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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #3178 - μέθη

apparently a root word
Parts of Speech
feminine noun
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  1. intoxication
  2. drunkenness
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 6071 ‑ עָסִיס (aw‑sees');  7937 ‑ שָׁכַר (shaw‑kar');  7941 ‑ שֵׁכָר (shay‑kawr');  
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The Lexham English Bible
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N95 (3)
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Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

μέθη, ἡ,

(for μεθύω: μέθη, cf. πληθύω: πλήθᾱ)

I strong drink, καλῶς ἔχειν μέθης to be pretty well drunk, Hdt. 5.20; ὑπερπλησθεὶς μέθης S. OT 779; μέθῃ βρεχθείς E. El. 326; ἡ ἀπειρία τῆς μ. Antipho 4.3.2; ἐσφαλμένος ὑπὸ μέθης Pl. R. 396d; μανδραγόρᾳ ἢ μέθῃ συμποδίσαι τινά ib. 488c; μ. εὐώδης παλαιός fragrant old wine, Hp. Epid. 7.82.


1. drunkenness, μ. αἰώνιος Pl. R. 363d; πίνειν εἰς μέθην Id. Lg. 775b; μέθῃ χρῆσθαι ib. 674a; διὰ μέθης ποιήσασθαι.. τὴν συνουσίαν Id. Smp. 176e; κωμάζειν μετὰ μέθης Id. Lg. 637b; τρεῖς εἶχεν προφάσεις, μέθην, ἔρωτα, ἄγνοιαν D. 21.38: pl., carousals, Democr. 159, Pl. Lg. 682e; ἐν μέθαις Id. Phdr. 256c, cf. LXX Ju. 13.15, Romans 13:13, etc.

2. metaph., ὑπὸ μέθης τοῦ φόβου ναυτιᾷ Pl. Lg. 639b, cf. Metrod. Herc. 831.18; μ. νηφαλίῳ κατασχεθεὶς ὥσπερ οἱ κορυβαντιῶντες Ph. 1.16, cf. 2.320.

III Μέθη personified, in Art, Paus. 2.27.3.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

μέθη, μέθης, (akin to μέθυ, wine; perhaps any intoxicating drink, Latintemetum; cf. German Meth (mead)), intoxication; drunkenness: Luke 21:34; plural, Romans 13:13; Galatians 5:21. (Hebrew שֵׁכָר, intoxicating drink, Proverbs 20:1; Isaiah 28:7; and שִׁכָּרון, intoxication, Ezekiel 23:32; Ezekiel 39:19; (Antiphon), Xenophon, Plato, others) (Cf. Trench, § lxi.)

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

μέθη , -ης , ,

[in LXX chiefly for H7937 and cognate forms;]

drunkenness: Luke 21:34; pl., Romans 13:13, Galatians 5:21

SYN.: see κῶμος G2970.

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

";drunkenness,"; is found in the plur., as in Romans 13:13, Galatians 5:21, in the invitation to the celebration of Hadrian’s accession P Giss I. 3.8 (A.D. 117) (= Chrest. I. p. 571) γέλωσι καὶ μέθαις ταῖς ἀπὸ κρήνης τὰς ψυχὰς ἀνέντες. See also Vett. Val. p. 90.13 εἰς ἡδονὰς καὶ μέθας ἀναλίσκουσι τὰ περικτηθέντα, and cf. Poimandres § 27 (ed. Reitzenstein, P. 337) ὦ λαοί, ἄνδρες γηγενεῖς, οἱ μέθῃ καὶ ὕπνῳ ἑαυτοὺς ἐκδεδωκότες καὶ τῇ ἀγνωσίᾳ τοῦ θεοῦ, νήψατε, παύσασθε δὲ κραιπαλῶντες, θελγόμενοι ὕπνῳ ἀλόγῳ.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
μεθαι μέθαι μεθαις μέθαις μεθη μέθη μέθῃ μέθην μέθης methai méthai methais méthais methe methē méthei méthēi
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