

af1 ) ebym (מתסבה MTsBH) - Garrison: The walled in army. KJV (2): garrison, army - Strongs: H4675 (מַצָּבָה)

fm) iby (תסבי TsBY) - I. Gazelle:An animal of a herd as an army. II. Beauty:The beauty and grace of the gazelle. KJV (32): roe, roebuck, glory, glorious, beautiful, beauty, goodly, pleasant - Strongs: H6643 (צְבִי)

ff1) eiby (תסביה TsBYH) - Gazelle: A female gazelle. KJV (2): roe - Strongs: H6646 (צְבִיָּה)

rm) fby (תסבו TsBW) - Purpose: [Unknown connection to root; Aramaic only] KJV (1): purpose - Strongs: H6640 (צְבוּ)

E) aby (תסבא TsBA) AC: Muster CO: Army AB: ?: The mustering of an army as a wall of protection.

V) aby (תסבא TsBA) - I. Muster:To gather for service, work or war. [Hebrew and Aramaic] II. Will:Ones desires. [Aramaic only] KJV (23): (vf: Paal, Hiphil) fight, assemble, muster, war, perform, wait, will - Strongs: H6633 (צָבָא), H6634 (צְבָה)

Nm) aby (תסבא TsBA) - Army: KJV (485): host, war, army, battle, service - Strongs: H6635 (צְבָאָה)

H) eby (תסבה TsBH) AC: Swell CO: ? AB: ?: As the family grows the tent is enlarged and seen as a swelling of the tent.

V) eby (תסבה TsBH) - Swell: KJV (3): (vf: Paal, Hiphil) swell, fight - Strongs: H6638 (צָבָה)

Nm) eby (תסבה TsBH) - Swelling: KJV (1): swell - Strongs: H6639 (צָבֶה)

L) byi (יתסב YTsB) AC: Stand CO: ? AB: Truth: A standing firm and fast as a wall.

V) byi (יתסב YTsB) - Stand: [Hebrew and Aramaic] KJV (49): (vf: Hitpael) stand, present, set, withstand, remain, resort, truth - Strongs: H3320 (יָצַב), H3321 (יְצַב)

bm) biyi (יתסיב YTsYB) - Truth: What stands firm. [Aramaic only] KJV (5): true, truth, certainty, certain - Strongs: H3330 (יַצִּיב)

Adopted Roots:

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2024
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
 צָבָא :485 noun masculine 2 Chronicles 28:9 (possibly feminine Isaiah 10:2; Isaiah 40:2; Daniel 8:12, but see Albr ZAW xv (1895), 319; Bev Dn) army, war, warfare; — absolute ׳צ Numbers 1:3 + (מִצָּבָה Zechariah 9:8); construct צְבָא Numbers 10:15 +; suffix צְבָאִי Job 14:14; צְבָאֲךָ Judges 8:9; Judges 9:29; צְבָיָו Psalm 103:21; Psalm 148:2 (Kt צבאו; so read probably in both), etc.; plural צְבָאוֺת Numbers 20:9 278t.; construct צִבְאוֺת Exodus 12:41 2t.; suffix צִבְאֹתַי Exodus 7:4; צִבְאֹתָם Exodus 6:26 +, etc.; —

1 army, host:

a. organized for war Judges 8:6; Judges 9:29 (J) Isaiah 34:2; Jeremiah 51:3; 2 Chronicles 28:9; צְבָאוֺ his host Numbers 2:4,6 10t. 2 (P), לְצִבְאֹתָם Numbers 1:3,52; Numbers 2:3,9 11t. Numbers 2:10; Numbers 33:1 (P); ׳אַלְפֵי הצ Numbers 31:48 (P); ישׂראל׳צ 2 Chronicles 25:7; ׳חֵיל (ה)צ 1 Chronicles 20:1; 2 Chronicles 26:13; ׳גְּדוּדֵי צ 1 Chronicles 7:4; כלהֿצבא 2 Samuel 3:23; 2 Samuel 10:7; 1 Chronicles 19:8; 2 Chronicles 26:14; ׳(ה)צשַׂר captain of (the) host Genesis 21:22,32 (E) Genesis 26:26 (J) Judges 4:2,7; 1 Samuel 12:9 21t.; (ה)צבאשָׂרֵי 1 Kings 1:25 (but read שַׂר), 1 Chronicles 25:1; 1 Chronicles 26:26; 2 Chronicles 33:11; ׳שָׂרִים בצ 1 Chronicles 12:22; (ה)צבאותשָׂרֵי Deuteronomy 20:9; 1 Kings 2:5; 1 Chronicles 27:3; ׳רָאשֵׁי הצ 1 Chronicles 12:14; מַלְכֵי צבאות Psalm 68:13; ׳(ה)צעַל over the host (as captain) Numbers 10:14,15 10t. Numbers 10 (P), 2 Samuel 8:16 = 1 Chronicles 18:15; 2 Samuel 17:25; 1 Kings 2:35; 1 Kings 4:4; אלֿ׳כל הצ 2 Samuel 20:23 (אל for על); עַלצִֿבְאֹתָם Exodus 6:26; Exodus 12:51 (P); הוציא צבאות lead out armies Exodus 7:4; Exodus 12:17 (P); ׳יצא צ army goes forth (to war) Exodus 12:41; 1 Chronicles 7:11; לֹא תֵצֵא בְּצִבְאוֺתֵינוּ Psalm 44:10, of ׳י going with our armies = Psalm 60:12 = Psalm 108:12; figurative of great number, צבא רב Psalm 68:12. — On חֲלִיפוֺת וְצָבָא Job 10:17 see Di; Bu proposes תַּחֲלֵף צְבָאֲ(ךָׅ i.e. thou dost renew ( thine) army against me.

