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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #3182 - μεθύσκω

Root Word (Etymology)
a prolonged (transitive) form of (G3184)
Parts of Speech
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  1. to intoxicate, make drunk
  2. to get drunk, become intoxicated
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 1986 ‑ הָלַם (haw‑lam');  7235 ‑ רָבָה (raw‑baw');  7647 ‑ שָׂבָע (saw‑baw');  7783 ‑ שׁוּק (shook);  7910 ‑ שִׁכֹּר (shik‑kore', shik‑kore');  7937 ‑ שָׁכַר (shaw‑kar');  7937 ‑ שָׁכַר (shaw‑kar');  8354 ‑ שָׁתָה (shaw‑thaw');  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (4)
Luke 1
Ephesians 2
1 Thessalonians 1
NAS (6)
Luke 2
Ephesians 2
1 Thessalonians 2
CSB (3)
Luke 1
Ephesians 1
1 Thessalonians 1
BSB (4)
Luke 1
Ephesians 1
1 Thessalonians 1
Revelation 1
ESV (3)
Luke 1
Ephesians 1
1 Thessalonians 1
WEB (4)
Luke 1
Ephesians 2
1 Thessalonians 1
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions


fut. - ύσω [ ] LXX De. 32.42: aor. 1 ἐμέθῠσα ib. 2 Kings 11:13, - υσσα Nonn. D. 3.11, AP 5.260 (Agath.); inf. μεθύσαι Alex. (v. infr.): Pass., fut. μεθυσθήσομαι LXX Hosea 14:8, Luc. Luct. 13, D.L. 7.118: aor. ἐμεθύσθην Heraclit. 117, E. Cyc. 167, etc.; Aeol. inf. μεθύσθην Alc. 35: pf. μεμέθυσμαι Hedyl. ap. Ath. 4.176d:


1. Causal of μεθύω, make drunk, intoxicate, Διόνυσος οἶδε τὸ μεθύσαι μόνον Alex. 214; μ. ἑαυτὴν οἴνῳ Luc. Syr.D. 22: metaph., πάνθ' ὅσα δι' ἡδονῆς μεθύσκοντα παράφρονας ποιεῖ Pl. Lg. 649d; τὴν αἴσθησιν Thphr. Od. 46; Ἀθηνᾶ μεθύσασα ὕπνῳ τοὺς βαρβάρους Vett. Val. 347.26.

2. give to drink, θηλὴ μεθύσκει με μητρῴη Babr. 89.9; moisten, βωμοὺς ἐν γάλακτι, τέφρην, AP 6.99 (Phil.), 11.8.


1. Pass., = cross μεθύω, drink freely, get drunk, Alc. l.c., Hdt. 1.133, etc.; ὀδμῇ, οἴνῳ, ib. 202; πίνων οὐ μεθύσκεται X. Cyr. 1.3.11: in aor. ἐμεθύσθην, to be drunk, ἀνὴρ ὁκόταν μεθυσθῇ Heraclit. l.c.; ἅπαξ μεθυσθείς E. Cyc. 167, cf. Ar. V. 1252; ἀνθρώπους οἵους μεθυσθέντας D. 2.19: c. gen., νέκταρος with nectar, Pl. Smp. 203b: metaph., ὅταν πόλις [ἐλευθερίας] μεθυσθῇ Id. R. 562d: c. dat., ταῖς ἐξουσίαις with power, D.H. 4.74: in Hp. Steril. 218 μεθυσκέτω is corrupt for μεθυσκέσθω.

2. to be filled with food, μ. σίτῳ LXX Hosea 14:8; cf. μεθύει· πεπλήρωται, Hsch.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

μεθύσκω: passive, present μεθύσκομαι; 1 aorist ἐμεθυσθην; (from μέθυ, see μέθη); from Herodotus down; the Sept. for רִוָּה, הִרְוָה (Kal רָוָה), and שִׁכֵּר, to intoxicate, make drunk; passive (cf. Winers Grammar, 252 (237)) to get drunk, become intoxicated: Luke 12:45; John 2:10; 1 Thessalonians 5:7 (Buttmann, 62 (54)); οἴνῳ (Winer's Grammar, 217 (203)), Ephesians 5:18; ἐκ τοῦ οἴνου, Revelation 17:2 (see ἐκ, II. 5); τοῦ νεκταρος, Plato, symp., p. 203 b.; Lucian, dial. deor. 6, 3; ἀπό τίνος, Sir. 1:16 Sir. 35:13.

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

μεθύσκω ,

[in LXX: Psalms 23:5 (H7301), Proverbs 4:17 (H8354), etc.;]

causal of μεθύω ,

to make drunk, intoxicate; pass., to get drunk: Luke 12:45, Ephesians 5:18, 1 Thessalonians 5:7.†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

It seems impossible to draw any clear distinction between μεθύσκω and μεθύω : in 1 Thessalonians 5:7, e.g., they are virtually synonymous. But the idea of status (as distinguished from actus), which belongs more naturally to the latter, comes out well in the recipe of the magical papyrus P Lond 121.180 (iii/A.D.) (= I. p. 90) enabling a man πολλὰ πίνειν καὶ μὴ μεθύειν. For μεθύσκω cf. Kaibel 646.11 f. (not before iii/iv A.D.)—

ζῶντί μοι, εἴ τι ἔχεις, μεταδός, τέφραν δὲ μεθύσκων

πῆλον ποιήσεις καὶ οὐκ ὁ θανὼν πίεται.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
εμεθυσθησαν ἐμεθύσθησαν μεθυσκεσθαι μεθύσκεσθαι μεθυσκεσθε μεθύσκεσθε μεθυσκομενοι μεθυσκόμενοι μεθύσκον μεθύσκονται μεθύσκων μέθυσμα μεθύσματι emethusthesan emethusthēsan emethysthesan emethysthēsan emethýsthesan emethýsthēsan methuskesthai methuskesthe methuskomenoi methyskesthai methýskesthai methyskesthe methýskesthe methyskomenoi methyskómenoi
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