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Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #338 - ἀναίτιος

from (G1) (as a negative particle) and (G159) (in the sense of (G156))
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  1. guiltless, innocent
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 5355 ‑ נָקִי (naw‑kee', naw‑kee');  
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KJV (2)
Matthew 2
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Matthew 2
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

ἀναίτιος, ον,

also α, ον Hdt. 9.110, A. Ch. 873:

I in the best authors, only of persons,

1. not being the fault or cause of a thing, guiltless, ἀναίτιον αἰτιάασθαι Il. 13.775, cf. Od. 20.135, etc.; αἰτία ἑλομένου, θεὸς ἀ. Pl. R. 617e; ἀναίτιος ἀθανάτοις guiltless before the gods, Hes. Op. 827, cf. E. Med. 730; ἀ. παρά τινι X. Cyr. 1.6.10; ἀ. αἷμα ἐκχέαι SIG 1181.6.

2. c. gen. rei, guiltless of a thing, Hdt. 1.129, 7.233, etc.; φόνου, κακῶν, A. Ag. 1505, Ch. 873; κακίας Pl. Ti. 42d; ἀφροσύνης X. Cyr. 1. 5.10: οὐκ ἀναίτιόν ἐστι, c. inf., it is blamable to do, ib. 5.5.22.

II not being the cause, τὸ ἀ. τιθέναι ὡς αἴτιον Arist. APr. 65b16, cf. Rh. 1401b30; having no cause, unjustifiable, κολάσεις Phld. Ir. p.52 W. Adv. -ως not in the form of a cause, ἀ. τὴν αἰτίαν ἔχειν Plot. 6.7.2; without assigning any reason, ὁλοσχερῶς καὶ ἀ. λεκτέον Simp. in Cael. 665.11.

III uncaused. Plot. 3.1.1, Phlp. in Ph. 277.1: Sup., Sch. E. Hipp. 672. Adv. -ως without a cause, Gal. 10.36, S.E. P. 3.67, Simp. in Ph. 641.10; ἀ. γίγνεσθαι Alex.Aphr. in Metaph. 309.15.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

ἀναίτιος, (αἰτία) guiltless, innocent: Matthew 12:5, 7. Often in Greek writings; Deuteronomy 21:8f, equivalent to נָקִי; Susanna 62.)

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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All rights rserved. Used by permission.
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

ἀν -αίτιος , -ον

(< αἰτία ),

[in LXX: Deuteronomy 19:10; Deuteronomy 19:13; Deuteronomy 21:8-9 (H5355), Da LXX TH Sus1:62, always of αἷμα (of. MM, VGT, s.v.)*;]

guiltless, innocent: Matthew 12:5; Matthew 12:7.†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

Syll 816.7 ἐγχέαντας αὐτῆς τὸ ἀναίτιον αἷμα ἀδίκως, ib.12 ἵνα ἐγδικήσῃς τὸ αἷμα τὸ ἀναίτιον. This interesting inscription, containing phrases from the LXX, is given by Dittenberger as of Jewish or Christian origin. The latter alternative has been rightly excluded, since there is no sign of the NT visible. The prayer is a Jewish prayer for vengeance belonging to the end of the second, or the beginning of the first century B.C. See the full discussion in Deissmann LAE, p. 423 ff., and note the remarkably similar but pagan prayer from Alexandria in Preisigke 1323 (ii/A.D.).


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
αναιτιοι αναίτιοί ἀναίτιοί αναίτιον αναιτιους αναιτίους ἀναιτίους anaitioi anaítioí anaitious anaitíous