b. host (organized body) of angels (compare Luke 2:13), צבא השׁמים (כל) all the host of heaven 1 Kings 22:19 2 Chronicles 18:18; Nehemiah 9:6; כל צבאיו Psalm 103:21; Psalm 148:2; צבא הַמָּרוֺם Isaiah 24:21 host of the high (angle-princes; "" earthly monarchs); צבא השׁמים Daniel 8:10, הצבא Daniel 8:10 (al. v b figurative of Israel); ׳י׳שׂר צ captain of the host of ׳י Joshua 5:14,15 (theophanic angel); שׂרהצבא Daniel 8:11 (angel-prince of Israel, others, God).

c. of sun, moon and stars, כלצבא השׁמים Deuteronomy 4:19; Deuteronomy 17:3; 2 Kings 17:16; 2 Kings 21:3,5 2 Chronicles 33:3,5; 2 Kings 23:4,5; Jeremiah 8:2; Jeremiah 19:13 (all as objects of worship), Isaiah 34:4; השׁמים׳צ Jeremiah 33:22; Zephaniah 1:5; כל צבאם Nehemiah 9:6; Psalm 33:6; Isaiah 34:4; Isaiah 45:12; צבאם Isaiah 40:26. — Jeremiah 3:19 see I. צְבִי.

d. of the entire creation, כל צבאם Genesis 2:1.

2 war, warfare, service: יָצָא צָבָא go out to war Numbers 1:3,20 12t. Numbers 1; Numbers 26:2 (P) 1 Chronicles 5:18; 1 Chronicles 7:11; 1 Chronicles 12:33; 1 Chronicles 12:36; 2 Chronicles 25:5; 26:11; ׳יצא בצ Numbers 31:36 (P) Deuteronomy 24:5; ׳יצא לצ Numbers 31:27,28 (P); ׳עלה לצ go up to war Joshua 22:12,33 (P); ׳בא מצ come from war Numbers 31:14; 2 Chronicles 28:12; ׳קבץ לצ 1 Samuel 28:1; ׳שׁלח לצ Numbers 31:4,6 (twice in verse) (P) התיחשׂם׳בּצ 1 Chronicles 7:40; תִנָּתֵן׳צ Daniel 8:12; ׳אַנְשֵׁי (ה)צ men of war Numbers 31:21,53 (P) 1 Chronicles 12:8, compare ׳עַם הצ Numbers 31:32(P); see also II. חלץ; ׳גִבּוֺרֵי חַיִל לצ 1 Chronicles 12:25; ׳כְּלֵי צ 1 Chronicles 12:37 instruments of war.

3 service:

a. of Levites in sacred places Numbers 4:3,23,30,35,39,43; Numbers 8:24,25; קֹדֶשׁ וְצָבָא Daniel 8:13 (al. as Daniel 8:11, 1 b).

b. of hard service of troubled life Job 7:1; Job 14:14; Isaiah 40:2; Daniel 10:1.

