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Strong's #3390 - μητρόπολις

from (G3384) and (G4172)
Parts of Speech
Noun Feminine
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  1. a metropolis, a chief city
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 1 ‑ אָב (awb);  517 ‑ אֵם (ame);  1002 ‑ בִּירָה (bee‑raw');  5892 ‑ עָיַר (eer, awr, aw‑yar');  5892 ‑ עָיַר (eer, awr, aw‑yar');  7149 ‑ קִרְיָה (keer‑yaw', keer‑yaw');  
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KJV (1)
1 Timothy 1
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Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions


Dor. ματρό-, poet. μητρόπτολις, Epigr.Gr. 537.4 (Tomi), 842a1 (Cyrene), Syria 7.209 (Damascus), Nonn. D. 13.166: εως, ἡ: —

1. mother-state, as related to her colonies, of Athens in relation to the Ionians, Hdt. 7.51, Th. 6.82; of Doris in relation to the Peloponn. Dorians, Hdt. 8.31, Th. 1.107, 3.92; of Meroe in relation to the Ethiopians, Hdt. 2.29; of Thera, μεγαλᾶν πολίων μ. Pi. P. 4.20; μ. Λοκρῶν Ὀπόεις Simon. 93; of the Attic Salamis, as the μ. of the Cyprian, A. Pers. 895 (lyr.); of Corinth, as the μ. of Corcyra, Th. 1.24; of Rome, Gal. 14.296.

2. metaph., ἐστὶ μ. τοῦ ψυχροῦ [ὁ ἐγκέφαλος ] Hp. Carn. 4; ἡ ἱστορία μ. τῆς φιλοσοφίας D.S. 1.2, cf. Chrysipp.Stoic. 3.199; γεωμετρία ἀρχὴ καὶ μ. τῶν ἄλλων (sc. μαθημάτων) Philol. ap. Plu. 2.718e.


1. one's mother-city, mothercountry, home, Pi. N. 5.8, S. OC 707 (lyr.), Ant. 1122 (lyr.).

2. ἁ σὰ ματρόπολις thy mother's city, Isyll. 59.

III capital city, X. An. 5.2.3, 5.4.15; ἡ μ. τῆς Ἀσίας, of Ephesus, OGI 496.6, IG 3.485; ἡ μ. τῆς Ἰωνίας, of Miletus, ib.480. in Egypt, chief town of a νομός, PRLaws 48.16 (iii B. C.), BGU 326 ii 10 (ii A. D.), etc.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

μητρόπολις, μητροπολεως, (μήτηρ and πόλις), a metropolis, chief city; in the spurious subscription 1 Timothy 6:(22) at the end; (in this sense from Xenophon down).

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

μητρό -πολις , -εως , ,

[in LXX for H1 etc.;]

a metropolis, chief city: ITi, subscr. (Rec.).†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

This word should be translated ";captain"; rather than ";owner"; (AV, RV ) in its only occurrence in the NT, Acts 27:11, for the vessel belonged to the Alexandrian fleet in the Imperial service : see Ramsay Paul, p. 324. In this connexion it is interesting to note that, judging from two ναύκληρος –receipts P Lille I. 22, 23 (both B.C. 221), the Ptolemies were themselves ship-owners and hired out their vessels for corn-transport. The ναύκληρος in both the above cases is described also as μισθωτής or ";lessee,"; though in themselves the two functions were distinct : ";die Pacht eines Schiffes für unbestimmte Zwecke schafft einen μισθωτής, die Übernahme eines Staatstransportes einen ναύκληρος "; (Rostowzew, Archiv v. p. 298). That private persons could also be ship-owners is shown by another receipt P Lille I. 21 (B.C. 221), where a certain Heracleides acts as ναύκληρος for a transport belonging to Heraclitus—.6 Ἡρακλείδης ναύκληρος τῆς Ἡρακλείτου προσαγογεῖτος (l. προσαγωγίδος) : see further Wilcken, Archiv v. p. 226. Other exx. of the term are P Hib I. 39.5 (B.C. 265) where, as in Ac l.c., Horus is described as ναύκληρ ̣ο ̣ς ̣ καὶ κυβερνητής of a State barge (εἰς κοντω [τὸ ]ν βασιλικόν) conveying corn, and as ναύκληρος is instructed to write a receipt and seal a sample of his freight—σύμβολον [δ ]ὲ ὑμῖν γραψάσθ ̣ω ̣ . . [κ ]αὶ δεῖγμα σφραγισάσ [θ ]ω, ib. 98.2 (B.C. 251) ὁμολογ ̣ε ̣ι ̣ͅ [Διονύσιος ] ν [αύ ]κληρος ἐμ [β ]εβ [λῆσθαι ] . . . κριθ [ ]ν (ἀρτάβας) Δ ̄ω ̄, ";Dionysius, captain, acknowledges that he has embarked 4800 artabae of barley"; (Edd.), P Oxy I. 63.4 (ii/iii A.D.) τοῦ ἀναδιδόντος σοι τὸ ἐπιστόλιόν μου ναυκλήρου Πανε ̣μου ̣ῶτος, ";the bearer of this letter is the captain Panemouos"; (Edd.), and the Delian inscr. OGIS 344.4 (i/B.C.) οἱ καταπλέοντες εἰς Βιθυνίαν ἔμποροι καὶ ναύκληροι, where the ἔμποροι, ";private-owners,"; are distinguished from the ναύκληροι, ";captains"; or ";sailing-masters."; For the difference between ναύκληρος and πιστικός see the note on P Lond IV. 1341.12 (A.D. 709). Ναυκλήριον, ";vessel,"; is found in P Oxy I. 87.7, .20 (A.D. 342).


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
μεμηχανευμένας μητροπόλεων μητρόπολιν μητρόπολις μηχανάς