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Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #8269 - שַׂר
1) prince, ruler, leader, chief, chieftain, official, captain
1a) chieftain, leader
1b) vassal, noble, official (under king)
1c) captain, general, commander (military)
1d) chief, head, overseer (of other official classes)
1e) heads, princes (of religious office)
1f) elders (of representative leaders of people)
1g) merchant-princes (of rank and dignity)
1i) Ruler of rulers (of God)
1342) rx (סר SR) AC: Rule CO: Ruler AB: Noble: The pictograph x is a picture of a thorn representing a turning, the r is a picture of a head. Combined these mean "turn the head". The turning of the head to another direction. One who rules turns the people to his direction. The turning the head of the child or student into a particular direction.
Nm) rx (סר SR) - I. Noble:One who has authority. [df: rV]II. Heavy:The weight of responsibility on one in authority. KJV (424): prince, captain, chief, ruler, governor, keeper, principal, general, lord, heavy, sad - Strongs: H5620 (סַר), H8269 (שַׂר)
V) rrx (סרר SRR) - I. Rule:To make others turn in the direction of the ruler. [df: rrV]II. Turn:To turn away from the correct path toward another direction. KJV (22): (vf: Paal) rule, prince, altogether, rebellious, stubborn, revolter, revolting, backslide, away, withdrew - Strongs: H5637 (סָרַר), H8323 (שָׂרַר)
C) rxa (אסר ASR) AC: Bind CO: ? AB: ?: The yoke is bound to the neck of the oxen and used by the driver to turn the head of the oxen. A yoke was also used for prisoners. A binding of someone or something to move it by force.
V) rfx (סור SWR) - I. Remove:In the sense of turning something away. [df: rwV]II. Rule:To turn the heads of the people. KJV (305): (vf: Paal, Hiphil, Hophal) away, depart, remove, aside, take, turn, take, go, put, eschew, reign, power, prince - Strongs: H5493 (שׂוּר), H7786 (שׂוּר), H7787 (שׂוּר)
V) rxi (יסר YSR) - Correct: To make a change in direction through instruction or chastisement. KJV (9): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Hiphil, Piel) chastise, instruct, correct, taught, bound, punish, reform, reprove - Strongs: H3256 (יָסַר)
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
שַׂר pl. שָׂרִים (from the root שָׂרַר) m.
(1) leader, commander, especially of soldiers, Genesis 21:22; Job 39:25 of a royal body-guard, Genesis 37:36 of cupbearers, 40:9 of a city, 1 Kings 22:26 of a prison, Genesis 39:21, 22 Genesis 39:22 but שָׂרֵי מִקְנֶה rulers over cattle, Genesis 47:6.
(2) prince, Exodus 2:14; Isaiah 23:8 plur. nobles, courtiers, Genesis 12:15. Poet. שָׂרֵי קֹדֶשׁ used of the priests, Isaiah 43:28 שַׂר שָׂרִים of God [Christ], Daniel 8:25. In the book of Daniel (10:13, 20 Daniel 10:20), the princes of angels, i.e. the archangels interceding with God [?] for particular nations, οἱ ἑπτὰ ἄγγελοι, οἳ ἐνώπιον τοῦ θεοῦ ἑστήκασι [?], Revelation 8:2. Fem. is שָׂרָה, which see.
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