4צְבָאוֺת, in name of ׳י as God of war, probably first in time of warlike David (some connect with sacred ark, but ark older), explained יהוה צבאות אֱלֹחֵי מערכות ישׂראל 1 Samuel 17:45 ׳י Sebaoth God of the battle array of Israel (the thought of angels and stars as army of God is later);

a. earliest form with article:אֱלֹהֵי הַצְּבָאוֺת ׳י Amos 3:13; Amos 6:14; Amos 9:5 (אֱלֹהֵי omitted by error, compare We), Hosea 12:6.

b. without article, definite by usage, אֱלֹהֵי צְבָאוֺת׳י 2 Samuel 5:10; Amos 5:14,15,16; Amos 6:8; 1 Kings 19:10,14; Jeremiah 5:14; Jeremiah 15:16; Psalm 89:9; אֱלֹהֵי צְבָאֹת אֱלֹהֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל׳י Jeremiah 35:17; Jeremiah 38:17; Jeremiah 44:7; 1 Samuel 7:27 = 1 Chronicles 17:24; Isaiah 21:10; Isaiah 37:16; Isaiah 1st אֱלֹהֵי omitted Jeremiah 7:3,21 30t. Jeremiah; Zephaniah 2:9; אלהי ישׂראל׳אלהים צ ׳י Psalm 59:6 (אלהים variant of ׳י); שְׁמוֺ׳צ ׳א׳י, ׳י God of hosts his name Amos 4:13; Amos 5:27, later reduced to ׳צ׳י שְׁמוֺ Isaiah 47:4; Isaiah 48:2; Isaiah 51:15; Isaiah 54:5; Jeremiah 10:16; Jeremiah 31:35 6t. Jeremiah

c. as proper name Sebaoth: צבאות׳י, ׳י Sebaoth ( Lord of hosts, Vrss, owing to Qr אֲדֹנָי, but this never construct אֲדֹנֵי; al. ׳י of hosts, but < names in apposition, since ׳י is proper name; ׳צ for earlier ׳אלהי צ; compare Σαβαωθ James 5:4; Romans 9:29): 1 Samuel 1:3,11; 1 Samuel 4:4; 1 Samuel 15:2; 1 Samuel 17:45; 2 Samuel 6:2,18; 2 Samuel 7:8,26; 1 Kings 18:15; 2 Kings 3:14; 2 Kings 19:31; 1 Chronicles 11:9; 1 Chronicles 17:7; Psalm 24:10 6t. Psalm; Micah 4:4; Nahum 2:14; Nahum 3:5; Habakkuk 2:13; Zephaniah 2:10; Isaiah 1:9; Isaiah 2:12; Isaiah 5:7,9,16,24 35t. Isaiah 6-39; Isa2, only Isaiah 44:6; Isaiah 45:13; Jeremiah 6:6,9; Jeremiah 8:3; Jeremiah 9:6; Jeremiah 9:16 26t. Jeremiah; Haggai 1:2,5 12t. Haggai; Zechariah 1:3 (3t. in verse); Zechariah 1:4 40t. Zechariah 1-8; Zechariah 9:15 8t. Zechariah 10-14; Malachi 1:4,6,8 21t. Malachi; ׳צ׳האדון י Isaiah 1:24 4t. Isaiah (including Isaiah 10:16 Baer Gi > van d. H. אֲדֹנָי for ׳י); ׳צ׳אֲדֹנָי י Isaiah 3:15 + (on these phrase see אָדוֺן 1,6); ׳אלהים צ (׳א later Qr for original ׳י) Psalm 80:8; Psalm 80:15; ׳אלהים צ׳י (earlier ׳י + later [inserted] ׳א) Psalm 80:5; Psalm 80:20; Psalm 84:9. — compare Dr Hastings DB (1900), LORD OF HOSTS and references, Löhr Amos (Beiheftezur ZAW iv (1900), 38-67).

צְבָאוֺת, צִבְאוֺת, צְבָאִים see further I, II. צְבִי.

צְבֹאִים see צְבֹיִים.

