the Fourth Week of Lent
Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary Greek Lexicon
Strong's #338 - ἀναίτιος
- guiltless, innocent
also α, ον Hdt. 9.110, A. Ch. 873: —
I in the best authors, only of persons,
1. not being the fault or cause of a thing, guiltless, ἀναίτιον αἰτιάασθαι Il. 13.775, cf. Od. 20.135, etc.; αἰτία ἑλομένου, θεὸς ἀ. Pl. R. 617e; ἀναίτιος ἀθανάτοις guiltless before the gods, Hes. Op. 827, cf. E. Med. 730; ἀ. παρά τινι X. Cyr. 1.6.10; ἀ. αἷμα ἐκχέαι SIG 1181.6.
2. c. gen. rei, guiltless of a thing, Hdt. 1.129, 7.233, etc.; φόνου, κακῶν, A. Ag. 1505, Ch. 873; κακίας Pl. Ti. 42d; ἀφροσύνης X. Cyr. 1. 5.10: οὐκ ἀναίτιόν ἐστι, c. inf., it is blamable to do, ib. 5.5.22.
II not being the cause, τὸ ἀ. τιθέναι ὡς αἴτιον Arist. APr. 65b16, cf. Rh. 1401b30; having no cause, unjustifiable, κολάσεις Phld. Ir. p.52 W. Adv. -ως not in the form of a cause, ἀ. τὴν αἰτίαν ἔχειν Plot. 6.7.2; without assigning any reason, ὁλοσχερῶς καὶ ἀ. λεκτέον Simp. in Cael. 665.11.
III uncaused. Plot. 3.1.1, Phlp. in Ph. 277.1: Sup., Sch. E. Hipp. 672. Adv. -ως without a cause, Gal. 10.36, S.E. P. 3.67, Simp. in Ph. 641.10; ἀ. γίγνεσθαι Alex.Aphr. in Metaph. 309.15.
ἀναίτιος, (αἰτία) guiltless, innocent: Matthew 12:5, 7. Often in Greek writings; Deuteronomy 21:8f, equivalent to נָקִי; Susanna 62.)
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ἀν -αίτιος , -ον
(< αἰτία ),
[in LXX: Deuteronomy 19:10; Deuteronomy 19:13; Deuteronomy 21:8-9 (H5355), Da LXX TH Sus1:62, always of αἷμα (of. MM, VGT, s.v.)*;]
guiltless, innocent: Matthew 12:5; Matthew 12:7.†
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Syll 816.7 ἐγχέαντας αὐτῆς τὸ ἀναίτιον αἷμα ἀδίκως, ib.12 ἵνα ἐγδικήσῃς τὸ αἷμα τὸ ἀναίτιον. This interesting inscription, containing phrases from the LXX, is given by Dittenberger as of Jewish or Christian origin. The latter alternative has been rightly excluded, since there is no sign of the NT visible. The prayer is a Jewish prayer for vengeance belonging to the end of the second, or the beginning of the first century B.C. See the full discussion in Deissmann LAE, p. 423 ff., and note the remarkably similar but pagan prayer from Alexandria in Preisigke 1323 (ii/A.D.).
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org.
Copyright 1999-2023. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.