the Week of Proper 4 / Ordinary 9
Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary Greek Lexicon
Strong's #32 - ἄγγελος
- a messenger, envoy, one who is sent, an angel, a messenger from God
ἄγγελος, ὁ, ἡ,
1. messenger, envoy, Il. 2.26, etc.; δι' ἀγγέλων ὁμιλέειν τινί Hdt. 5.92. ζ, cf. SIG 229.25 (Erythrae): — prov., Ἀράβιος ἄ., of a loquacious person, Men. 32.
2. generally, one that announces or tells, e.g. of birds of augury, Il. 24.292, 296; Μουσῶν ἄγγελος, of a poet, Thgn. 769; ἄγγελε ἔαρος.. χελιδοῖ Simon. 74; ἄ. ἄφθογγος, of a beacon, Thgn. 549; of the nightingale, ὄρνις.. Διὸς ἄ. S. El. 149: c. gen. rei, ἄ. κακῶν ἐμῶν Id. Ant. 277; ἄγγελον γλῶσσαν λόγων E. Supp. 203; αἴσθησις ἡμῖν ἄ. Plot. 5.3.3; neut. pl., ἄγγελα νίκης Nonn. D. 34.226.
3. angel, LXX Genesis 28:12, al., Matthew 1:24, al., Ph. 2.604, etc.
4. in later philos., semi-divine being, ἡλιακοὶ ἄ. Jul. Or. 4.141b, cf. Iamb. Myst. 2.6, Procl. in R. 2.243 K.; ἄ. καὶ ἀρχάγγελοι Theol.Ar. 43.10, cf. Dam. Pr. 183, al.: also in mystical and magical writings, Herm. ap. Stob. 1.49.45, PMag.Lond. 46.121, etc.
II title of Artemis at Syracuse, Hsch.
ἄγγελος, , ὁ,
1. a messenger, envoy, one who is sent: Matthew 11:10; Luke 7:24, 27; Luke 9:52; Mark 1:2; James 2:25. (From Homer down.)
2. In the Scriptures, both of the Old Testament and of the New Testament, one of that host of heavenly spirits that, according alike to Jewish and Christian opinion, wait upon the monarch of the universe, and are sent by him to earth, now to execute his purposes (Matthew 4:6, 11; Matthew 28:2; Mark 1:13; Luke 16:22; Luke 22:43 (L brackets WH reject the passage); Acts 7:35;
3. Guardian angels of individuals are mentioned in Matthew 18:10; Acts 12:15. 'The angels of the churches' in Revelation 1:20; Revelation 2:1, 8, 12, 18; Revelation 3:1, 7, 14 are not their presbyters or bishops, but heavenly spirits who exercise such a superintendence and guardianship over them that whatever in their assemblies is worthy of praise or of censure is counted to the praise or the blame of their angels also, as though the latter infused their spirit into the assemblies; cf. DeWette, Düsterdieck (Alford) on Revelation 1:20, and Lücke, Einl. in d. Offenb. d. Johan. ii., p. 429f, edition 2; (Lightfoot on Philip., p. 199f). διά τούς ἀγγέλους that she may show reverence for the anqels, invisibly present in the religious assemblies of Christians, and not displease them, 1 Corinthians 11:10. ὤφθη ἀγγέλοις in 1 Timothy 3:16 is probably to be explained neither of angels to whom Christ exhibited himself in heaven, nor of demons triumphed over by him in the nether world, but of the apostles, his messengers, to whom he appeared after his resurrection. This appellation, which is certainly extraordinary, is easily understood from the nature of the hymn from which the passage ἐφανερώθη ... ἐν δόξῃ seems to have been taken; cf. Winer's Grammar, 639f (594) (for other interpretations see Ellicott, at the passage). In John 1:51 (52) angels are employed, by a beautiful image borrowed from Genesis 28:12, to represent the divine power that will aid Jesus in the discharge of his Messianic office, and the signal proofs to appear in his history of a divine superintendence. Certain of the angels have proved faithless to the trust committed to them by God, and have given themselves up to sin, Jude 1:6; 2 Peter 2:4 (Enoch c. vi. etc., cf. Genesis 6:2), and now obey the devil, Matthew 25:41; Revelation 12:7, cf. 1 Corinthians 6:3 (yet on this last passage cf. Meyer; he and others maintain that ἄγγελοι without an epithet or limitation never in the N. T. signifies other than good angels). Hence, ἄγγελος Σατᾶν is tropically used in 2 Corinthians 12:7 to denote a grievous bodily malady sent by Satan. See δαίμων; (Sophocles' Lexicon, under the word ἄγγελος; and for the literature on the whole subject B. D. American edition under the word
STRONGS NT 32b: ἄγγος ἄγγος, (εος, τό (plural ἄγγη), equivalent to ἀγγεῖον, which see: Matthew 13:48 T Tr WH. (From Homer down; (cf. Rutherford, New Phryn., p. 23).)