I. צבב (√ of following; compare Assyrian ƒumbu (=*ƒubbu), cart; ᵑ7צִיבָּא low, covered wagon).


Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
List of Word Forms
בְּצִבְאֹתֵֽינוּ׃ בְּצִבְאוֹתֵֽינוּ׃ בַּצָּבָ֑א בַּצָּבָ֔א בַּצָּבָֽא׃ בַּצָּבָא֙ בצבא בצבא׃ בצבאותינו׃ בצבאתינו׃ הַצְּבָא֑וֹת הַצְּבָא֖וֹת הַצְּבָא֗וֹת הַצְּבָאֽוֹת׃ הַצָּבָ֑א הַצָּבָ֔א הַצָּבָ֖א הַצָּבָ֗א הַצָּבָ֜א הַצָּבָ֤א הַצָּבָ֥א הַצָּבָֽא׃ הַצָּבָא֙ הצבא הצבא׃ הצבאות הצבאות׃ וְצָבָ֖א וְצָבָ֛א וְצָבָ֣א וּצְבָ֥א וּצְבָא֖וֹ וצבא וצבאו לְצִבְאֹתָ֑ם לְצִבְאֹתָ֔ם לְצִבְאֹתָ֖ם לְצִבְאֹתָֽם׃ לִֽצְבָאֲךָ֖ לִצְבָ֣א לַצָּבָ֑א לַצָּבָ֔א לַצָּבָֽא׃ לצבא לצבא׃ לצבאך לצבאתם לצבאתם׃ מִצְּבָ֣א מִצְּבָ֥א מצבא צְ֭בָאוֹת צְבָ֔א צְבָ֖א צְבָ֖אֹות צְבָ֣א צְבָ֤א צְבָ֥א צְבָ֨א צְבָ֫א֥וֹת צְבָֽא־ צְבָא֑וֹ צְבָא֑וֹת צְבָא֔וֹ צְבָא֔וֹת צְבָא֖וֹת צְבָא֗וֹת צְבָא֛וֹ צְבָא֛וֹת צְבָא֜וֹת צְבָא֡וֹת צְבָא֣וֹת צְבָא֤וֹת צְבָאֲךָ֖ צְבָאִ֣י צְבָאָ֑יו צְבָאָ֑ם צְבָאָ֔הּ צְבָאָ֖ם צְבָאָ֗ם צְבָאָ֣ם צְבָאָֽהּ׃ צְבָאָֽיו׃ צְבָאָֽם׃ צְבָאֽוֹ׃ צְבָאֽוֹת׃ צְבָאוֹ֙ צְבָאוֹת֒ צְבָאוֹת֙ צְבָאוֹת֩ צְבָאוֹת֮ צִבְא֣וֹת צִבְא֥וֹת צִבְאֹתַ֜י צִבְאֹתָֽם׃ צִבְאוֹתֵיכֶ֖ם צָבָ֔א צָבָ֖א צָבָ֗א צָבָ֛א צָבָ֜א צָבָ֞א צָבָ֣א צָבָ֥א צָבָ֧א צָבָֽא׃ צָבָא֙ צבא צבא־ צבא׃ צבאה צבאה׃ צבאו צבאו׃ צבאות צבאות׃ צבאותיכם צבאי צבאיו צבאיו׃ צבאך צבאם צבאם׃ צבאתי צבאתם׃ baṣ·ṣā·ḇā baṣṣāḇā batztzaVa bə·ṣiḇ·’ō·ṯê·nū bə·ṣiḇ·’ō·w·ṯê·nū bəṣiḇ’ōṯênū bəṣiḇ’ōwṯênū betzivoTeinu haṣ·ṣā·ḇā haṣ·ṣə·ḇā·’ō·wṯ haṣṣāḇā haṣṣəḇā’ōwṯ hatztzaVa hatztzevaot laṣ·ṣā·ḇā laṣṣāḇā latztzaVa lə·ṣiḇ·’ō·ṯām ləṣiḇ’ōṯām letzivoTam liṣ·ḇā liṣ·ḇā·’ă·ḵā liṣḇā liṣḇā’ăḵā litzVa litzvaaCha miṣ·ṣə·ḇā miṣṣəḇā mitztzeVa ṣā·ḇā ṣāḇā ṣə·ḇā ṣə·ḇā- ṣə·ḇā·’ă·ḵā ṣə·ḇā·’āh ṣə·ḇā·’ām ṣə·ḇā·’āw ṣə·ḇā·’î ṣə·ḇā·’ō·wṯ ṣə·ḇā·’ōw ṣəḇā ṣəḇā- ṣəḇā’āh ṣəḇā’ăḵā ṣəḇā’ām ṣəḇā’āw ṣəḇā’î ṣəḇā’ōw ṣəḇā’ōwṯ ṣiḇ’ōṯām ṣiḇ’ōṯay ṣiḇ’ōwṯ ṣiḇ’ōwṯêḵem ṣiḇ·’ō·ṯām ṣiḇ·’ō·ṯay ṣiḇ·’ō·w·ṯê·ḵem ṣiḇ·’ō·wṯ tzaVa tzeVa tzevaaCha tzevaAh tzevaAm tzevaAv tzevaI tzevaO tzevaot tzivot tzivoTai tzivoTam tzivoteiChem ū·ṣə·ḇā ū·ṣə·ḇā·’ōw ūṣəḇā ūṣəḇā’ōw utzeVa utzevaO vetzaVa wə·ṣā·ḇā wəṣāḇā
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