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ἄγγελος , -ον , ό ,
[in LXX chiefly for H4397;]
1. a messenger, one sent: Matthew 11:10, James 2:20.
2. As in LXX, in the special sense of angel, a spiritual, heavenly being, attendant upon God and employed as his messenger to men, to make known his purposes, as Luke 1:11, or to execute them, as Matthew 4:6. The ἄ . in Revelation 1:20 Revelation 2:1, al., is variously understood as
(1) a messenger or delegate,
(2) a bishop or ruler,
(3) a guardian angel,
(4) the prevailing spirit of each church, i.e. the Church itself. (Cf. Swete, Ap., in l; DB, iv, 991; Thayer, s.v.; Cremer, 18; MM, VGT, s.v.)
[in LXX for נגד hi.;]
to announce, report: John 4:51 (WH R omit), John 20:18 (ΜΜ , VGT, s.v.).†
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
In Syll 512.71, a dialect inscr. of ii/B.C. from Calymna, ἄγγελοι are envoys whose names are given. The word is used in the sense of ";intermediary"; (cf. Galatians 3:19) in Syll 122.25 (iv/B.C.) ὀμόσαι δ ]ι᾽ ἀγγέλων. For the presumably Christian ";angel"; inscriptions from Thera see Deissmann LAE, p. 279 with accompanying facsimile, and the paper ";It is his Angel"; (J. H. M.) in JTS 1902, p. 519 f. Add (from Crönert) IG XII. iii. 933. In Archiv iii. p. 445, No. 67, is published a Greek inscription from Assouan of the time of M. Aurelius, which begins—Μεγάλῃ τύχῃ τοῦ [θε ]ο ̣[ῦ. . . τ ]ῶν ἀνγέλων τῆς [ἱ ]ε ̣ρεί [ας ] : cf. also p. 451 No. 94 (time of Diocletian), Ὑπὲρ εὐχῆς τῶν ἀνγέλων Ἐμεσηνοὶ ἀνέθηκαν κτλ. Οἱ ἄγγελοι θεοῦ, as in 1 Timothy 5:21, occurs in the extremely interesting Jewish inscription Syll 816.10 κύριε ὁ πάντα ἐ [φ ]ορῶν καὶ οἱ ἄνγελοι θεοῦ. Dittenberger assigns it to i/A.D. and yet apparently prefers to regard it as Christian : there does not, however, seem to be anything distinctive of Christianity—it is a Jewish prayer for vengeance upon unknown murderers : see Deissmann LAE, p. 423 ff. It is interesting to observe that the special meaning ";angel"; is apparently a reversion to the oldest signification, for in Homer the ἄγγελος is often a messenger of the gods. The two branches of the Aryan language-group diverge here. In Vedic Indian the An̄girasaḥ̯are ";higher beings intermediate between gods and men,"; as Macdonell rather tentatively concludes (Vedic Mythology, 143). In Persian angara (?—see on ἀγγαρεύω) is a human messenger. Perhaps both meanings coexisted in the corner of the Indo-Germanic area to which the word is restricted. See also Hatzidakis on ἄγγελος in Sitz. Ber. d. Wien. Akad. 1913, 2.
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Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org.
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